chapter 16 med term

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chapter 16 med term
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2013-11-19 18:11:49
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med term chapter 16 eku hso 200 skin
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med term chapter 16 eku skin
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  1. adipocyte
    fat cell
  2. albino
    Person with skin deficient in pigment
  3. apocrine sweat gland
    One of the large dermal exocrine glands located in the axilla and genital areas
  4. basal layer
    Deepest region of the epidermis; gives rise to all the epidermal cells
  5. collagen
    Structural protein found in the skin and connective tissue
  6. cuticle
    Band of epidermis at the base and sides of the nail plate
  7. dermis
    middle layer of the skin
  8. eccrine sweat gland
    Most numerous sweat-producing exocrine gland in skin
  9. epidermis
    outermost layer of the skin
  10. epithelium
    Layer of skin cells forming the outer and inner surfaces of the body
  11. hair follicle
    Sac within which each hair grows
  12. integumentary system
    The skin and its accessory structures such as hair and nails
  13. keratin
    Hard protein material found in the epidermis, hair, and nails
  14. lunula
    Half-moon-shaped, whitish area at the base of a nail
  15. melanin
    Skin pigment formed by melanocytes in the epidermis
  16. paronychium
    Soft tissue surrounding the nail border
  17. pore
    Tiny opening on the surface of the skin
  18. sebaceous gland
    oil gland in hair
  19. sebum
    oil secreted by sebaceous glands
  20. squamous epithelium
    Flat, scale-like cells composing the epidermis
  21. stratified
    arranged in layers
  22. stratum (plural: strata)
    a layer (of cells)
  23. stratum corneum
    Outermost layer of the epidermis; consists of flattened, keratinized cells
  24. subcutaneous layer
    Innermost layer of the skin, containing fat tissue
  25. adip/o
    fat
  26. albin/o
    white
  27. caus/o
    • burn
    • burning
  28. cauter/o
    • heat
    • burn
  29. cutane/o
    skin
  30. derm/o
    skin
  31. dermat/o
    skin
  32. diaphor/o
    profuse sweating
  33. erythem/o
    erythemat/o
    redness
  34. hidr/o
    sweat
  35. ichthy/o
    • scaly
    • dry
  36. karat/o
    • hard
    • horny tissue
  37. leuk/o
    white
  38. lip/o
    fat
  39. melan/o
    clack
  40. myc/o
    fungus
  41. onych/o
    nail
  42. phyt/o
    plant
  43. pil/o
    • hair
    • hair follicle
  44. py/o
    pus
  45. rhythid/o
    wrinkle
  46. seb/o
    sebum
  47. squam/o
    scalelike
  48. steat/o
    fat
  49. trich/o
    hair
  50. ungu/o
    nail
  51. xanth/o
    yellow
  52. xer/o
    dry
  53. poli/o
    gray
  54. lute/o
    yellow
  55. jaund/o
    yellow
  56. eosin/o
    rosy
  57. cirrh/o
    tawny yello
  58. chlor/o
    green
  59. antharac/o
    black
  60. alopecia
    the absence of hair where it normally grows
  61. ecchymosis
    blue-black marks on the skin
  62. petechia
    small pinpoint hemorrhage
  63. urticaria
    an acute allergic reaction with red, round wheals on the skin
  64. acne
    papular and pustular eruption of skin with increased production of sebum
  65. cellulitis
    •a diffuse acute infection of the skin
  66. Eczema (atopic dermatitis):
    inflammation of the skin with erythematous and papulovesicular lesions caused by allergy
  67. Exanthematous viral diseases
    a rash due to virus (for example, rubella)
  68. Gangrene
    the death of tissue with loss of blood supply
  69. Impetigo
    contagious pyoderma caused by staph or strep
  70. Psoriasis
    chronic recurrent dermatosis with silver gray scales that itch
  71. Scabies
    •parasitic (tiny mites) and infectious pruritus
  72. Scleroderma
    •chronic and progressive disease of the skin with hardening of connective tissue
  73. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE):
    •an inflammatory disease of collagen in the skin, joints, and internal organs
  74. Urticaria (hives)
    •an acute allergic reaction in which red, round wheals develop on the skin
  75. tinea
    infection of the skin caused by a fungus
  76. vitiligo
    loss of pigment in areas of the skin
  77. Keratosis
    •thickened area of epidermis
  78. Leukoplakia
    •white, thickened patches on tongue or cheek
  79. Nevus (pl. nevi)
    •pigmented lesion
  80. Verruca
    •warts caused by virus
  81. Basal cell carcinoma
    Malignant tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis
  82. Squamous cell carcinoma
    Malignant tumor of the squamous epithelial cells of the epidermis
  83. Kaposi sarcoma
    Malignant, vascular, neoplastic growth characterized by cutaneous nodules
  84. Bacterial analyses
    pus or fluid samples examined to detect microorganisms
  85. Fungal tests
    scrapings for culture and microscopic examination after treatment with KOH

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