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What are the responsibilities of horse owners?
- provide reasonable care
- maintain facilities and equipment
- utilize sound contracts when boarding
What is most important when building horse facilities?
What is least important when building horse facilities?
eye appeal (aesthetics)
Are pastures necessary?
no but you need to provide quality food and exercise
How much pasture is required per horse?
- depends if you need it for exercise or food
- 1 1/2 acres per horse per month if it is the nutrient source
Why are horses detrimental to pasture lands?
How is grass quality determined in pastures?
type of grass & rotation
How much of the pasture will be consumed?
2-2 1/2% of body weight
What are the advantages of keeping a horse in pasture?
food and exercise horse
What is the disadvantage of keeping a horse in pasture?
How high do fences need to be?
wither height + 6 inches or 5 feet
What is standardly used for fencing?
post and poles
How do post and pole fences need to be built?
- 3 poles high for mature horses, 4 poles high for younger horses
- 8" between poles in younger horses, 12" between poles for mature horses
Where are jack leg fences found?
rocky areas like Wyoming
What is the purpose of hot wire fences?
minimize direct contact
How do breeding facilities minimize contact?
What fences have the biggest maintenance costs?
- post and board
- horses damage them by biting, cribbing and kicking
What is good about post and wire fences?
- expensive but used by multiple species
- need small enough gaps between wire so horses can't kick through
What is good about pipe fences?
- portable and easy to move
- expensive but durable
What is good about polymer/plastic fences?
- last a long time
- eye appealing
What is bad about plastic fences?
- easily shatter when kicked by horse
- expensive to replace
What is good about polymer fences?
- flexible so won't cause injuries
- easy to fix and clean
What is good about electric fences?
What can fences be made out of?
- post and wire
- post and board
- post and poles
How wide should gates be?
people gates: 2-3 ft wide
How wide should livestock gates be?
Why do barns need good ventilation?
- remove ammonia and stale air
- control external parasites
How big should sheds be?
- 60-144 sq ft
- avg 10' x 10' per horse
- 10' to 12' deep, 9' high
How wide should alley ways and entrances be?
Why is it not ideal to store hay where horses are housed?
- Fire hazards
- affects ventilation
Why is ventilation important?
- Minimize respiratory distress
- eliminate flies and other pests
What are the requirements for tie stalls?
- 4 ft high dividers
- 3-4 ft wide
- longer than length of horse
What are the requirements for box stalls?
- 10' x 10' minimum
- 12' x 12' average
- 14' x 14' stud stalls
- 14' x 14' or 14' x 16' for mare and foal stalls
- 9' ceiling height
Which way should doors and gates always swing?
How high should windows be?
High enough they can't jump out
What is bad about dirt flooring?
- Harbor disease
- Horses dig holes
What is needed on concrete floors?
Bedding or rubber mats
What is bad about wooden flooring?
Urine and manure deteriorate it over time
What can be used for bedding?
- wood chips
- shredded newspaper
- peat moss
- peanut hulls