At the height of his career, Rogers engaged in a series of debates with
As a young boy, Rogers
Was shy and frequently teased by his older brothers and sisters.
Rogers described the formative tendency as the tendency for
matter to evolve from simpler to more complex forms.
Rogers believed that all behavior relates to one's
Healthy people evaluate their experiences as good or bad according to this criterion
the actualizing tendency
In Rogerian theory, the actualization tendency
Refers to the person's organismic experiences
Inner tension arises, Roger said, when a conflict exists between the
self-actualization tendency and the organismic self
A discrepancy between the self-concept and the ideal self results in
Taylor's parents praise her whenever her behavior meets with their standards. However, they punish Taylor when her behavior fails to meet with their approval. From this information it appears that Taylor is experiencing
conditions of worth
Tyler has a negative view of himself. To increase his self-concept, his parents and teachers continually praise and compliment him. Rogers believed that such praise and compliments are most likely to
be distorted by Tyler
Carl Rogers' parents were teachers, and they encouraged him to become a teacher.
Rogers' theory of personality grew out of his experiences as a psychotherapist
Rogers' approach to psychotherapy is most accurately called nondirective
As a schoolboy, Rogers became interested in scientific farming, an interest that contributed to his later research abilities.
After receiving his PhD, Rogers spent more than 10 years in clinical practice, mostly isolated from the academic community, and this isolation helped him develop an approach to therapy that was unique.
According to Rogers, all living organisms possess the actualizing tendency
Once the self-concept is formed, change becomes difficult
Self-actualization is a subsystem of the actualizing tendency
In Rogerian theory, the actualizing tendency refers to the person's organismic or physiological experiences.
Rogers believed that healthy people adjust their organismic self in order to make it congruent with their ideal self
Rogers wanted to be a ____ after he graduated from the University of Wisconsin, but he switched to psychology when he went to Columbia University.
Roger's system of therapy is called ____, and his theory of personality can be called person-centered.
The ____ tendency suggests that people tend to move toward completion or fulfillment of potentials
The ____ tendencysuggests that all matter tends to evolve from simpler to more complex forms.
A state of ____ exists when the organismic self, the perceived self, and the ideal self are in harmony.
To Rogers, the real self and the ____ self are the same concept.
Rogers believed that each of us has an ____ self, that is, a picture of our self as we would wish to be.
Discrepancies between the ____ and the organismic self results in incongruence.
People often deny or ____ both positive and negative experiences because these experiences threaten an established self-concept.
A discrepancy between self-concept and organismic experiences is called ____.
Bandura believes that human functioning is a product of the mutual interaction of person, environment, and
Bandura's social cognitive theory takes ____ perspective.
Bandura first became interested in clinical psychology when he
worked on the Alaska highway after graduation from high school.
Bandura believes that learning
Can occur in the absence of a response
According to Bandura, there are two major types of learning-- observational and
Modeling is enhanced when teh person being modeled is
According to Bandura, reinforcement
is cognitively mediated.
According to Bandura, the essence of humanness is
The primary component of Bandura's P factor is
Chance encounters enter the triadic reciprocal causation paradigm at this point.
Bandura's social cognitive theory assumes that people have the capability to exercise some control over their lives
Compared with Skinner, Bandura has developed a much more cognitive theory.
Bandura believes that chance plays a role in people's environment and behavior.
Basic to Bandura's social cognitive theory is the assumption that consistency of behavior is the outstanding characteristic of humans.
Compared to Skinner, Bandura places more emphasis on observational learning
Bandura's triadic reciprocal causation notion assumes that behavior is the product of two variables-- heredity and environment
Most of our chance encounters have a significant and permanent impact on our personalities.
Bandura believes that personality is mostly the product of heredity.
In Bandura's triadic reciprocal causation hypothesis, all three factors typically make equal or nearly equal contributions to action.
Chance encounters and fortuitous events enter the triadic reciprocal causation model at the point of behavior.
Bandura's ____ reciprocal causation determinism model assumes that personality is shaped by an interaction of person, behavior, and environment.
A _____ encounter is an unintended meeting of persons unfamiliar to each other.
A ____ event is an environmental experience that is unexpected and unintended.
If behavior was completely a function of the ____, Bandura believes it would be much more varied and less consistent.
The core of observational learning is ____.
Adolescents are most likely to model ____ people.
The first process governing observational learning is ____.
Bandura believes that ____ factors, such as memory and foresight, give some unity to personality.
Self-____ refers to our beliefs about our capabilities to exercise control over events that affect our lives.
Those expectations that refer to the likely consequences of our behavior are called ____.