Drugs week of 11/19/13

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Author:
kevinkuczma
ID:
247993
Filename:
Drugs week of 11/19/13
Updated:
2013-11-20 00:57:22
Tags:
pam 102
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pam 102 drugs
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  1. Ketamine
    Class
    Sedative/hypnotic and analgesic
  2. Ketamine
    Action
    Causes dissociative state
  3. Ketamine
    Indication
    Induction agent for rapid-sequence induction
  4. Ketamine
    Contraindications
    • Patients with Hypersensitivity to the med
    • Significantly elevated blood pressure
  5. Ketamine
    Precautions
    Hallucinations can occur with emergency, particularly on emergence

    Emergency airway and resuscitative equipment and medication must be available
  6. Ketamine
    side effects
    • Hallucinations
    • Increased skeletal muscle tone
  7. Ketamine
    Dosage
    • 1.0-4.5 mg/kg IV
    • 3.0-8.0 mg/kg IM
  8. Ketamine
    Routes
    IV, IM
  9. Ketamine
    Ped dosage
    0.5-3.0 mg/kg IV, IM
  10. Meperidine (Demerol)
    Class
    Narcodic
  11. Meperidine (Demerol)
    Actions
    • CNS Depressant
    • Decreases Sensitivity to pain
  12. Meperidine (Demerol)
    Indications
    Moderate to severe pain
  13. Meperidine (Demerol)
    Contraindacations
    • Patients receiving monoamine oxidase inhibitors
    • Undiagnosed abdominal pain
    • Patients with history of hypersensitivity to the med
  14. Meperidine (Demerol)
    Precautions
    • Respiratory Depression (naloxone dhould be available)
    • Hypotension
    • Nausea
  15. Meperidine (Demerol)
    Dosage
    • IV: 25-50 mg
    • IM: 50-100mg
  16. Meperidine (Demerol)
    Side Effects
    • Dizziness
    • Altered level of consciousness
  17. Meperidine (Demerol)
    Routes
    • IV
    • IM
  18. Ped Dosage
    1 mg/kg
  19. Midazolam (versed)
    Class
    Tranquilizer (benzodiazepine)
  20. Midazolam (versed)
    Actions
    • Hypnotic
    • Sedative
  21. Midazolam (versed)
    Indications
    • Premedication before cardioversion
    • Acute anxiety states
  22. Midazolam (versed)
    Contraindications
    • Patients with a history of hypersensitivity to the medication
    • Narrow angle glaucoma
    • Shock
  23. Midazolam (versed)
    Precautions
    • Emergency resucitative equipment must be available
    • Flumazenil (Romazicon) should be available
    • Dilute with normal saline of D5W prior to IV admin.
    • Respiratory depression more common with midazolam than with other benzodiazepines
  24. Midazolam (versed)
    Side Effects
    • Drowsiness
    • Hypotension
    • Amnesia
    • Respiratory depression and apnea
  25. Midazolam (versed)
    Dosage
    1.0-2.5 mg administered IV
  26. Midazolam (versed)
    Routes
    • IV
    • Oral
    • Intranasal
  27. Midazolam (versed)
    Ped Dose
    0.03 mg/kg

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