Ch. 6/7 Vocab

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Anonymous
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247295
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Ch. 6/7 Vocab
Updated:
2013-11-17 10:10:48
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Honors Biology
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Photosynthesis/Cellular Respiration
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  1. Use energy from sunlight or from chemical bonds in inorganic substances to make organic compounds
    Autotroph
  2. Animals & organisms that must get energy from food instead of directly from sunlight or inorganic compounds
    Heterotroph
  3. Absorb light; found in plant cells & algae
    Chloroplast
  4. Converting light energy from the sun into chemical energy in the form of organic compounds, primarily carbohydrates
    Photosynthesis
  5. Light energy (absorbed from the sun) is converted to chemical energy, which is temporarily stored in ATP & the energy carrier molecule NADPH
    Light reaction
  6. Gives plants their green color, reacts w/ sunlight, CO2 & water to form carbs, pigments located in the membrane of thylakoids
    Chlorophyll
  7. First series of molecules located in the thylakoid membrane; transfer electrons from one molecule to the next
    Electron Transport Chain
  8. Enzymes converts pyruvic acid made during glycolysis into another 3-carbon compound called lactic acid
    Lactic Acid Fermentation
  9. Convert pyruvic acid into ethyl alcohol
    Alcoholic fermentation
  10. Biochemical pathway that breaks down acetyl CoA, producing CO2, hydrogen atoms, & ATP
    Krebs cycle
  11. Complex process in which cells make ATP by breaking down organic compounds
    Cellular Respiration
  12. Producing a small amount of ATP & NADH
    Pyruvic Acid
  13. Does not require the presence of oxygen
    Anaerobic respiration
  14. Oxygen present in cell's environment, pyruvic acid is broken down & NADH is used to make a large amount of ATP
    Aerobic respiration
  15. Organic compounds are converted into 3-carbon molecules of pyruvic acid
    Glycolysis

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