Tuesdays Class

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Tuesdays Class
2013-11-17 18:56:21

Exam reveiw questions
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  1. What is the difference betwwen equality and equity? Give an example of their relationship.
    Equality means providing the same resources and opporunities for all students whereas equity means students are provided the tools they need to receive an equal education. Equality all students are taught the same lesson where equity the non-english speaking students receive ilnguistic support to understand that lesson.
  2. Provide two of the four components of social justice educations.
    Drawing on the talents and strengths that students bring to their educations, creating an enviornment that promotes critical thinking and supports agency for social change, providing a student witht the resources necessary to learn to their full potential, and challanging, confronting, and disrupting misconceptions, untruths, and stereotypes that lead to structural inequality and discrimination based on race, social class, gender, and other social differences.
  3. In your own words explain the achievement gap? what is the noted problem with the term achievment gap from the text?
    Describes the circumstances in which some students, primarily those from racially, culturally, and linguistically marginalized and low income families, acheive less than other students. It suggests that students alone are responsible fro their learning, as if school and social conditions and contexts did not exist.
  4. Why is the idea of being color-blind such a controversial idea?
    Because in order to be color-blind, you would have to deface the culture, history, ethnicity, and struggle of a people. Discrimination should'nt be covered up by color-blindness
  5. The "invisibility" of the Arab Americans referred to in the text is defined as the absence of an ethnic person or party within an institution. True or False
  6. Racial profiling happens as a result of various reasons, the results may end in ridicule of a groups.........
    Culture, language, appearance, religion
  7. Howard Gardner asserts that the idea of multiple intelligneces should entail at least two components......
    Attempts to indiviuate education as much as possible and commits to convey important ideas and concepts in various formats
  8. The idea of being culturally compatible is not a reasonable expectation because of what reason?
    The range of diversity in the student body is too broad.
  9. In your opinion, what is cultural hybridity? Describe your hybridity.
    Cultural hybridity is to combine different races and cultures and live them. For example language, religion, and education. My hybridity would be one of a college student, mom, Euopean heritage, and new mexican experiences.
  10. What are the four ways of pride and conflict the students spoke about?
    Conflict and ambivalence, self-idnetification and conflict, creating new cultures, and identity and learning
  11. True or False- According to student, Sandy Grande, Red pedagogy is a pedagogy that pays particular attention to contemporary student' multifaceted identitties in order to assertively address their realities while also providing a cogent analysis of colonialism.
  12. A process by which children of immigrant backgrounds acculturate to the host society in a measure and careful way while at the same time maintaining ties with their ethnic communities is......
    Selective acculturation
  13. In your own words, describve societal curriculum?
    Influences of society including mass media, gener-role expectation, anti-immigrant hysteria, and rampant violence
  14. Student, ricardo stanton-salazar, believes this term is equally meaningful to provide social networks to students. This term is called......
    Institutional agents
  15. According to the researchers, it's not just affection, but a close and trusting relationship that, most important, create a sense of belonging in the school community. What type of affection is this considered?
  16. What is the difference between high help and high perfectionism
    High help is when the teacher communicates convincingly that she likes it when students ask questions and that she likes to help them when they are confused or making mistakes. High perfectionism is when the teacher consistently and continually pressess students' to strive for both understanding and accuracy in their assignment.
  17. School culture and home culture are often odds; the result is a cultural clash that produces school failure that is caused by?
    Culture incompatibles
  18. What are two of the six OSF's (out-of school factors) that significantly affect learning opportunities?
    Low birht weight/prenatal influences, inadequate medical, dental, and vision care, food insecurity, enviornemental pollutatnts, family relations and family stress, and neighborhood characteristics
  19. Ruben Garza found five dominant themes that describe what students appreciated about the strategies their teachers used. Name one out of the five
    Provide scaffolding during a teaching episode, reflect a kind disposition through actions, teachers showed a personal interest in the students well-being inside and outside of the classroom, and teachers provided affective academic support in the classroom setting.
  20. List two ways teachers can strenghten relationships with students through communication?
    Teachers can strengthen relationships with students through phone calles, home visits, navigation of college applications and attending cultural events.
  21. Briefly describe structural remedies schools can offer new students
    Structural remedies may consist of creating buddy systems, ambassador programs, and safety nets to assist new students and immigrants.
  22. In one sentence, explain how teachers can integrate the differences of students in their classrooms.
    Teachers can integrate the differences of students by modifying their lesson plans to provide differnet cultural backgrounds in their curriculum.
  23. Define culture.
    Values, traditions, worldveiw, and social relationships created, shared, and transformable by a group of people bound together by a common history, location, language, social class, religion, or other shared identities.
  24. What does it mean to be color-blind
    Not wanting to ackknowledge culutral or racial differences. It is not a bad thing but can result in refusing to accept differences and therefore accepting the dominant culture as the norm.
  25. Why is culture so important, even though over determining its significance is problematic?
    Everybody has the ability to create and re-create ideas and material goods and to affect their world in a varitey of ways.
  26. What is hybridity?
    The fusion of various cultures to form new, distinct, and ever changing identities.
  27. What is meant by "culture is not destiny"
    Idea is that culture might be an influence but it does not determine who we are
  28. True or false- Teaching complex thinking is one of the five standards for effective pedagogy.
  29. Why do you need to know about learning styles in order to be a teacher?
    Is the way in which individuals receive and process information and not every student is the same.
  30. True or False- Deculturalization is a process which people are deprived of their own culture and then conditioned into embracing other cultural values
  31. True or Flase- the artistic mind is one of the five types of minds in howard gardners book five minds for the future?
  32. What is discrimination based on?
  33. What is the difference between individual and institutional discrimination?
    Individual discrimination is an individual's negative perception against a group of people, institutional is when a whole institution discriminates against an entire group of their culture
  34. True or false: Self-fulfilling prophecy means that students perform in ways that teachers expect
  35. What is the definition of racism?
    Racism is the belief that all members of each race possess characteristics or abilities specific to that race, as to distinguish it as inferior or superior to another race
  36. Do the terms racism and prejuice mean the same thing?
    No, prejudice means an unfair feeling of dislike for a person or group because of race, sex, religion, etc. a feeling of like or dislike for someone when it is not reasonable or logical.
  37. A racist is someon who has the ______ to carry out his or her prejuices
  38. Intentioanl and unintentional racism may differ, but because they both result it ___________, in the end it does not really matter whether racism and other forms of discrimination are intentional
    Negative outcomes
  39. What are the differences between prejudice, racism, and discrimination?
    Prejudice is the attitudes and beliefs of individuals about entire groups of people, discrimination denotes negative or destructive behaviors that can result in denying some groups their life's necessities as well as privlidges, rights, and opportunities enjoyed by other groups, and racism is discrimination based on race.
  40. True or false- the most common characteristics of effective teachers in urban schools are belief that their students are capable learners and an ability to communicate this belief to the students.
  41. Explain why as educators it is our role to help students "unlearn" racism?
    Before students even come to school they learn about race and racism. At this point they already have formed their opinions about these things based on what they observe at home and from their society. We as teachers might be the only person who teaches them multiculturally and opens their minds to all the terms and facts that go along with race and racism.
  42. What are the effects of schools having policies or practices that do not allow languages other than english?
    Students who speak languages other than english are given a message that their language in not welcome at school. The message that their culture and language are not important is also given. Another disadvantage is that students who do not have english as their first language are not given the same opportunities in school as students who have english as their first language.
  43. What are ways that you can accommodate the quicly changing race and ethnicity groups in your classroom?
    Instead of ignoring diversity, you can recognize it and build a classroom atmosphere that demonstrates a multicultural education. It is important to include history, science, art and culture into your curriculum. On a district level, racism, sexism, social class discrimination, religious prefernce etc. need to not be accepted
  44. What are the predictions form 2000-2050 in terms of ethnic group populations in the united states?
    The white population will not increase at such a high percentage as those populations of color, particularly the latino population. One in three people in the united states are predicted to be hispanic.
  45. What percent of people of the United States speak a language other than english?
  46. What is a way that muilticulural education has been ignored or banned to prevent erosion of the tradional eduation canon?
    In 2010, Arizona eliminated student's ability to take ethnic studies courses.
  47. The No child left behind act was created in 2001 to mandate schools to test their students anually on their abilites in reading, writing, mathematics, science, and history. True or False
  48. In 2010 the obama administration impletmentd the blueprint for reform which allowed states to have more control of their schooling and the fedral governement to not have as much control. True or False
  49. In a couple sentences for each term explain the five assumptions that were set forth by the forum for education and democracy. Equity, teaching, culture, evidence, and community.
    Equity: Each child has the right to an equal and high quality public education. This is one of the rights that has been aspired by people in the U.S. for years. Teaching: schools should be filled with teachers who provide the highest level of education. Both federal and state policy work together to ensure that brilliant, affective, multicultural teachers fill classrooms. Culture: it is important for diverse cultures to be recognized and supported in schools. Public education should encourage diversity in classrooms. Evidence: it is important for scools to use a wide variety of sources to measure student success. The ability to understand how to effectively use this evidence is also importnat. Acommodating to students needs is a way to make students successful. Community: having a community that suports and is included in the schools make for a stronger school and comunity. If the community is brought in and supports students and the district, there will be more succeess financially and educationally.
  50. Teachers are often times put in situations where they have to teach to the big test. What is taken away from students because of the strict standards teachers are expected to follow.
    All of these: recess and physical education, arts, schiences, and history, and a multicultural educations that incorporates diversity.
  51. According to christine sleeter, the difference between standards conscious curriculum and standards drivin curriculum is what?
    Standards conscious curriculum starts with the standard and teachers bulid their curriculum onthe standard. Standard driven curriculum uses the stadard as a tool to creative and engaging instruction.