Chapter 8.txt

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jilltran
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247733
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Chapter 8.txt
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2013-11-18 23:19:54
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Digestive System
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Digestive System, Chapter 8
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  1. absorpt/o
    to suck in
  2. aliment/o
    • nourishment
    • ex. hyperalimentation: process of excessive nourishment; IV infustion of solution to sustain life
  3. amyl/o
    • starch
    • ex. amylase - enzyme that breaks down starch. Ptyalin is a salivary amylase / amylopsin is a pancreatic amylase
  4. anabol/o
    • building up
    • ex. anabolism: building up of the body substance in the constructive phase of metabolism.
  5. appendic/o & append/o
    • appendix
    • ex. appendicitis: inflammtin of the appendix
  6. catabol/o
    • a casting down
    • ex: catabolism: a casting down, breaking down of complex substances into more basic elements
  7. cheil/o & labi/o
    • lip
    • ex. cheilosis: abnormal lip condition
  8. cirrh/o
    • orange-yellow
    • ex. cirrhosis: liver diseas characterized by changes in the lobs; parenchymal cells & lobules are infiltrated with fat
  9. chol/e
    • gall, bile
    • ex. cholecystitis: inflammation of the gallbladder
  10. col/o & colon/o
    • colon
    • ex. colostomy: creation of a new opening into the colon
  11. cyst/o
    • bladder
    • ex. cholecystectomy: surgical excision of the gallbladder
  12. defecat
    • to remove
    • ex. defecation: evacuation of the bowel
  13. duoden/o
    duepdenum
  14. enter/o
    intestine
  15. esphage/o
    esophagus
  16. gastr/o
    stomach
  17. gingiv/o
    gums
  18. gloss/o & lingu/o
    tongue
  19. hepat/o
    liver
  20. ile/o
    ileum
  21. pancreat/o
    • pancreas
    • EX. pancreatitis: inflammation of the pancreas
  22. pharyng/e
    pharynx
  23. proct/o
    anus and recum
  24. pylor/o
    • pylorus, gatekeeper
    • ex. pyloric sphincter:
  25. rect/o
    rectum
  26. sigmoid/o
    sigmoid
  27. stomat/o
    mouth
  28. -stomy
    • new opening
    • ex. colostomy: creation of a new opening into the colon
  29. -emesis
    • vomiting
    • ex. hematemesis: vomiting of blood
  30. -pepsia
    • to digest
    • ex. dyspepsia: difficulty in digestion (indigestion)
  31. -phagia
    • to eat
    • ex. dysphagia: difficulty in swallowing
  32. -cele
    • hernia
    • rectocele: hernia of part of the rectum into the vagina
  33. volvul
    • to roll
    • ex. volvulus: twisting of the bowel on itself that causes an obstruction.
  34. Gavage
    to feed liquid or semiliquid food via a tube
  35. lavage
    to wash out cavity
  36. hemoatochezia
    passage of stools that contain blood
  37. 4 Functions of Digestive System
    1. ingestion 2. digestion 3. absorption 4. elimination
  38. Parental Nutrition
    food directly into the intestine or via IV
  39. Peristalsis
    rythmic contraction that begins in the esophagus and moves to the end of the GI; wave like muscular contraction but not strong enough to break down food.
  40. Name 4 accessory organs
    1. salivary gland 2.liver (largest) 3.pancreas 4.gallbladder
  41. 3 parts of small intestine
    1.Duodenum 2.Jejunum 3.ileum
  42. Hiatal Hernia
    upper part of stomach moves up into the chest through a small opening in the diaphragm.
  43. Inguinal Hernia
    loop of intestine enters the inguinal canal
  44. deglutition
    act or process of swallowing
  45. ac (ante cibum)
    before meals
  46. Ba
    barium
  47. BE
    barium enema
  48. BS
    bowel sounds
  49. GB
    gallbladder
  50. GERD
    Gastroesophageal Reflux desease
  51. GI
    gastrointestinal
  52. GTT
    glucose tolerance test
  53. HCl
    hydrochloric acid
  54. IBS
    irritable bowel syndrome
  55. LES
    lower esophageal sphincter
  56. NG
    nasogastric
  57. O&P
    ova and parasites
  58. pc (post cibum)
    after meals
  59. PP (post prandial)
    after meals
  60. PUD
    peptic ulcer disease
  61. TPN
    total parenterall nutrition
  62. UGI
    upper gastrointestinal

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