Physical and geographical features of the United States
What are the six major regions of the United States?
The has a varied geography of rivers, lakes, valleys, plateaus, and mountains. It is bordered on the east by the Atlantic Ocean and on the west by the Ohio River and by Lake Erie and Lake Ontario (two of the Great Lakes). This region's Southern border is the boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland
The Northeast contains the _________ Mountain Range which extends in a northeasterly direction from Georgia into Maine.
The waterways in the Northeast include the ________, __________, and __________ rivers.
Vegetation in the Northeast is mainly ________ and _________ forests.
___________ contains the broad Atlantic Coastal Plain, which gradually widens from Maryland in a southwesterly direction until it meets Gulf Coastal Plain on the edge of the Gulf of Mexico.
The __________ and __________ _________ Mountains are the highest elevations in the Southeast.
Appalachian, Blue Ridge
The waterways in the Southeast include _______, _________,_________, __________, __________, ___________, and __________ rivers.
The vegetation in the Southeast is primarily mixed forest between the ________ Coast and the _________ mountains and deciduous forest between the Appalachians and the ________ and _______ Rivers.
The _________ is bordered on the north by four of the Great Lakes: Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, and Lake Erie. The regions eastern border is the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers, and the Rocky Mountains form its western border. The states of Kansas and Missouri are the southern border of this region.
The main physical characteristics of the Midwest are the ____________ Plains and __________ Plains.
The major rivers in the Midwest include _______, ________, ________, _________, and ____________.
The Midwest's vegetation is deciduous forest in its _______, with mixed evergreen forests int the extreme _________ parts (Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota.) On the ________ side of the region, the vegetation changes to tall grass ______ and then short grass prairie closer to the _________ Mountains.
The _________ region rises out of the Great Plains into the Rocky Mountains and then proceeds to the Pacific Ocean at a generally much higher altitude than in the rest of the United States.
A large part of the _______ is desert.
The Sonoran and Painted deserts are in ________.
The Mojave Desert is in _________.
The _________ _________ is surrounded by the Rocky Mountains, and the Great Basin which lies between the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevada mountain range.
The _______ ________ of California extends north to south between the Sierra Nevada Mountains and the Coast Ranges.
North of the Great Basin, the _______ _______ lies between the Rocky Mountains and the Cascade Range in the state of Oregon and Washington.
The major rivers in the West include the ______, _______, ________, _________, ________, _________, _______, and ________ rivers
The vegetation in the west is a mix of evergreen forest and shrub in the ________ _________, _______ in most of Arizona, southeastern California Nevada and Utah. The Valleys in California, Oregon, and Washington have a mix of _______ grass prairie and _____ forest
The ___________ __________ runs through the Rocky Mountains.
Rivers to the west of the Continental Divide drain into the __________ Ocean while those on the eastdrain into the _______ Ocean an the _______ of _______.
Gulf of Mexico
The _________ is the driest climate in the country.
Over _____ rivers cross the Continental (lower 48) States.
The US _________ ________ is a part of the Department of the Interior and identifies the 32 largest rivers in the US based on three characteristics: 1.____________, 2. ___________, and 3. ___________.
total length from source to mouth
area of basin (or watershed) drained by the stream
the average rate of flow or discharge at the mouth of the river
Of the 32 rivers ____ are tributaries to the other rivers on the list.
The ____ largest rivers discharge directly into an ____, ______, _______, or _____.
The __________ River divides the the country roughly into one-third to the east and two-thirds to the west, and it has the largest discharge and drainage area.
The largest rivers in the US by size are:______, ________, ________, and ________.
Yukon River (in Alaska)
Rio Grande River (runs through Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas)
Three of the four major deserts of North America are contained in a geological region called the
Basin and Range Province
The Basin and Range Province lies between the _____ ______ ______to the east and the ______ _____ _______ ______ to the west.
Rocky Mountain Range
Sierra Nevada Mountain Range
The ______ _____ ______ is the largest US desert and covers about 190,000 square miles
Great Basin Desert
The Great Basin Desert is bordered by the _______ ______ _____ on the west, the _____ _____ on the east, the _______ _______ to the north, and the ______ and ________ deserts to the South.
Sierra Nevada Range
Mojave and Sonoran (deserts)
The __________ desert is the hottest of the deserts.
One of the playas in the Sonoran desert is called the ______
The Salton Sea was filled by flood waters from the ____ _____ in 1906 and remains full.
The first people to inhabit the Americas came by way of the _____ _____
The Northernmost Native American culture that survives today is the ______
The Inuit are _____ maritime hunters, concentrating on seal and walrus
The Inuit live in the ________ ________ of North America
The ________ are Northwest Indians
The Kwakiutl Indians were primarily ______ fishers.
The Kwakiutl lived in __________ _______ stretching from Northern California to Southern Alaska.
The Anasazi lived in the far _________.
The Anasazi were ______ _______ who settled east of the Grand Canyon in the Four Corners area (Utah, Colorado, New Mexico and Arizona)
The Anasazi planted _______ and _______ ______ for food.
Maize, Hunted animals
In the 13th century _______ reduced the Anasazi foodsupply.
After the drought destroyed their food supply, the Anasazi relocated to farming communities along the ____ _____ ____.
Rio Grande River
The Spanish called the Anasazi communities _______.