micro final

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micro final
2013-11-19 22:47:15

diseases and germs
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  1. The most common cause of UTIs
    Esherichia coli
  2. A very small infectious dose
    characterizes this microbe that causes one to have abdominal cramps and
    diarrhea with small, bloody, mucoid
    Shigella sonnei
  3. Hepatitis virus that causes a
    chronic infection in most of its victims and may lead to hepatic cancer; no
    vaccine exists against this microbe
    Hepatitis C
  4. Toxic shock syndrome is caused
    by this microbe
    Staphylococcus aureus
  5. Microbe that can contaminate
    milk and meat products (such as cold cuts), grows well in refrigerator
    temperatures, can cross the placenta and cause morbidity and mortality of the
    baby; recently connected to a recall of canteloupes grow in Colorado
    Listeria monocytogenes
  6. Mode of transmission of Treponema pallidum (syphilis)
  7. May cause superficial infection
    such as thrush and vaginal yeast infections or systemic infections in immunocompromised host
    Candida albicans
  8. Symptoms of this disease include
    “rice water stools” and loss of 4-5 gallons of fluid/day
  9. Medically relevant bacteria that
    are anaerobic and produce endospores are
    in this genus.
  10. The capsule is a virulence
    factor for this bacterium that causes pneumonia, sinusitis, and meningitis
    Streptococcus pneumoniae
  11. This bacterium produces a pseudomembrane in the pharynx and toxins that
    spread throughout the body causing cardiac arrest
    Corynebacterium diphtheriae
  12. The best method to control viral
  13. Microbe
    that lacks a cell wall and causes “walking pneumonia
    Mycoplasma pneumoniae
  14. Microbe that causes a lower
    respiratory tract infection that produces coughing spasms and suffocation
    (whooping cough)
    Bordetella pertussis
  15. Causes food poisoning that
    occurs 1-8 hours after ingesting the offending food
    Staphylococcus aureus
  16. Stage of syphilis that exhibits
    a coppery colored rash often seen on the palms and soles
  17. Virus that causes serious
    diarrhea in infants and young children
  18. Disease caused by S. aureus that was initially associated
    with superabsorbent tampon usage
    Toxic shock syndrome
  19. The most common cause of
    systemic mycosis in the San Joaquin River Valley
    Coccidioides immitis
  20. Most common cause of typical
    lobar pneumonia in adults
    Streptococcus pneumoniae
  21. The most common mode of nosocomial infection transmission in the
    • Transmission of infectious microbe from health care giver to
    • the patient
  22. Mental dementia is seen in this
    stage of syphilis
  23. Characterized by purulent exudate on tonsils making it difficult
    to swallow, can produce scarlet fever if it is am erythrogenic strain, can lead to serious sequelae including rheumatic fever
    Streptococcal pharyngitis, a bacterial infection
  24. Causative agent of whooping
    Bordetella pertussis
  25. Viral disease characterized by
    fever, myalgia, sore throat, cough, and nasal
  26. Disease transmitted by
    aerosolized water from whirlpool spas, air conditioners, cooling towers, and
    supermarket vegetable misters
    Legionella pneumophila
  27. Microbe that grows in soil rich
    in bird or bat droppings
    Histoplasma capsulatum
  28. Orchitis may complicate this disease in
    young adult males
  29. Most immediate and critical
    treatment required to prevent death in cholera victims
    Fluid and electrolyte replacement
  30. Mode of transmission for malaria
    Arthropod vector
  31. Commonly known as pinworm
    Enterobius vermicularis
  32. Inflammation/infection of the
    urinary bladder
  33. Infected animals spread the
    bacterium, Leptospira interrogans in
    their ____.
  34. Candida albicans is a unicellular ______ (yeast).
  35. Trichomonas vaginalis is a _____.
  36. Pelvic inflammatory disease
    often leads to ______.
  37. The most commonly reported STD
    in the US (and world)
  38. Chanchroid is caused by this microbe
    Haemophilis ducreyi
  39. Causes sinus infections and
    meningitis in small children
    Haemophilus influenzae
  40. Comma shaped rod that causes
    diarrhea with tremendous fluid and electrolyte loss (up to five gallons/day)
    Vibrio cholerae
  41. Cause of impetigo, boils, and osteomyelitis, as well as toxic shock syndrome
    Staphylococcus aureus
  42. Gram negative, anaerobic rod
    that causes stomach ulcers
    Helicobacter pylori
  43. Microbe that is extremely
    resistant to antibiotics, disinfectants, and soaps (in fact, it can grow in a
    soap dish!)
    Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  44. Cause of a common STD in the US,
    but eye infections in Africa where flies serve as mechanical vectors
    Chlamydia trachomatis
  45. Leading cause of dental caries
    Streptococcus mutans
  46. Causes swollen salivary
    (parotid) glands; there is an effective vaccine against it
    Mumps virus (a paramyxovirus)
  47. Has an envelope with spikes of H
    and N antigens
    Influenza virus
  48. A viral STD; teratogenic
    Herpes simplex II
  49. Causes bronchitis and pneumonia
    in children less than two years old; characterized by multinucleatedgiant
    Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
  50. West Nile is in this group of
    arthropod-borne viruses
  51. One cause of the common cold,
    along with others (rhinovirus, coronavirus)