Community Policing Ch 13
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. What would you like to do?
how prevalent are gangs?
An estimated 756,000 gang members are active in more than 29,000 gangs nationwide.
what needs are served by gangs?
Youths seeking protection, Security, Status, an identity, a sense of belonging, and economic security can fulfill all of these needs through gang membership.
What implications for preventing youths from joining gangs are suggested by the Seattle study?
- Prevention efforts should
- 1)begin early
- 2)Target youths exposed to multiple risk factors
- 3)address all facets of youth's lives
What is the GREAT Program?
The Gang Resistance Education and Training (GREAT) program is aimed at stopping gang membership
What is the GRIP program?
The Gang Resistance Is Paramount (GRIP) program seeks to prevent youths from joining gangs through education
What are indicators of gang membership?
- indicators of gang activity include:
- graffiti, drive-by shootings, intimidation assaults, murders, and the open sale of drugs
Indicators of gang membership include colors, tattoos, hand signs, and behavior.
what strategies have been used to address the gang problem?
which has been found to be most effective?
A Computerized Gang intelligence System (GANGIS), including comprehensive gang profile data such as monikers and vehicle information, can be an effective crime-fighting tool.
what OJJDP initiatives are available to help communities address a gang problem?
what National Youth Gang Center Publications are available to help communities address a gang problem?
What strategies are currently being used to address the gang problem?
Why might a community be ambivalent toward gangs?
an ongoing group of people that form an allegiance for a common purpose and engage in unlawful or criminal activity
See also Street Gang and youth Gang
Territory occupied by a gang, often marked by Graffiti
Vocab: Street Gang
A Group of people whose allegiance is based on social needs.
who have an identifiable leadership
who claim control over a specific territory in the community
and who engage in acts injurious to the public....
the preferred term of most local law enforcement agencies
Vocab: youth Gang
A subgroup of a street gang; may refer to a juvenile clique within a gang.
Types of Gangs
Street Gangs, prison Gangs, Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs (OMGs)
A nickname, often of a gang member
a Manner of dress to show allegiance or opposition to a gang
uses an imaginary line to drawn vertically throughout the body. ex:a hat cocked to the right side, one glove worn on the right side, a bandanna on the right side would be an example of "dressing right"
Strategy to address the Gang problem that includes tactics such as prevention, arrest, imprisonment, supervision, and surveillance.
Vocab: Social Intervention
Strategy to address the gang problem that includes crisis intervention, treatment for youths and heir families, outreach, and referral to social services.
Vocab: Social Opportunities
Strategy to address the gang problem that includes improved communication and joint policy and program development among justice, community-based, and grassroots organizations.
Vocab: organizational development
a law enforcement strategy to address the gang problem that includes special police units and special youth agency crisis programs
What would you like to do?
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