Neurosurgery

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447aortega
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247260
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Neurosurgery
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2013-11-17 02:02:13
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Chapter 24 Neurosurgery
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  1. Cranial nerve IX is called the ________________ nerve.
    Glossopharyngeal
  2. A cervical discectomy is performed with what position?
    A. Prone
    B. Supine
    C. Kraske
    Supine
  3. This type of nerve detects stimuli.
    A. Integrative
    B. Sensory
    C. Motor
    Sensory
  4. How many layers of meninges are there?
    A. Five
    B. Four
    C. Three
    Three
  5. The target area of cranial nerve II is ______.
    Retina
  6. How many pairs of cranial nerves are there?
    A. 31
    B. 8
    C. 12
    12
  7. The cranium consists of how many bones?
    A. Eight
    B. Six
    C. Seven
    Eight
  8. A craniotomy for subdural bleeding may be performed under local anesthesia.
    A. True
    B. False
    True
  9. The pons is a part of the:
    A. Parietal lobe
    B. Occipital lobe
    C. Brain stem
    Brain stem
  10. Cranial nerve IV is called the _________ nerve.
    Trochlear
  11. Raney clips are used to stop the bleeding of the meninges.
    A. True
    B. False
    False
  12. Cranial nerve II is called the _______ nerve.
    Cranial
  13. The target area of cranial nerve XII is the ______________.
    Tongue muscles
  14. There are how many pairs of spinal nerves?
    A. 12
    B. 31
    C. 24
    31
  15. These tumors constitute 40% of primary brain tumors.
    A. Astroytoma
    B. Acoustic neuroma
    C. Glioma
    Glioma
  16. What acts as a relay station to the cerebral cortex for sensory data?
    A. Thalamus
    B. Medulla oblongata
    C. Hypothalamus
    Thalamus
  17. Which nerve is the cranial nerve IX?
    A. Vagus nerve
    B. Vestibulocochlear
    C. Glossopharyngeal
    Glossopharyngeal
  18. The PNS can be divided into the SNS and: A. PMCS B. ANS C. PMS
    ANS
  19. A transsphenoidal hypophysectomy is performed to remove tumors on the _______________.
    Pituitary gland
  20. Per day, the choroid plexus produces 800mL of:
    A. Glial cells
    B. Blood plasma
    C. CSF
    CSF
  21. Cranial nerve V is called the __________ nerve.
    Trigeminal
  22. A premature closing of the cranial sutures of an infant is called:
    A. Craniosynosstosis
    B. Ischemic disease
    C. AVM
    Cranioynostosis
  23. What is the term for water on the brain?
    A. Hydrophilic
    B. Hydrocephalus
    C. Aerocephalus
    Hydrocephalus
  24. This contains the center for visual reflexes, such as movement of the head and eyes.
    A. Midbrain
    B. Pons
    C. Medulla oblongata
    Midbrain
  25. Which layer of the meninges is the middle layer?
    A. Arachnoid mater
    B. Pia mater
    C. Dura mater
    Arachnoid mater
  26. Love-Kerrison is a bone rongeur.
    A. True
    B. False
    True
  27. The target area of cranial nerve IV is the ________________.
    Superior oblique
  28. Where does body temperature regulation take place?
    A. Cerebellum
    B. Diencephalon
    C. Occipital lobe
    Diencephalon
  29. What is the tough outer layer of the meninges?
    A. Arachnoid mater
    B. Dura mater
    C. Pia mater
    Dura mater
  30. A Hudson brace is an osteotome.
    A. True
    B. False
    False
  31. Which number is the facial cranial nerve?
    A. VI
    B. VIII
    C. VII
    VII
  32. The target area of cranial nerve VI is the ______________ muscle.
    Lateral rectus
  33. Gigli saws are flexible.
    A. True
    B. False
    True
  34. What cranial nerve deals with smell?
    A. Trochlear
    B. Optic
    C. Olfactory
    Olfactory
  35. A Freer elevator has a dull side and a sharp side.
    A. True
    B. False
    True
  36. A VP shunt moves CSF from the ventricles to the __________.
    Peritoneum
  37. A VA shunt moves CSF from the ventricles to the ____________.
    Right atrium
  38. Cranial nerve VI is called the ________ nerve.
    Abducens
  39. Cranial nerve VIII is called the _________________________ nerve.
    Vestivulocochlearacoustic

  40. Cranial nerve XI is called the _________ nerve.
    Accessory
  41. Aneurysm clips can be both temporary and permanent.
    A. True
    B. False
    True
  42. A neurosurgeon will not use bone wax.
    A. True
    B. False
    False
  43. Cranial nerve X is called the _____ nerve.
    Vagus
  44. Surgical approach for herniated disk, spinal compression, or spinal tumor
    Hemilaminotomy
  45. A series of interconnected canals and cavities within the brain
    Ventricles
  46. Handles speech function
    Left hemisphere
  47. Accumulation of blood in the subdural or epidural space
    Hematoma
  48. A ring of gray matter nuclei on the inner border of the cerebrum that forms a border around the brain stem
    Limbic system
  49. Used to control bleeding around the bone edges
    Bone wax
  50. Second largest structure of the brain
    Cerebellum
  51. Deals with nonverbal and intuitive behaviors
    Right Hemisphere
  52. The midbrain; a section of the brain stem located between the diecephalon and the pons
    Mesencephalon
  53. Abnormal spread-open nerve tissue located at the site of the neural tube defect in myelomeningocele
    Neuralplacode
  54. Ultimately responsible for all human physical and mental functions
    Brain
  55. Layer of neurons on the surface of the brain
    Cortex
  56. Outside the spinal cord
    Extradural
  57. Three layers of protective tissue covering the brain and spinal cord
    Cranial meninges
  58. Encloses and protects the brain and is covered by skin
    Cranium
  59. Located between the midbrain and the cerebrum
    Diencephalon
  60. A congenital defect that develops during fetal development, where the spine protrudes through a congenital opening in the vertebral column
    Myelomeningocele
  61. The system composed of the nerves that link the various parts of the body to the central nervous system; includes the cranial nerves and the spinal nerves
    Peripheral nervous system
  62. Forced out of position
    Extruded
  63. Pressure produced within the cranium; when elevated, represents a space-occupying lesion or brain edema
    Intracranial pressure
  64. A localized collection of extravasated blood that is often clotted
    Hematoma
  65. An abnormal bony growth
    Osteophytes
  66. Voluntary motor portions of the nervous system responsible for skeletal muscle movement
    Somatic nervous system
  67. Incomplete closure of faulty fusion
    Dysraphism
  68. Across or through the sphenoid bone
    Transsphenoidal
  69. Division of the autonomic nervous system that is responsible for the flight-or-flight mechanism
    Sympathetic nervous system
  70. Involuntary motor portion of the nervous system responsible for smooth muscle contraction
    Autonomic nervous system
  71. Above or outside the dura mater
    Epidural
  72. A group of malignant tumors composed of glial cells
    Gliomas
  73. An area of broken-down tissue containing pus and liquefied tissue
    Abscess
  74. The portion of the brain located in the cranial fossa posterior to the brain stem and consisting of two lobes
    Cerebellum
  75. A division of the autonomic nervous system that responds by restoring homeostatic balance and conserving energy; slows the heart rate, relaxes the sphincters of the body, and increases peristalsis in the gastrointestinal tract
    Parasympathetic nervous system
  76. A severe short-term condition
    Acute
  77. Pain, numbness, and tingling in an extremity caused by the compression of a spinal nerve root
    Radiculopathy
  78. Dysraphism
    incomplete closure or faulty fusion
  79. Epidural
    Above or outside the dura mater
  80. Integration
    Bringing together several components or functions to facilitate harmony
  81. Glioma
    a group of malignant tumors composed of glial cells
  82. Intracranial pressure (ICP)
    Pressure produced within the cranium
  83. Transsphenoidal
    Across or through the sphenoid bone
  84. Transient ischemic attack (TIA)
    Intermittent cerebrovascular insufficiency due to partial artery blockage
  85. Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
    The nerves linking the various body parts to the central nervous system
  86. Central nervous system (CNS)
    The main component that coordinates and controls the body's activities
  87. Hematoma
    A localized collection of extravasated blood that is often clotted
  88. Parasympathetic nervous sytem (PNS)
    Part of the ANS that restores homeostatic balance and conserves energy
  89. Cerebrum
    The largest section of the brain
  90. Autonomic nervous system (ANS)
    Responsible for smooth muscle contraction
  91. Sympathetic nervous system
    Division of the ANS responsible for the fight-or-flight mechanism
  92. Somatic nervous system (SNS)
    Voluntary motor portions of the nervous system responsible for skeletal muscle movement
  93. Osteophyte
    An abnormal bony growth
  94. Circle of Willis
    A complex vascular network located at the base of the brain

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