Cosmetology State Board (Nails)

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  1. Study of growth and structure of nails in known as
  2. Etiology is study of
    The cause of a disease
  3. Often referred to as cuticle, it overlaps the lunula at the base of nail
  4. Infection at nail base usually with pus, untreated can cause loss of nail
  5. Onychophagy refers to
    Brittle nails
  6. Onychia refers to
    Inflammation at base of nail pus usually present
  7. Technical term for bitten nails is
  8. Tight shoes or improper trimming of toe nails may result in
    Onychocryptosis / ingrown toenail
  9. Onychocryptosis is a condition that may result from
    Excessively tight shoes
  10. Nail product used to smooth out and fill in minor depressions in clients nail is
    Ridge filler
  11. Nail is composed of a substance known as
  12. Area from nail root to free edge, contains no blood vessels/nerves
    Nail plate/ Nail body
  13. Portion of nail assembly where nail plate rests, contains blood vessels and nerves
    Nail bed
  14. Point where nail enters skin at nail base is referred to as the
  15. Tissue beneath free edge of nail is known as
  16. Contains blood, lymph, and nerves from which new nail cells are generated
    Nail matrix
  17. Active tissue from which new cells are generated
    Nail matrix
  18. Nail root and nail matrix are located in this cup / pocket like structure
    Nail mantle
  19. Leuconychia is a condition that usually presents as
    White spots / streaks under nails
  20. Latin/ medical term for nails is
  21. If a finger nail is lost/ removed, approximately how long will it take to grow back?
    3-6 months
  22. If lost/ removed, approximately how long will it take to grow back?
    3-6 months
  23. If toe nail is lost / removed how long will it take to grow a new nail plate/body
    3-6 months
  24. If technician causes bleeding to occur during a nail service they should use
    Styptic powder/powdered alum
  25. Once destroyed, which part of nail will not grow back again?
  26. Adhesive coat for nail polish is
    Base coat
  27. Pumice powder is most commonly found in
    Cuticle cream
  28. If bleeding occurs during a manicure/pedicure, use
  29. Always file natural nails..
    Corner to center
  30. Technical term for a hang nail is
  31. If artificial nails are lifting from nail bed, this may cause
    Mold and infection
  32. Cuticle creams will help to prevent
    hang nails / agnails
  33. Onychopaghy may increase blood flow to the ________ and cause nail to grow faster
    Nail matrix
  34. Portion of nail effects its shape, size and rate of growth
  35. Half-moon at base of nail is known as
  36. Oil or moisture under a nail enhancement may cause
    Enhancement to lift / fall off
  37. Largest bone in arm is known as
  38. Correct order of application in polishing a clients nail would be
    Base coat, enamel, top coat
  39. This bone is found in forearm and on same side as little finger
  40. This bone is found in forearm and on the same side as the thumb
  41. When removing polish from artificial nails, use
  42. When removing artificial nails or nail enhancements, use
  43. Before preforming any nail service, nail tech should attempt to find out if client
    Is diabetic
  44. What is the best manner in which to treat agnails
    Hot oil manucures
  45. When is use, how should manicuring / pedicuring implements be kept?
    On clean towel
  46. When not in use, mani/pedi implements should be stored in a
    closed container
  47. These warts caused by HPV virus are flat, hard, thick growths usually occurring on soles of feet and sometimes look like circles within a circle
    Plantar warts
  48. nail bleaches and lighteners usually contain
    Hydrogen peroxide
  49. Thicken white skin and watery blisters between toes are indications of
    Athletes foot/ tinea pedis
  50. Another name for athletes foot is
    ring worm of the feet/ tinea pedis
  51. Watery blisters and thickened whitish skin between toes is known as
    tinea pedis
  52. if your client has brittle/dry nails or dry cuticles what should you recomend
    hot oil manicure
  53. To avoid ingrown toe-nails (onychocryptosis) do not file or clip
    into the corners of the nails
  54. The instrument used for trimming cuticle is a
  55. Bacterial infection with pus at nail matrix is know as
  56. when giving a pedicure with a foot and leg massage you should not massage over the
    shin bone
  57. for a natural effect, the shape of the finger nails should conform to the shape of the
    clients fingers
  58. most nail techs consider the ideal nail shape is
  59. Onychophagy is the technical term for
    bitten nails
  60. When pushing back cuticles how should the nail tech hold the pusher
    Angled with medium pressure
  61. A semicircular fold of skin overlapping nail plate on either side
    Nail wall
  62. To remove your clients acrylic nails you should
    use nippers to remove unwanted acrylic then soak off remainder in acetone
  63. Condition describes a forward growth of cuticle covering most of nails plate and body
  64. Atrophy or wasting away of the nail plate , may be result of injury or disease
  65. These are the tracks on both sides of the nail through which it moves as it grows
  66. This is the cuticle overlapping the lunula at the base of nail
  67. This is skin surrounding touching and overlapping nail on 3 sides
  68. Nail shape recommended for individuals who work on computer keyboards
  69. Field of medicine dealing specifically with feet and related issues is
  70. Portion of nail extending beyond the nail of the fingers/toes and protecting tips
    Free edge
  71. Crescent shaped whitish area of nail bed (not always visible)
  72. This skin surrounds touches and overlaps nail
  73. Term used to indicated inflammation of skin surrounding nail plate / body
  74. Fold of skin at sides of nail
  75. Metacarpus/palm of hand contain how many long slender bones
  76. Carpus/wrist contains how many bones
  77. Tissue beneath the distal end (free edge) of nail and finger or toe
  78. Hyponychium refers to the
    Skin under free edge
  79. Technical term for a "hangnail" is
  80. Skin beneath / under free edge of nail
  81. An inflammation at base of nail
  82. What is primary purpose of nail primer
    To improve adhesion
  83. What can a nail tech use to smooth out imperfections in a clients natural nail
    Ridge filler
  84. What is used to dry and harden gel nails
    An ultra-violet lite
  85. In salon, nail techs often use syptic in this form to stop bleeding from minor cuts
    Powdered alum
  86. One of the functions of primer when applied during an artificial nail application?
    none of the above
  87. The excessive heat often generated by electric nail sanders may harm the
    Nail plate
  88. A steel nail pusher should only be used
    On moist nail
  89. What effect will acetone have on a sculptured, artificial, or gel nail?
  90. What is the function of a "dehydrator" when applied during an artificial nail application
    Absorb oil and moisture
  91. This is found at the base of nail often overlapping the lunula
  92. Latin/medical/technical term for nails
  93. Very thin nails that are brittle and less flexible than usual are referred to as
    Eggshell nails
  94. Found at the nail base, may overlap the lunula and extend as far back as the first knuckle
  95. This refers to tissue that is found under the free edge if the nail
  96. This is deep fold of skin within which nail root and matrix are found
  97. Contains many nerves and blood vessels
    Nail bed
  98. Wavy ridges, often result of uneven growth due to injury are known as
  99. Nail tech will shape/file nail prior to soaking in nail bath, this is done because
    Filing dry nails is easier for nail tech than filing damp nails
  100. If matrix is destroyed what will occur
    Nail will not grow again
  101. Nail matrix and nail root are found here
    Nail mantle
  102. Functions as a barrier to stop bacteria/ infection from getting to nail matrix
  103. Cuticle overlapping lunula is referred to as the
  104. All nourishment is supplied to nail from the
    Nail root
  105. Before nail tech applies artificial nail enhancements, natural nail must be
  106. Improper use of nail nippers may result in
  107. Very dry cuticles may result in
  108. Bacterial infection of tissue around nail
  109. Active ingredient in nail bleach or whiteners is
    Hydrogen peroxide and H2O2
  110. For most natural look, shape of nail should conform to shape of the
  111. Which of the following will no cause fungus?
    a)trapped moisture
    b)trapped air
    c)loose nail enhancements
    d)excessive primer
    Excessive primer
  112. Pedicure process begins by
    Soaking feet in disinfectant foot bath
  113. When giving a mani the proper procedure for dealing with cuticles is
    Do not cut unless client insits
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Cosmetology State Board (Nails)
cosmetology state board questions
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