Kinesiology-ch9 &10

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Author:
laneaustin
ID:
247369
Filename:
Kinesiology-ch9 &10
Updated:
2013-11-23 09:49:40
Tags:
shoulder
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Description:
shoulder and shoulder girdle
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  1. Joints of the shoulder girdle
    • sternoclavicular
    • acromioclavicular
    • glenohumeral
  2. motions of the sternoclavicular and acromioclavicular joints
    • elevation
    • depression
    • protraction
    • retraction
    • upward rotation
    • downward rotation
  3. Scapular articulation
    • concave scapula
    • convex ribs
  4. superior angle location
    T2
  5. inferior angle location
    T8
  6. vertebral border is attachment site for what muscles?
    • rhomboids
    • serratus anterior
  7. axillary border is the attachment site for which muscles?
    • teres major
    • teres minor
  8. scapular spine is the attachment site for which muscles?
    middle and lower traps
  9. Coracoid process is the attachment site for which muscles?
    pectoralis minor
  10. Acromion process is the attachment site for which muscles?
    upper trap
  11. Clavicular descriptions
    • s-shaped bone
    • sternal end
    • body
    • acromial end
  12. Manubrium is the attachment site for what?
    clavicle and 1st rib
  13. sternal ligaments
    • sternoclavicular ligament
    • costoclavicular ligament
    • coracoacromial ligament
  14. acromioclavicular ligaments
    • acromioclavicular ligament
    • coracoclavicular ligament
    • coracoacromial ligament
  15. Scapular rhythm ratio
    • 2:1
    • abduction:flexion
  16. ROM of scapulohumeral rhythm
    • 120*-glenohumeral
    • 60*- scapulothoracic

    • glenohumeral:
    • first 30* abduction
    • first 60* flexion
  17. Trapezius actions
    • scapular retraction
    • elevation
    • depression
    • downward rotation
  18. innervation of trapezius
    • Spinal Accessory
    • (CN XI)
  19. Levator Scapulae actions
    • scapular elevation
    • downward rotation
  20. innervation of Levator Scapulae
    dorsal scapular nerve
  21. Rhomboids actions
    • scapular retraction
    • downward rotation
  22. innervation of Rhomboids
    dorsal scapular
  23. Serratus Anterior Actions
    • scapular protraction
    • upward rotation
    • posterior tilt
  24. Innervation of Serratus Anterior
    Long Thoracic
  25. Pectoralis Minor Actions
    • Scapular depression
    • downward rotation
    • anterior tilt
  26. innervation of pectoralis minor
    medial pectoral nerve
  27. Force Couple
    two forces act in an equal but opposite direction
  28. Supraspinatus
    O:
    I: 
    A:
    N:
    • O: Supraspinous fossa
    • I:  greater tubercle
    • A: abduction
    • N: suprascapular nerve
  29. Infraspinatus
    O:
    I: 
    A:
    N:
    • O: infraspinous fossa
    • I: greater tubercle
    • A: external rotation
    • N: suprascapular nerve
  30. Teres Minor
    O:
    I:
    A:
    N:
    • O: Axillary border of scapula
    • I: greater tubercle
    • A: external rotation
    • N: axillary nerve
  31. Subscapularis:
    O:
    I:
    A:
    N:
    • O: subscapular fossa
    • I: lesser tubercle
    • A: internal rotation
    • N: upper/lower subscapular nerve
  32. Pectoralis Major Actions
    • adduction
    • horizontal adduction
    • IR
  33. innervation of pectoralis major
    lateral medial pectoral nerve
  34. Latissimus Dorsi Actions
    • extension
    • adduction
    • IR
  35. Innervation of Latissimus Dorsi
    • extension
    • adduction
    • IR
  36. Innervation of Latissimus Dorsi
    Thoracodorsal Nerve
  37. Teres Major Actions
    • extension
    • adduction
    • IR
  38. Innervation of Teres Major
    Lower supscapular nerve
  39. job of coracobrachialis and innervation
    • stabilizes
    • musculocutaneous nerve
  40. Rotator cuff tear
    • no active abduction for 2-3 months
    • Focus on PROM
    • strengthen scapular stabilizers
  41. Scapular dysrhythmia
    • timing and sequence malfunction
    • scapular muscle weakness
  42. hypermobility
    • subluxation
    • do not stretch into ER
    • strengthen teres minor & infraspinatus
  43. sternoclavicular ligament prevents what movement?
    superior and anterior translation of clavicle
  44. costoclavicular ligament prevents what movement?
    superior and anterior translation of clavicle
  45. interclavicular ligament prevents what movement?
    lateral translation of the clavicle
  46. acromioclavicular ligament prevents what movement?
    • superior translation of clavicle
    • posterior translation of scapula
  47. coracoclavicular ligament prevents what movement?
    superior and anterior translation of clavicle
  48. purpose of the coracoacromial ligament:
    works as a ceiling and tunnel for supraspinatus

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