World Lit Greek Gods

The flashcards below were created by user Sbjohnson on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. Zeus
    • Roman name: Jupiter
    • God of the sky and the king of Olympus.
    • His temper affected the weather, and he threw thunderbolts when he was unhappy.
    • He was married to Hera but had many other lovers.
    • Symbols: the oak and the thunderbolt.
  2. Hera
    • Roman name: Juno
    • Goddess of marriage and the queen of Olympus.
    • She was Zeus's wife and sister; many myths tell of how she sought revenge when Zeus betrayed her with his lovers.
    • Symbols: the peacock and the cow.
  3. Poseidon
    • Roman name: Neptune
    • God of the sea.
    • He lived in a beautiful palace under the sea and caused earthquakes when he was in a temper.
    • Symbols: the horse and the trident (a three-pronged pitchfork).
  4. Hades
    • Roman name: Pluto, Orcus
    • King of the dead.
    • He lived in the underworld, the heavily guarded land where he ruled over the dead.
    • He was the brother of Zeus and the husband of Persephone, Demeter's daughter, whom he kidnapped.
  5. Hestia
    • Roman name: Vulcan
    • God of fire and the forge (a furnace in which metal is heated).
    • Although he made armor and weapons for the gods, he loved peace.
    • Symbols: the anvil and the forge.
  6. Ares
    • Roman name: Mars
    • God of war. He was both cruel and a coward. Ares was the son of Zeus and Hera, but neither of his parents liked him.
    • Symbols: the vulture and the dog, and he often carried a bloody spear.
  7. Athena
    • Roman name: Minerva
    • Goddess of wisdom.
    • She was also skilled in the art of war, and helped heroes such as Odysseus and Hercules. Athena sprang full-grown from the forehead of Zeus, and became his favorite child.
    • Symbols: the owl and the olive tree.
  8. Aphrodite
    • Roman name: Venus
    • Goddess of love and beauty, and the protector of sailors.
    • Symbols: the myrtle tree and the dove.
  9. Hermes
    • Roman name: Mercury
    • Messenger god, a trickster, and a friend to thieves.
    • The speediest of all, he wore winged sandals and a winged hat and carried a magic wand.


    • Roman name: Diana
    • Goddess of the hunt and the protector of women in childbirth.
    • She hunted with silver arrows and loved all wild animals.
    • Symbols: the cypress tree and the deer.
  10. Hephaestus
    • Roman name: Vulcan
    • God of fire and the forge (a furnace in which metal is heated).
    • Although he made armor and weapons for the gods, he loved peace.
    • Symbols: the anvil and the forge.
  11. Cronus
    • Roman name: Saturn
    • Titan; god of harvests
    • Dethroned by his son Zeus.
  12. Charon
    Boatman on Styx who carried souls of dead to Hades
  13. Medusa
    Slain by Perseus, who cut off her head.
  14. Chaos
    • Formless void
    • Personified as first of gods.
  15. Rhea
    • Roman name: Ops
    • Daughter of Uranus and Gaea
    • Wife of Cronus
    • Mother of Zeus
  16. Cerberus
    Three-headed dog guarding entrance to Hades
  17. Demeter
    • Roman name: Ceres
    • Goddess of agriculture
    • Mother of Persephone.
    • Symbols: Wheat
  18. Prometheus
    • Titan
    • Stole fire from heaven for man.
    • Zeus punished him by chaining him to rock in Caucasus where vultures devoured his liver daily.
  19. Cupid
    • God of love.
    • Son of Aphrodite.
  20. Dionysus
    • Roman name: Bacchus
    • God of wine, which he invented.
    • Symbols: ivy, the snake, and grapes.
  21. Apollo
    • God of music and healing.
    • Symbols: the laurel tree, the crow, and the dolphin.
  22. Pandora
    • Opener of box containing human ills
    • Mortal wife of Epimetheus.
  23. Perseus
    • Slew Medusa
    • Rescued Andromeda from monster and married her.
  24. Echo
    • Nymph who fell hopelessly in love with Narcissus
    • Faded away except for her voice.
  25. Psyche
    • Beloved of Eros (cupid)
    • Punished by jealous Aphrodite; made immortal and united with Eros.
  26. IO
    • Mortal maiden loved by Zeus
    • Changed by Hera into a cow
  27. Europa
    Mortal loved by Zeus, who, in form of white bull, carried her off to Crete.
  28. Narcissus
    • Beautiful youth loved by Echo
    • In punishment for not returning her love, he was made to fall in love with his image reflected in pool
    • Became a flower.
  29. Hyacinth
    Beautiful youth accidentally killed by Apollo, who caused flower to spring up from his blood.
  30. Pyramus
    • Babylonian youth
    • Made love to Thisbe through hole in wall
    • Thinking Thisbe slain by lion, killed himself
  31. Hercules
    • Roman name: Herakles
    • Hero and strong man
    • Son of Zeus and Alcmene
    • Performed twelve labors or deeds to be free from bondage under Eurystheus
    • After death, his mortal share was destroyed, and he became immortal.
  32. Daedalus
    • Athenian artificer
    • Devised wings attached with wax for him and Icarus to escape Crete.
  33. Atlanta
    • Left her on a mountain top to die.
    • Artemis sent a "she-bear" to raise her.
    • When she was still young, a group of hunters found her and trained her to be an excellent huntress. She was also the fastest runner in Greece.
  34. Thisbe
    Beloved of Pyramus; killed herself at his death.
  35. Orpheus
    Famed musician; son of Apollo and Muse Calliope; husband of Eurydice.
  36. Pygmalion
    • King of Cyprus
    • Carved ivory statue of maiden which Aphrodite gave life as Galatea.
  37. Bellerophon
    • Corinthian hero
    • Killed Chimera with aid of Pegasus
    • Tried to reach Olympus on Pegasus and was thrown to his death.
  38. Daphne
    • Nymph pursued by Apollo
    • Changed to laurel tree.
  39. Theseus
    • Son of Aegeus
    • Slew Minotaur
  40. Jason
    • Son of Aeson
    • To gain throne of Ioclus from Pelias, went to Colchis and brought back Golden Fleece
    • Married Medea...deserted her for CreĆ¼sa.
  41. The Muses
    • Goddesses presiding over arts and sciences
    • Calliope (epic poetry), Clio (history), Erato (lyric and love poetry), Euterpe (music), Melpomene (tragedy), Polymnia or Polyhymnia (sacred poetry), Terpsichore (choral dance and song), Thalia (comedy and bucolic poetry), Urania (astronomy); daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne.
  42. Adonis
    Beautiful mortal loved by Aphrodite.
Card Set:
World Lit Greek Gods
2013-11-19 08:05:50
World Lit Greek Gods

World Lit Greek Gods
Show Answers: