M.T. Chapter 15 - Nervous System

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ams217
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247842
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M.T. Chapter 15 - Nervous System
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2013-11-19 14:16:28
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Nervous System
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Nervous System
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  1. protective mechanism that blocks specific substances found in the bloodstream from entering delicate brain tissue
    blood brain barrier (BBB)
  2. the four major structures of the brain
    • cerebrum
    • cerebellum
    • diencephalon
    • brainstem
  3. membranous coverings that provide limited protection to the brain and spinal cord; made up of the dura mater, arachnoid and pia mater
    meninges
  4. brain (CF)
    encephal/o
  5. glue; neurological tissue (CF)
    gli/o
  6. meninges (CF)
    • mening/o
    • meningi/o
  7. bone marrow; spinal cord (CF)
    myel/o
  8. nerve (CF)
    neur/o
  9. pain (suffix)
    • -algesia
    • -algia
  10. weakness, debility (suffix)
    -asthenia
  11. feeling (suffix)
    -esthesia
  12. partial paralysis (suffix)
    -paresis
  13. speech (suffix)
    -phasia
  14. paralysis (suffix)
    -plegia
  15. order, coordination (suffix)
    -taxia
  16. near, beside; beyond (prefix)
    para-
  17. union, together, joined (prefix)
    syn-
  18. one (prefix)
    uni-
  19. stroke
    cerebrovascular accident (CVA)
  20. weakness, debility, or loss of strength
    asthenia
  21. lack of muscle coordination in the execution of voluntary movement
    ataxia
  22. brief loss of consciousness and posture caused by a temporary decrease of blood flow to the brain; fainting
    syncope
  23. fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord
    cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
  24. radiographic image of the inside of a blood vessel after injection of a contrast medium
    angiography
  25. radiographic examination to detect pathology of the spinal cord, including the location of a spinal cord injury, cysts, and tumors following injection of a contrast medium
    myelography
  26. two structures of the central nervous system (CNS)
    • brain
    • spinal cord
  27. most common type of CNS tumors
    metastatic tumors
  28. of primary tumors of the nervous system, what percent involves the brain and what percent involves the spinal cord?
    • 80% brain
    • 20% spinal cord
  29. behind leukemia, this is the second leading cause of death in children
    brain tumors
  30. clinical presentation of brain tumors
    • headache
    • seizures
    • difficulty with balance
    • vision problems
    • personality changes
    • memory loss
  31. clinical presentation of spinal cord tumors
    • pain
    • weakness
    • loss of sensation
    • bowel and bladder control problems

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