Card Set Information
Organic Chemistry review 11/17/2013
Compounds obtained from living organisms.
The study of hydrocarbons and their derivatives
A compound that contains carbon atoms and hydrogen atoms
Compound contains carbon and hydrogen and one or more additional element
Hydrocarbon in which all carbon-carbon bonds are single bonds
Hydrocarbon in which one or more carbon-carbon multiple bonds
A saturated hydrocarbon in which the carbon atom arrangement is acyclic
Molecular formulas of all alkanes fit the general formula:?
The specific three-dimesional arrangement of atoms in an organic molecule at a given instant the results from notations about carbon-carbons single bonds
Name of IUPAC
International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Group of atoms that would be obtained by removing a hydrogen atom from an alkane
Formal IUPAC rule for naming branched-chain alkanes
1. Identify the longest carbon chain, which may or may not be shown in a straight line
2.Number the carbon atoms in the parent chain from the end of the chain nearest a substituent
3. If only one alkyl group is present, name and locate it by number, and prefix the number and name to that of the parent carbon chain
4. If two or more the same kind of molecule, indicate with a Greek Numerical prefix:-di, -tri, -tetra and -penta.