Cycle 2 History.txt
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Tell me about what spurred the Industrial Revolution.
Watt's steam engine, Cartwright's power loom, & Whitney's cotton gin spurred the Industrial Revolution, that began in the 1760's.
Tell me about the world leaders of WWI.
Clemenceau of France, Lloyd George of England, & Nicholas II of Russia, Wilhelm II of Germany, & Wilson of the U.S. were leaders during WWI.
Tell me about Charlemagne.
In 800 A.D., during the medieval period, Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne Holy Roman Emperor of Europe.
Tell me about the Crusades.
Eleanor of Aquitaine & her son, Richard the Lion-Hearted fought the Turks for Jersualem during the time of the Crusades, which occurred from 1095-1291.
Tell me about the Hundred Years' War.
During the 100 Years' War, Joan of Arc & King Charles VII led the French to defeat England at the Battle of Orleans. In the late 1340's, fleas on rats carried the Plague, which killed 1 out of 3 Europeans.
Tell me about the end of the Cold War.
In the 1980's, British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher & U.S. President Ronald Reagan worked together to end the Cold War, lessen big governmenf, & strengthen the Conservative Movement.
Tell me about the leaders of WWII.
WWII Axis leaders were Hitler of Germany, Tojo of Japan, & Mussolini of Italy. WWII Ally leaders were Churchill of England, Roosevelt, Eisenhower, & MacArthur of the U.S., & Stalin of the U.S.S.R.
Tell me about the Korean War.
In 1950, General Douglas MacArthur led UN troops to stop Communist N. Korea from capturing all of S. Korea during the Korean War.
Tell me about the Vietnam War.
During the Vietnam War, in 1965, President Johnson sent US troops to stop Communist N. Vietnam from capturing all of S. Vietnam.
Tell me about the Gulf War.
- In 1990, President Bush sent troops to the Persian Gulf to expel Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein from Kuwait during
- the Gulf War.
Tell me about the Battle of Waterloo.
Napoleon Bonaparte of the French Empire was defeated at the Battle of Waterloo by British General Wellington soon after the War of 1812 in the U. S.
Tell me about William the Conqueror.
After the church split into Roman Catholic & Eastern Orthodox, William the Conqueror defeated King Harold of England in 1066 & started feudalism.
Tell me about the Protestant Reformation.
- In 1517, Martin Luther began
- the Protestant Reformation by printing the 95 Theses that made Pope Leo X excommunicate him. Later, John Calvin joined the Reformation.
Tell me about the Renaissance.
During the Renaissance period, from 1350-1600, Da Vinci was a famous inventor, Shakespeare was a famous playwright, Michelangelo was a famous artist, and Copernicus was a famous scientist.
Tell me about the history of Russia.
900's, 1400's, 1700's: 900- Vladimir I brought Christianity to Russia in the 900's. In the late 1400's, Czar Ivan the Great built the Kremlin in Moscow... 1700's- Catherine the Great expanded & westernized Russia in the late 1700's.
Tell me about the Magna Carta.
English King John signed the Magna Carta in 1215 limiting the king's power. Later, England's King Edward III claimed to be King of France & began the 100 Years' War in 1337.
Tell me about the formation of the United Nations.
In 1945, after the League of Nations failed to prevent WWII, American President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Churchill, & USSR President Stalin began the United Nations.
Tell me about the countries involved in WWI.
During WWI, Great Britain, France, & Russia were Allies and fought against Austria-Hungary & Germany, which were called the Central Powers.
Tell me about the French Revolution.
In 1789, the French Revolution began when citizens stormed the Bastille and fought for the Declaration of the Rights of Man. Later, during the Reign of Terror, the aristocrats' heads were removed by the guillotine.
Tell me about how WWII began.
WWII began in 1939 when Hitler invaded Poland. Two engagements that helped the U.S. win the Pacific Front were the Battle of Midway & dropping atomic bombs on Hiroshima & Nagasaki in 1945.
Tell me about free elections in South Africa.
In 1994, South African President De Klerk allowed free elections. Nelson Mandela became the 1st black president, demonstrating apartheid was ending.
Tell me about the fall of communism in Eastern Europe.
In 1989, the communist dictators began to fall in Eastern Europe when Soviet President Gorbachev refused to back them up with military force.
Tell me about the Age of the Absolute Monarchs.
Between the 1500's & 1700's, Henry VIII of England, Louis XIV of France, & Phillip II of Spain, & Peter the Great of Russia, & Fredrick the Great of Prussia ruled during the age of absolute monarchs.
Tell me about European exploration.
Between the late 1400's and the mid-1500's, Diaz rounded the Cape of Good Hope, Amerigo Vespucci sailed to the Americas. Balboa crossed Central America to the Pacific, Magellan's crew sailed around the globe, & Coronado explored the American Southwest.
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