Chapter 16-17 Test

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Chapter 16-17 Test
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chapter 16-17 test
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  1. What made slavery profitable
    The cotton gin
  2. How was the North part of the slave trade
    The North transported the cotton to England and the rest of Europe
  3. % of World’s Cotton made by South
    50-75%
  4. Country dependent on South’s cotton
    England
  5. # of families In 1850 with more than 100 slaves
    1733
  6. Sir Walter Scott
    • author of Ivanhoe
    • helped idealize a feudal society the South as the kings and queens and the slaves as their subjects
  7. Southern Women’s lives
    • author of Ivanhoe
    • helped idealize a feudal society the South as the kings and queens and the slaves as their subjects
  8. Southern Women’s lives
    commanded a sizable household of mostly female slaves who cooked, sewed, cared for the children, and washed things
  9. What made the South Slaves of the Slave System
    • Cotton production spoiled the earth keeping them searching more better land and needing money
    • over-speculating in land and in slaves caused many planters to plunge deep into debt
    • This is simply the only way to make a fortune and rise in society in the South because there is a lack of industry
  10. Southern middle class
    • that owned one or two, or a small family of slaves
    • they worked hard on the land with their slaves
    • Slaveless whites that raised corn and hogs, sneered at the rich cotton “snobocracy” and lived simply and poorly
  11. Mountain whites
    • isolated in the wilderness under Spartan frontier conditions
    • hated white aristocrats and Blacks
    • were key in crippling the Southern secessionists
  12. # of Free Blacks By 1860
    250,000
  13. Mulattoes
    Black mother, White father
  14. Why is Anti-black feeling stronger in the North
    where people liked the race but not the individual, than in the South, were people liked the individual but not the race
  15. Slave increase
    due to their natural reproduction
  16. Why were slaves spared the most dangerous jobs, like putting a roof on a house, draining a swamp, or blasting caves
    Might get killed
  17. Characteristics of slave life
    • no civil or political rights
    • whipping if orders weren’t followed
  18. Family Lives
    separation of spouses, parents and children seem to have been more common in the upper South, among smaller plantations.
  19. How did slaves get revenge on mean masters
    • worked as slowly as they could without getting lashed
    • stole food and sabotaged expensive equipment
    • poisoned their masters’ food
  20. Republic of Liberia
    founded for Blacks to live
  21. Theodore Dwight Weld
    preached against slavery and even wrote a pamphlet, American Slavery As It Is
  22. William Lloyd Garrison
    • published the first edition of The Liberator
    • triggering a 30-year war of words and in a sense firing one of the first shots of the Civil War
  23. Wendell Phillips
    • known as “abolition’s golden trumpet” 
    • refused to eat cane sugar or wear cotton cloth, since both were made by slaves
  24. Sojourner Truth
    freed Black woman who fought for black emancipation and women’s rights
  25. Frederick Douglass
    great speaker and fought for the Black cause despite being beaten and harassed
  26. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass
    • depicted his remarkable struggle and his origins, as
    • well as his life.


    • Southern defense of Slavery pointed out how masters taught their slaves religion, made them civilized, treated them well, and gave
    • them “happy” lives. Also pointed to Northern reactions and prejudices against
    • free blacks
  27. Gag resolution
    all antislavery appeals to be tabled without debate
  28. Reasons abolition is slow to take off in the
    North
    mob violence
  29. Elijah P. Lovejoy of Alton, Illinois
    printing press destroyed four times and was killed by a mob in 1837; he became an abolitionist martyr
  30. William H. Harrison
    contracted pneumonia and died—only four weeks after he came to the White House
  31. Whig Platform
    • Financial reform ending the independent treasury system
    • new bill for a new Bank of the U.S. was vetoed 
    • Tariff finally signed after his whole cabinet resigned
  32. Tyler’s Beliefs
    did not agree with the Whig party
  33. Problems with Britain
    • small rebellion in Canada broke out
    • Americans furnished arms and supplies
    • Caroline was attacked and set afire by a British force
  34. Creole
    British officials
  35. Webster-Ashburton Treaty
    • Britain their desired Halifax-Quebec route for a road on the Northern border
    • America got a bit more land north of Maine
  36. Texas made treaties with
    France, Holland, and Belgium
  37. Reasons US Can’t take Texas in
    • Slavery
    • America could not just boldly annex Texas without a war with Mexico
  38. Oregon claimed by
    Russia, Spain, England, and the U.S
  39. The Oregon Trail
    • over 2000-mile trail across America
    • common route to Oregon during the early 1840s
  40. Election In 1844
    • Henry Clay
    • James K. Polk
  41. Polk's 4-point mission
    • Lower the tariff 
    • Restore the independent treasury 
    • Clear up the Oregon border issue 
    • Get California
  42. Tariff Reform
    lowered the tariff from 32% to 25%
  43. treasury restored in
    1846
  44. Which territory was added after an agreement
    with Britain
    Oregon
  45. John Slidell
    Mexico City as an envoy
  46. Polk
    ordered 4000 men under Zachary Taylor to march from the Nueces River to the Rio Grande
  47. Stephen W. Kearny
    led 1700 troops from Leavenworth to Santa Fe
  48. John C. Fremont
    leader of the Bear Flag Revolt in California
  49. Buena Vista
    Taylor repelled 20,000 Mexicans with only 5000 men
  50. General Winfield Scott
    led American troops into Mexico City
  51. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo on February 2, 1848
    • Gave to America all Mexican territory from Texas to California that was north of the Rio Grande
    • U.S. only had to pay $15 million to Mexico for it
    • $3.5 million in debts from Mexico to the U.S. were absolved
    • U.S. had forced Mexico to "sell" the Mexican Cession lands
  52. Human Loss in the Mexican War
    13,000 dead soldiers, most taken by disease
  53. How did the Mexican War pave the way to the
    Civil War
    by attaining more land that could be disputed over slavery
  54. Wilmot Proviso
    that slavery should never exist in any of the Mexican Cession territories

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