learning ch3

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Lupita
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24746
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learning ch3
Updated:
2010-06-24 03:02:14
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learning ch3
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Learning and Motivation ch3
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  1. In feedback theory, _____________, is a movement during which the performer continually recieves feedback about whether the movement is proceeding correctly and can adjust his or her behavior in response to this feedback.
    Closed loop or feedback system
  2. A comparison between the actual state of the world and a goal state- it is also used to explain goal directed behavior
    Control Sytems Theory
  3. Name three main characteristics of goal directed behavior:
    • 1. Goal Directed Behavior based upon feedback system
    • 2. The role of he coparator-reference and actual input comparisons
    • 3. Product of an action system is the output
  4. The thermostat setting
    Reference Input:
  5. the thermostat in the example of control systems theory is compared to the _____________?
    Comparator
  6. It's part of the repertoire of all members of a species
    It is not learned
    Once it begins it will continue through completion
    it is triggered by sign stimulus
    Fixed Action Pattern
  7. _______ is a stimulus solicited response.
    A reflex
  8. Name the two types of Tropisms
    • Kineses- random movement
    • Taxes- directive movement
  9. nut-burying behsvior of squirres is an example of ________________________?
    Fixed Action Pattern
  10. Territorial Defense response of male stickleback is an example of _____________________?
    Fixed action pattern
  11. Laying egg behavior of an oyster catcher is an example of __________________?
    Fixed action pattern
  12. If the stimulus is not present, sequence behavior will not occur in the ____________.
    reaction chains
  13. the behavior of a hermit crab is an example of _______________________?
    Reaction Chains
  14. ______________ believed humans came into the world as a blank slate. Also known as Tabula Rasa.
    John Lockley
  15. Abilities and/or behaviors found in all human cultures:
    Human Universals
  16. Name six Human Universals
    • Music
    • Commonalities in language
    • tool making and use
    • Emotion has an inate purpose
    • Death
    • Dancing
    • Jokes
    • Formation of societal rules
  17. _____________ is the simplest form of learning.
    Habituation
  18. ___________________ is a decrease in the strength of the response after repeated stimulus presentations.
    Habituation
  19. Turning your head when you hear a gun shot is an example of an ______________.
    Orienting Responce
  20. What is the function of habituation?
    It allows the individual to ignore insignificant stimuli that are readily encountered
  21. What are the general principles of Habituation?
    • 1.Course of Habituation
    • 2.Effects of time
    • 3.Relearning Effects
    • 4.Effects of stimulus Intensity
    • 5.Effects of overlearning
    • 6.Stimulus Generalization

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