Muscles of lower appendage

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Author:
BrOleg
ID:
247505
Filename:
Muscles of lower appendage
Updated:
2013-11-18 09:25:09
Tags:
anatomy
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  1. major hip flexor
    iliopsoas muscle (psoas major, illiacus)
  2. prime hip extensor and lateral rotation at hip
    Gluteus maximus
  3. laterally brace the Knee.
    Iliotibial band
  4. Most laterally rotate the hip
    All except: Gluteus medius and Gluteus minimus which medially rotates
  5. Lateral Rotator Group
    Piriformis, Obturator internus, Obturator externus
  6. Adductor Group
    Pectineus, Adductor brevis, Adductor longus, Adductor magnus, Gracilis
  7. Flexors of knee
    Biceps femoris, Semitendinosus,Semimembranosus (Hamstring muscle). & Sartorius(longest muscle)
  8. extends knee joint
    Vastus intermedius, Vastus lateralis, Vastus medialis, Rectus femoris (quadriceps femoris).
  9. flexion (dorsiflexion) at ankle and inverts foot
    Tibialis anterior
  10. extension of big toe
    Extensor hallucis longus
  11. extension of toes 2- 5
    Extensor digitorum longus
  12. extension (plantar flexion) at ankle
    Gastrocnemius, Soleus (Calve muscle)
  13. attaches these muscles to heel bone
    Calcaneal tendon (achilles tendon)
  14. plantar flexors
    Flexor digitorum longus, Tibialis posterior, and Flexor hallucis longus
  15. unlocks the knee joint for knee flexion.
    Popliteus
  16. plantar flex and evert the foot (lateral side of leg)
    Fibularis longus and brevis
  17. Ankle Extensors
    Gastrocnemius lateral head, Fibularis longus, Soleus, Fibularis brevis
  18. Digital Extensors
    Extensor digitorum longus, Tendon of extensor hallucis longus
  19. What is the only muscle that extend the toes?
    extensor digitorum brevis

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