Facilities

Card Set Information

Author:
alyssau12
ID:
247822
Filename:
Facilities
Updated:
2013-11-19 15:18:37
Tags:
Horse Production Test
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Description:
test 3
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The flashcards below were created by user alyssau12 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. What are the responsibilities of horse owners?
    • provide reasonable care
    • maintain facilities and equipment
    • utilize sound contracts when boarding
  2. What is most important when building horse facilities?
    safety
  3. What is least important when building horse facilities?
    eye appeal (aesthetics)
  4. Are pastures necessary?
    no but you need to provide quality food and exercise
  5. How much pasture is required per horse?
    • depends if you need it for exercise or food
    • 1 1/2 acres per horse per month if it is the nutrient source
  6. Why are horses detrimental to pasture lands?
    • eating habits
    • hooves
  7. How is grass quality determined in pastures?
    type of grass & rotation
  8. How much of the pasture will be consumed?
    2-2 1/2% of body weight
  9. What are the advantages of keeping a horse in pasture?
    food and exercise horse
  10. What is the disadvantage of keeping a horse in pasture?
    overgrazing
  11. How high do fences need to be?
    wither height + 6 inches or 5 feet
  12. What is standardly used for fencing?
    post and poles
  13. How do post and pole fences need to be built?
    • 3 poles high for mature horses, 4 poles high for younger horses
    • 8" between poles in younger horses, 12" between poles for mature horses
  14. Where are jack leg fences found?
    rocky areas like Wyoming
  15. What is the purpose of hot wire fences?
    minimize direct contact
  16. How do breeding facilities minimize contact?
    with alleyaways
  17. What fences have the biggest maintenance costs?
    • post and board
    • horses damage them by biting, cribbing and kicking
  18. What is good about post and wire fences?
    • expensive but used by multiple species
    • need small enough gaps between wire so horses can't kick through
  19. What is good about pipe fences?
    • portable and easy to move
    • expensive but durable
  20. What is good about polymer/plastic fences?
    • last a long time
    • eye appealing
  21. What is bad about plastic fences?
    • easily shatter when kicked by horse
    • expensive to replace
  22. What is good about polymer fences?
    • flexible so won't cause injuries
    • easy to fix and clean
    • durable
  23. What is good about electric fences?
    poratable
  24. What can fences be made out of?
    • electric
    • polymer/plastic
    • post and wire
    • pipe
    • post and board
    • post and poles
  25. How wide should gates be?
    people gates: 2-3 ft wide
  26. How wide should livestock gates be?
    12ft wide
  27. Why do barns need good ventilation?
    • remove ammonia and stale air
    • control external parasites
  28. How big should sheds be?
    • 60-144 sq ft
    • avg 10' x 10' per horse
    • 10' to 12' deep, 9' high
  29. How wide should alley ways and entrances be?
    12 ft
  30. Why is it not ideal to store hay where horses are housed?
    • Fire hazards
    • affects ventilation
  31. Why is ventilation important?
    • Minimize respiratory distress
    • eliminate flies and other pests
  32. What are the requirements for tie stalls?
    • 4 ft high dividers
    • 3-4 ft wide
    • longer than length of horse
  33. What are the requirements for box stalls?
    • 10' x 10' minimum
    • 12' x 12' average
    • 14' x 14' stud stalls
    • 14' x 14' or 14' x 16' for mare and foal stalls
    • 9' ceiling height
  34. Which way should doors and gates always swing?
    Out
  35. How high should windows be?
    High enough they can't jump out
  36. What is bad about dirt flooring?
    • Harbor disease
    • Horses dig holes
  37. What is needed on concrete floors?
    Bedding or rubber mats
  38. What is bad about wooden flooring?
    Urine and manure deteriorate it over time
  39. What can be used for bedding?
    • Sawdust
    • shavings
    • wood chips
    • shredded newspaper
    • straw
    • peat moss
    • peanut hulls

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