Chapter 10 and 11 quiz

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  1. Imperialism
    the policy of conquering other countries to build your empire
  2. factors fueled American imperialism
    • desire for strong military
    • thirst for new markets
    • belief in cultural superiority
  3. Things Alfred T. Mahan said we need to become a world power
    • A navy
    • the Panama Canal
    • naval bases in the Caribbean
    • Control of Hawaii and other islands in the Pacific
  4. Josian Strong
    Wrote a book called Our Country:Its possible future and its present crisis convinced many people that U.S. imperialism was right
  5. Kalakaua
    • the King of Hawaii
    • forced to sign a new constitution called the Bayonet Constitution that limited his role to that of a figurehead
  6. Queen Liliuokalani
    • last queen of the Hawaiian monarchy
    • wanted to return Hawaii back to its old ways
  7. Annexation
    taking a territory and making it your own
  8. Spheres of influence
    area of economic and political control
  9. The Spanish American war and its causes
    • happened in 1898
    • causes- sinking of the U.S.S. Maine and influence of the Delome letter
  10. Yellow Journalism
    • William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer started it
    • overly exaggerated newspaper stories used to sway public opinion
  11. George Dewey
    U.S. commander in the Pacific during the Spanish-American War
  12. Rough Riders
    Lead by Teddy Roosevelt during the Spanish-American War
  13. Treaty of Paris
    • Cuba became free
    • U.S. gains Puerto Rico and Guam
    • We pay Spain 20 million dollars for the philippines
  14. Foraker Act
    • 1900 
    • ended military rule in Puerto Rico
  15. Platt Amendment
    • Cuba could not make treaties that would jeopardize their independence
    • If necessary, the U.S. would intervene in Cuba's affairs
    • Cuba must give the U.S. Navy bases in Cuba
  16. Protectorate
    a country whose affairs are controlled by a stronger power
  17. open door policy
    policy of giving countries equal access to trading rights in China
  18. Boxer Rebellion
    revolt by the Chinese activists because of the American influence in China (mainly religious)
  19. Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty
    gave the U.S. a 10 mile wide canal zone in Panama
  20. William Gorgas
    virtually eliminated yellow fever by draining and sanitizing areas of standing water in the canal zone
  21. panama Canal
    opened in 1914
  22. Roosevelt Corollary
    • 1904
    • aka "the Big Stick policy"
    • protections policy that made the U.S. an international police power
  23. Dollar Diplomacy
    • Protection policy created by Taft 
    • it was the policy of spending money in Central American to improve their economy so no other country comes to take them over
  24. Missionary Diplomacy
    • aka "Moral Diplomacy"
    • Protection policy created by Woodrow Wilson to encourage education in Central American to spread democracy and keep other countries from taking them over
  25. "Pancho" Villa
    led a series of raids in the South Western parts of the U.S. and was never captured
  26. Causes of World War I
    • Nationalism
    • Imperialism
    • Militarism
    • System of Alliances
    • Assassination of the Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand (June 1914)
  27. Allied Power (beginning)
    • Great Britain
    • Russia
    • France
  28. Central powers
    • Germany
    • Austria-Hungary
    • Ottoman Empire
  29. July 28, 1914
    World War I begins when Austria-Hungary declares war Serbia
  30. Schlieffen Plan
    German War plan- destroy France (80% of military) as fast as possible then turn to Russia
  31. Trench Warfare
    World War I military battles conducted from long lines of opposing ditches
  32. Stalemate
    deadlock where neither side can gain a victory
  33. Reason U.S. entered the World War I
    • deep sympathy for Allies
    • Economic interests
    • unrestricted submarine warfare
    • sinking of the Lusitania (November 1914)
    • Zimmerman Note (January 1917)
  34. Sussex Pledge
    • 1915
    • Germany's Promise not to sink any more ships without sufficient warning
  35. Election of 1916
    • Woodrow Wilson- Democratic (Won)
    • Charles Hughes (Republican)
  36. April 6, 1917
    U.S. enters World War I
  37. Selective Service Act
    required all men 21-30 to register for the military draft
  38. Convoy System
    merchant vessels transported troops, supplies, and volunteers through the submarines in the Atlantic
  39. American Expeditionary Forces (AEF)
    American Forces
  40. John Jay Pershing
    commander of the U.S. forces during World War I
  41. New weapons of World War I
    Tanks, Machine guns, hand grenades, airplanes, poison gas, submarines
  42. Armistice Day
    November 11, 1918
  43. Germany Invades Belgium
    August 1914
  44. Mobilization
    the readying of troops for war
  45. War Industries Board (WIB)
    directed by Bernard Baruch to oversee the production and manufacturing of manufactured goods during World War I
  46. Herber Hover
    in charge of the Food Administration
  47. Liberty Bonds
    special bonds sold to support World War I
  48. Great Migrations
    • 1916-1919
    • movement of African American from the South to industrial cities in the North
  49. Spanish Influenza
    home front crisis when an international epidemic affected about one quarter of the U.S. population (1918-1919)
  50. Propoganda
    information, ideas, or rumors used to help/harm a person/organization (anything meant to sway public opinion)
  51. George Creel
    headed the Committee on Public Information campaigning to encourage American people to support the war
  52. Espionage and Sedition Acts
    • 1918
    • imposed harsh penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against U.S. participation in World War I
  53. Types of Propoganda
    • bandwagon- "everyone is doing it"
    • testimonial- famous person endorses it
    • transfer- 
    • repetition- repeating something
    • emotional- emotional words 
    • name-calling- trashing another company
    • compare- and contrast- comparing your company to another to make yourself look better
  54. Schenck vs. United States 1919
    Speech is limited if it poses a clear and present danger then Congress could restrain speech
  55. fourteen points
    • Woodrow Wilson program for World Peace following World War I 
    • Most important point was the League of nations
  56. League of Nations
    international body that is designed to promote world peace after WWI
  57. The big Four
    • David Lloyd George- Great Britian
    • Orlando- Italy
    • Georges Clemenceau- France
    • Woodrow Wilson- U.S.
  58. Treaty of Versailles
    • 1919
    • Germany must...
    • admit guilt for starting WWI
    • reduce Military(demilitarize)
    • give up territory (Rhineland)
    • Pay reparations
  59. Effects of WWI
    • Social change in U.S. and U.S. isolationism
    • U.s. is global economic giant
    • destruction and immense loss of life
    • revolution in Russia
    • Formation of Mandates
    • Rise of militant extremist in Europe and WW2
    • Allied Victory
    • League of Nations
    • Treaty of Versailles
    • Break up of Empires
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Chapter 10 and 11 quiz
Chapter 10 and 11 quiz on Imperialism and World War 1
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