Chapter 9 AP Gov Vocab

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Chapter 9 AP Gov Vocab
2013-11-18 04:08:37
Chapter AP Gov Vocab

Campaigns and Elections
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  1. Winner-take-all system
    an election system in which the candidate with the most votes wins
  2. Single-member district
    an electoral district in which voters choose one representative or official
  3. Proportional Representation
    an election system in which each party running receives the proportion of legislative seats corresponding to its proportion of the vote
  4. Electoral College
    The electoral system used in electing the president and vice president, in which voters vote for electors pledged to cast their ballots for a particular party’s candidates
  5. Safe Seat
    an elected office that is predictably won by one part or the other, so the success of that party’s candidate is almost taken for granted
  6. Coattail effect
    the boost that candidates may get in an election because of the popularity of candidates above them on the ballot, especially the president
  7. Candidate Appeal
    the tendency in elections to focus on the personal attributes of a candidate, such as his or her strengths, weaknesses, background, experience and visibility
  8. National Tide
    the inclination to focus on national issues, rather than local issues, in an election campaign. The impact of a national tide can be reduced by the nature of the candidates on the ballot who may have differentiated themselves from their party or its leader if the tide is negative, as well as competition in the election
  9. Name Recognition
    Incumbents have an advantage over challengers in election campaigns because voters are more familiar with them, and incumbents are more recognizable
  10. Caucus
    a meeting of local party members to choose party officials or candidates for public office and to decide the platform
  11. National Party Convention
    a national meeting of delegates elected in primaries, caucuses, or state conventions who assemble once every four years to nominate candidates for president and VP, ratify the platform, elect officers and adopt rules
  12. Federal Election Commission
    a commission created by the 1974 amendments to the Federal Election Campaign Act to administer election reform laws. It consists of six commissioners appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate. Its duties include overseeing disclosure of campaign finance information, public funding of presidential elections, and enforcing contribution limits