Card Set Information
HIs 111 history cpcc
History Test 3 Final
rights of settlement in exchange for military service
Western Roman Empire collapsed after he was over in 476
Peasant farmers who were tied to the land
was the estate of lord and his dependent serfs
bestowed land to the feudal overlord
essentially the land that the vassal bestowed too
vassals paid their way out of military service through payment known as scutage.
made franks the most powerful people of Europe.
Donation of Pippin
Pippin gave land to the church in 756
Royal agents of the king
Scholars that preserved Greek and Roman knowledge. Founded Charlemagnes palace school
was one of great scholars of the middle ages, popularized the B.C/A.D dating system
Anno Domini (A.D)
In the year of the Lord, Happened before and after Christ
Treaty of Verdun
Partition of the empire in 843, Charles received France and Louis got Germany.
College of cardinals
Chose the popes
appointment of bishops and other church officials by secular rulers
Concordant of worms
They settled the Investiture Controversy
merchant who married a rich widow
teachings from Quran (submission to God)
teachings that Mohammed preached to the people of mecca (holy book of islam)
supported the Umayyad faction, and looked at Quran for ultimate authority.
Supporters of Ali and Abbasid faction, claimed that Mohammed had given divine knowledge to the descendants of Ali.
Book about Aritotles logic and Christian theology, written by *St. Thomas Aquinas.
used to centralize royal power
Henry I established a Royal bureau of finance, to keep track of income
Signed by john and curbed the power of English kings and stated that the king was also subject to the law
Phillip IV (the fair)
forbidden the clergy to pay any tax to a lay ruler.
Capitol church moved from Rome to Avignon by clement V
The Great Schism
When pope Gregory XI brought the papacy back to Rome and Italian mob demanded that College of Cardinals elect an Italian pope
Advent of printing press
remission of priest imposed penalties for sins
When god decided ahead of time who would be saved
Primary obligation a vassal owed his lord
The battle of Poitiers
Pippins IIs son Charles Martel defeated the Muslims
Creation of The Papal States
Land given to the pope
Rules followed at the monastery of Cluny
Stood for reform of abuses, high religious standards, and sound economic management.
Settlement of the Investiture Controversy
Concordant of Worms settled it and emperor could veto his choice by refusing the bishops oath of loyalty.
Ultimate victors of investiture Controversy
Centralized church government.
Divine Comedy is an imaginary journey through Hell, Purgatory, and Heaven.
wrote the Canterbury Tales which criticizes the worldly interests of the English of the fourteenth century
Duties of sheriffs in Norman England
Enforcing the law, collecting taxes and raising an army at the kings request
Henry II and the development of common law
relied on precedent decisions made in previous cases making it to be more flexible
The Model Parliament of 1295
Made up of the great barons and major clergy
Importance of the conciliar movement
stressed that the role of the pope was to maintain the unity and well being of the church
Demographics of the Black Death
1.4 Million died about 25%
Reactions of people to the plague
resorted to flagellation, the mutilation of the body as a sign of repentance of sin and some tried to moderate and temperate life.
Primary reason(s) for French failure in the Hundred Years War prior to 1415
Internal disunity and mediocre leader
The most formidable of weapons used in the Hundred Years War
Reasons Joan of Arc was able to reverse French fortunes on the battlefield
England was exhausted
Reasons Joan of Arc was executed
burned her as a heretic and a witch in 1431
*Luthers beliefs about salvation -
Methods the Catholic Counter-
Reformation used to combat the Protestant Reformation
when Romulus augustulus was overthrown