Personality test Bandura and Rogers

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apalmer
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Personality test Bandura and Rogers
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2013-11-19 04:45:36
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Theories Personality Bandura Rogers
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Dr. B's Theory of Personality test flashcards
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  1. At the height of his career, Rogers engaged in a series of debates with
    BF Skinner
  2. As a young boy, Rogers
    Was shy and frequently teased by his older brothers and sisters.
  3. Rogers described the formative tendency as the tendency for
    matter to evolve from simpler to more complex forms.
  4. Rogers believed that all behavior relates to one's
    actualizing tendency
  5. Healthy people evaluate their experiences as good or bad according to this criterion
    the actualizing tendency
  6. In Rogerian theory, the actualization tendency
    Refers to the person's organismic experiences
  7. Inner tension arises, Roger said, when a conflict exists between the
    self-actualization tendency and the organismic self
  8. A discrepancy between the self-concept and the ideal self results in
    incongruence
  9. Taylor's parents praise her whenever her behavior meets with their standards.  However, they punish Taylor when her behavior fails to meet with their approval. From this information it appears that Taylor is experiencing
    conditions of worth
  10. Tyler has a negative view of himself. To increase his self-concept, his parents and teachers continually praise and compliment him. Rogers believed that such praise and compliments are most likely to
    be distorted by Tyler
  11. Carl Rogers' parents were teachers, and they encouraged him to become a teacher.
    False
  12. Rogers' theory of personality grew out of his experiences as a psychotherapist
    True
  13. Rogers' approach to psychotherapy is most accurately called nondirective
    False
  14. As a schoolboy, Rogers became interested in scientific farming, an interest that contributed to his later research abilities.
    True
  15. After receiving his PhD, Rogers spent more than 10 years in clinical practice, mostly isolated from the academic community, and this isolation helped him develop an approach to therapy that was unique.
    True
  16. According to Rogers, all living organisms possess the actualizing tendency
    True
  17. Once the self-concept is formed, change becomes difficult
    True
  18. Self-actualization is a subsystem of the actualizing tendency
    True
  19. In Rogerian theory, the actualizing tendency refers to the person's organismic or physiological experiences.
    True
  20. Rogers believed that healthy people adjust their organismic self in order to make it congruent with their ideal self
    False
  21. Rogers wanted to be a ____ after he graduated from the University of Wisconsin, but he switched to psychology when he went to Columbia University.
    Minister
  22. Roger's system of therapy is called ____, and his theory of personality can be called person-centered.
    Client-centered
  23. The ____ tendency suggests that people tend to move toward completion or fulfillment of potentials
    Actualization
  24. The ____ tendencysuggests that all matter tends to evolve from simpler to more complex forms.
    Formative
  25. A state of ____ exists when the organismic self, the perceived self, and the ideal self are in harmony.
    Congruence
  26. To Rogers, the real self and the ____ self are the same concept.
    Organismic
  27. Rogers believed that each of us has an ____ self, that is, a picture of our self as we would wish to be.
    ideal
  28. Discrepancies between the ____ and the organismic self results in incongruence.
    Self-concept
  29. People often deny or ____ both positive and negative experiences because these experiences threaten an established self-concept.
    Distort
  30. A discrepancy between self-concept and organismic experiences is called ____.
    Incongruence
  31. Bandura believes that human functioning is a product of the mutual interaction of person, environment, and
    Behavior
  32. Bandura's social cognitive theory takes ____ perspective.
    an agentic
  33. Bandura first became interested in clinical psychology when he
    worked on the Alaska highway after graduation from high school.
  34. Bandura believes that learning
    Can occur in the absence of a response
  35. According to Bandura, there are two major types of learning-- observational and
    enactive
  36. Modeling is enhanced when teh person being modeled is
    Attractive
  37. According to Bandura, reinforcement
    is cognitively mediated.
  38. According to Bandura, the essence of humanness is
    human agency
  39. The primary component of Bandura's P factor is
    Cognition
  40. Chance encounters enter the triadic reciprocal causation paradigm at this point.
    Environment
  41. Bandura's social cognitive theory assumes that people have the capability to exercise some control over their lives
    True
  42. Compared with Skinner, Bandura has developed a much more cognitive theory.
    True
  43. Bandura believes that chance plays a role in people's environment and behavior.
    True
  44. Basic to Bandura's social cognitive theory is the assumption that consistency of behavior is the outstanding characteristic of humans.
    False
  45. Compared to Skinner, Bandura places more emphasis on observational learning
    True
  46. Bandura's triadic reciprocal causation notion assumes that behavior is the product of two variables-- heredity and environment
    False
  47. Most of our chance encounters have a significant and permanent impact on our personalities.
    False
  48. Bandura believes that personality is mostly the product of heredity.
    False
  49. In Bandura's triadic reciprocal causation hypothesis, all three factors typically make equal or nearly equal contributions to action.
    False
  50. Chance encounters and fortuitous events enter the triadic reciprocal causation model at the point of behavior.
    False
  51. Bandura's ____ reciprocal causation determinism model assumes that personality is shaped by an interaction of person, behavior, and environment.
    triadic
  52. A _____ encounter is an unintended meeting of persons unfamiliar to each other.
    chance
  53. A ____ event is an environmental experience that is unexpected and unintended.
    Fortuitous
  54. If behavior was completely a function of the ____, Bandura believes it would be much more varied and less consistent.
    environment
  55. The core of observational learning is ____.
    Modeling
  56. Adolescents are most likely to model ____ people.
    high-status
  57. The first process governing observational learning is ____.
    attention
  58. Bandura believes that ____ factors, such as memory and foresight, give some unity to personality.
    cognitive
  59. Self-____ refers to our beliefs about our capabilities to exercise control over events that affect our lives.
    efficacy
  60. Those expectations that refer to the likely consequences of our behavior are called ____.
    outcome

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