Boards 2,3 PT

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Boards 2,3 PT
2013-11-20 23:10:52

Board 2,3, PT
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  1. Gonorrhea
    • Gram (-), Diplococcus
    • Neisseria gonorrhea
    • Chocolate agar
    • MC symptom: Dysuria, Mucopurulent discharge
    • MC joint= knee
    • Men Testies= sterility
    • Women= salpingitis
    • Newborns= Blindness
  2. Chyamydia
    • Causative for Reiter's disease
    • Ophthamlmia neonatorum
    • PID
    • MCC of female infertility
  3. PID or Salpingitis
    • Infection of organs of reproduction in fallopian tubes where inflammation
    • Caused: gonorrhea, chlamydia, Candidiasis, Trichimoniasis
  4. Syphilis
    • Spirochete Treponema Pallidum
    • Transmitted through placenta
    • TX: Penicillin
    • Hutchinson's Triad:
    • Interstitial keratintis
    • Notched incisors
    • CN VIII deafness
    • Stage 1: Hard chancre, singular, painless (8Wk)
    • Stage 2: Maculopapular rash, Condylomata lata (flat warts), alopecia (8wk-2yrs)
    • Stage 3: Tabes dorsalis, Gummas, vascular damage (AAA, Aortic valve insufficiency) No transmission of disease.
  5. Trichinoniasis
    • Parasite
    • Green/yellow, frothy, foul smelling discharge
  6. Moniliasis (candidiasis)
    • Fungus/ Yeast
    • White cottage cheese discharge in mouth
    • Thrush
    • Vagina
    • Diabetes
  7. Granuloma Iguinale
    • Bacterium
    • Red, Beefy lesion seein in anogenital to perineal area
  8. Lymphogranuloma Venerum
    • Chlamydia
    • Lymph nodes of groin
    • Rectal stricutes
  9. Genital Herpes
    • HSV-2
    • Vesicle clusters reoccur w/ decreased immunity or stress
  10. Genital Warts (Condylomata Accuminata)
    • HPV
    • Papilloma= Painful, soft, flesh colored, cauliflower erosions
    • Linked to cervical cancer
  11. Chancroid
    • Hemophilus Ducreyi
    • Papules= soft and painful
    • Frei test
  12. AIDS
    • HIV, retrovirus
    • opportunistic infection
    • Contracted through breast feeding
    • Homosexual  males, IV drug users
    • Labs: ELISA (RNA), Western blot (most accurate)
    • Pneumocystis Carinii (MC)
    • Giardia Lamblia
    • Kaposis's sarcoma
  13. Molluscum Contagiosum
    • Virus
    • children
    • Sexually transmitted= adults
    • dome shaped, flesh color or gray umbilicated papule--> pearly white w/ caseous core.
    • MC in mucosa of mouth and eyelids
  15. Macule
    • small lesion
    • Flat
    • EX: freckle or measles
  16. Papule
    • Small raised lesion <0.5cm
    • Associated w/ Measles and syphilis (solid)
  17. Vesicle
    • Small leson < 0.5cm w/ serous fluid
    • associated w/ herpes, chicken pox
  18. Pustule
    • Small lesion <0.5cm w/ pus
    • associated w/ Staph. due to a furuncle
  19. Nodule
    Hard raised lesion >0.5cm
  20. Bulla
    • Fluid filled lesion >0.5cm
    • Associated w/ Phemphigus
  21. Leukoplakia
    Precancerous lesion seen on mucus membranes and associated w/ tobacco use
  22. Impetigo
    • Staph A. or Strep
    • crusty lesion found around the corners of mouth or on hand in children
  23. Erysipelas
    • Beta hemolytic Strep (MC)
    • Red fiery
    • advancing lesion on skin
    • Pt will have Fever and elevated ASO titer
  24. Furuncle
    • Staph infected hair follicle
    • painful nodule
  25. Carbuncle
    • Car loads of furuncles
    • Staph A.
  26. Paronychia
    • Tender bacterial or fungal hand infection or foot
    • @ where nail meets skin at the side
  27. Felon
    Sub fascial inflammation infection of finger pad
  28. Fungal/ Mycotic infections (Tinea)
    • DX w/ Wood's lamp
    • Tinea Corpus= Body
    • Tinea Pedis= Foot
    • Tinea Ungunum= Nail
    • Tinea Capitis= Scalp
    • Tinea Cruris= Jock itch
    • Tinea Barbae= Beard
  29. Yeast infection
    • Candia Albicans
    • Oral Thrush
  30. Tinea Versicolor
    • Multi hypo pigmented, asymptomatic lesions
    • Vary in color (white-brown)
  31. Aphthous Stomatitis
    Pitted erythematous lesion or ulcer of mouth
  32. Seborrheic Dermatitis
    Dandruff similar to (Cradle cap) in new borns
  33. Pityriasis Rosea
    • Oval or round lesion= Herald patch
    • Caused by virus
  34. Psoriasis
    Silver scales on extensor surface of knees and elbow
  35. Herpes zoster AKA Shingles
    • DRG is attacked
    • Vesicular lesion follow dermatomal pattern
  36. Vitilligo
    • Auto immune condition
    • Depigmentation
    • absent melanocytes
  37. Albinism
    • Complete depigmentation (Lack melanin)
    • First observed at birth
  38. Urticaria
    • Hives
    • Wheals= allergy (such as penicillin or food)
  39. Pemphigus Vulgaris
    • Potentially life threatening condition
    • Bulla= blisters on skin
  40. Acne Rosacea
    • On face, nose , cheeks and exacerbated by sunlight
    • fine inconspicuous scales and whitish lines or puncta
  41. WEN AKA Epidermal cyst
    Non tender epidermal cyst filled w/ sebum
  42. Keloid
    • dense, sharply elevated, progressively enlarging scar w/ collagenous hyperplasia
    • African-Americans, latinos, asians
  43. Comedone
    • Accumulation of sebum w/in pore
    • Whitehead, closed comedone
    • Blackhead, open
  44. Scabies
    • transmissible (whirlpool) infection
    • Mites
    • Grouped vesicles and superficial linea furrows in the groin
  45. Nummular Eczema
    coin shaped, ring or annular lesion that coalesce to form patches which ooze and crust over
  46. Ichthyosis (Fish skin)
    Increased Keratinization producing a non-inflammatory skin lesion
  47. Intertrigo
    Reddened area caused by moisture, friction, and warmth retention found on opposing skin surfaces
  48. Acne Vulgaris
    Sebaceous Glands characterized by comedomes and pus filled cysts.
  49. Peiculosis
    • Lice
    • Pubic area, body= corpois, capitis
  50. Lichenification
    Rough and thicken skin= constant irritation, pruritic, chronic dermatitis
  51. Herpes Simplex
    • HSV infection
    • small vesicles (cold sores)
    • On mouth or genital region
  52. Cancer of Skin cells
    • Squamous Cell= Malignant, epithelial cells (Flaky)
    • Basal Cell= MC skin CA, waxy, indurated
    • Melanoma= Most invasive, multicolored
  53. P
  54. Psychology
  55. Personality Disorders
    Persistent disorders characterized by a inflexible RXN to stress
  56. Antisocial
    • Psycho/sociopath
    • acts out conflict w/out remorse/guilt
    • difficulty following rules
  57. Compulsive
    • self-centered
    • inflexible
    • perfectionist
  58. Hysterical AKA Histrionic
    • Attention seeking
    • Agressive
    • Seductive person unable to be deeply involved emotionally
  59. Narcissism
    • Attention seeking
    • Regards no one else as important
    • strong admiration for self/ exhibitionist
  60. Passive Aggressive
    • Taking aggressive actions in an indirect manner
    • argumentative
  61. Schizoid
    • Introverted and withdrawn
    • emotionally cold and distant
    • Avoids social interactions
  62. Defense Mech.
    Unconscious strategies utilized to cope w/ reality
  63. Denial
    • Refusal to perceive unpleasant realities
    • painful subject stem from external sources such as impulse or fantasies
    • MC in alcoholics
  64. Projection
    Act of assigning a feeling or belief to another person, group, outside world
  65. Rationalization
    Attributing one's own unacceptable desires and impulses to someone else
  66. Reaction Formation
    • Depressed
    • unacceptable behavior expressed in an exaggerated form of an opposite behavior
  67. Regression
    A response to stress in which an individual revert to a less developmentally mature stage
  68. Repression
    • Unacceptable or unpleasant ideas/ impulses
    • Thrust out of consciousness
  69. Transference
    Redirecting ones feeling (aggression or affection) from 1person to another
  70. Neuroses
    Mental disorders involving distress
  71. Anxiety
    • Chronic, unrealistic anxiety
    • Panic attack or hyperventilation
  72. Conversion hysteria AKA Conversion Reaction
    Emotional problems that unconsciously manifest themselves as somatic complaints
  73. Hypochoadriasis
    • Exaggerated pre-occupation w/ bodily fnx
    • Fear that one is suffering from serious disease
  74. Neurotic
    • Anxiety
    • Phobia
    • obsession
    • compulsion
    • hysterical conversions
    • dissociative phenomena
    • Ritualistic behaviors (washing)
  75. Obsessive compulsive
    • Perfectionist, inflexible, uncontrollably entangled w/ details, highly repetitive activities
    • Persistent thoughts are obsessive while persistent actions are compulsive
  76. Phobic
    • Irrational, unrealistic fear of situation, animal, person, activity
    • Agoraphobia= public spaces
    • Acrophobia= heights
    • Astrophobia= thunder/ lightning
    • Astraphobia= fear of stars or celestial space
  77. Somatization
    Person experiences vague physical symptoms in response to mental/ psychological stress
  78. Mood, Eating, and Other Disorders
  79. Affective Disorder
    Severe fluctuation of mood or personality
  80. Alcoholism
    Delirium, Tremens, and folate deficiency
  81. Anorexia Nervosa
    • Voluntary starvation
    • excessive exercise
    • unreasonable fear of gaining weight
  82. Bipolar (manic depressive)
    • Behavior alternates b/w mania & melancholia
    • Highs & Lows
  83. Bulimia Nervosa
    • Binge eating w/ subsequent purging
    • Body image distorsion
  84. Catatonia
    Associated w/ muscle inhibition
  85. Dysthymic Disorder
    Mild chronic depression
  86. Hallucinations
    Perception problem
  87. Schizophrenia
    • Delusions, hallucinations, social withdrawl
    • daily function impairment
    • bizarre behavior
  88. Transvestite
    • Person who adopts the dress of the opposite sex
    • Cross dressing
  89. Therapies & Tests
  90. Aversion
    Used to treat alcoholics by associating drinking w/ unpleasant consequences
  91. Conditoining AKA behavior modification therapy
    • Reward/ punishment
    • to correct undesirable behaviors
    • Emphasis on behavior not Psych causes
  92. Flooding
    • Form of desensitization for treatment of phobias and related disorders
    • Patient is repeatedly exposed to emotionally distressing stimuli of high intensity
  93. Modeling
    Behavior modification technique in which one is taught to imitate the desired behavior of another
  94. Rorschach Test
    • Psychological testing
    • inkblot images
  95. Wechsler Scale
    IQ testing
  96. Freud
    • Free association
    • dream analysis
    • unconscious mind
    • psychosexual stages of development
    • oral, anal, phallic, genital
    • ANAL= stuborn and develop an order to every aspect of life.
    • Id: Basic instinct, Ego, Reality, control
    • Superego: Guilt and consciousness
  97. Jung
    • Collective unconscious of man
    • Psychoanalysis
  98. Maslow
    • Hierarchy of human needs
    • Physiology, safety, love, esteem and self actualization
  99. Pavlov
    Classical conditioning
  100. Skinner
    • Operant conditioning
    • Use consequences to modify occurrence and form of behavior
  101. Toxicology
  102. NSAID
    • Non Steroidal anti inflammatory
    • antipyretic
    • analgesic
    • Feldene
  103. Expectorant
    • Alleviates coughing
    • an antitussin
  104. Tranquillizer
    Predisposes elderly to falls
  105. Acyclovir
    Antiviral (herpes)
  106. Warfarin
    • Anticoagulant
    • Vitamin K antagonist
    • Increased clotting time
  107. Cocaine
    • Narcotic
    • Lidocaine= local anesthetic
  108. Salicylates
    • Aspirin
    • Causes bleeding
    • inhibits prostaglandins
    • associated w/ deafness and Reye's syndrome
  109. Tricyclic
    Anti- depressants
  110. Benzodiazepine
    • Used to treat anxiety
    • SE: Tremor, muscle relaxant
  111. Barbiturates
    Sleeping pills can produce respiratory depression
  112. Colchieine
    • Used to treat acute symptomatic gout
    • Chronic allopurinol
  113. Hallucinogenic Drugs
    Mushroom and nutmeg
  114. Cyanide
    Taste of cherry seeds or almonds
  115. Lead poisoning
    • BLue gums
    • basophilic stippling of RBC's
    • seen in pt who work in battery factories and from lead paint
    • affects nervous system
  116. Carbon Monoxide
    • Blue mucous membranes
    • poisoning
    • Cherry red lips
  117. Acetaminophen
    • Tylenol
    • antipyretic analgesic
    • Liver damage (hepatoxic)
  118. Tyramine
    • Hypertension in pt taking MAO inhibitors
    • found in wine and cheese
  119. Lithium
    Drug used to treat bi-polarity that produces tremors
  120. Cholinesterase Inhibitor
  121. Beta blocker
    • Given for hypertension and arrhythmias
    • blocks epinephrine and norepinephrine
  122. Arsenic
    Odor of garlic
  123. EDTA
    • Best substance to remove lead from blood
    • Chelation Therapy
  124. Chlorpromazine
    TX: schizophrenia (anticholinergic/ antipsychotic)
  125. Emetic
    • substance makes you vomit
    • toxic substance taken by mouth normally then use an emetic to get rid of it
  126. Epinephrine
    Used in the treatment of Anaphylactic shock
  127. Activated charcoal
  128. Syrup of Ipecae
    induces vomiting
  129. Gastric Lavage
    Stomach pumping
  130. Pneumoconiosis
    Chronic respiratory disease caused by inhalation of various mineral or metallic particles
  131. Asbestosis
    • Leads to mesothelioma
    • Pneumoconiosis caused by inhalation of asbestos dust
  132. Siderosis
    Pneumoconiosis cause by iron dust
  133. Anthracosis
    Pneumoconiosis caused by coal dust
  134. Byssinosis
    Pneumoconiosis cause by cotton dust
  135. Silicosis
    Sand/ stone dust (potery) causes pneumoconiosis
  136. Woolsorter's Disease
    Inhalation of anthrax
  137. Obstetrics and Gynecology
  138. Amenorrhea
    • Abnormal cessation of menses
    • absent pre menarche and post menopause
  139. Amniocentesis
    • Done for the health of the fetus
    • chromosomes
    • lung maturity
  140. Colostrum
    First breast milk
  141. Dilation of cervix
    expansion or stretch of cervix during 1st stage of labor
  142. Dysmenorrhea
    • Painful Menses
    • primary= increase prostaglandins
    • secondary= pathology (endometriosis)
  143. Dystocia
    Abnormal painful or prolonged labor
  144. Effacement
    Thinning of cervix
  145. Engagement
    Decent of the fetal skull to the level of the ischial spines
  146. Hyperemesis Gravidarum
    Excessive nausea and vomiting during pregnancy
  147. Lightening
    • baby drops into the pelvis 2wks before delivery
    • Produces lower abdominal pain
  148. Linea Nigra
    • Dark streak down the midline of the abdomen
    • seen during pregnancy
  149. Lochia
    • Vaginal discharge after delivery and throughout the puerperium
    • 1st= red
    • 2nd=yellow
    • 3rd=white
  150. Menarche
    1st menstrual cycle
  151. Mittelschmerz
    Pain in abdomen at ovulation
  152. Multiparous
    More than one delivery of viable infants
  153. Nulliparous
    Never given birth to a viable infant
  154. Primpara
    1st pregnancy w/ a viable infant
  155. Puerperium
    • Period of time after delivery of the placenta to the complete involution of the organs
    • infection during this time= Puerperal Sepsis
  156. Quickening
    1st perception by the mother of fetal life
  157. Station
    Id's the fetal position (cm) in relation to the spines of the Ischium
  158. Sign of Pregnancy
    • Menses 3 Wks late
    • Presence of Fetal heart beat (best)
  159. Chadwick's sign
    Bluish discoloration of the vagina
  160. Goodell's sign
    Softening of the tip of the cervix
  161. Hegar's sign
    Softening of the isthmus of the uterus
  162. Piskacek's sign
    Enlargement of the uterus near the uterine tube over the site of implantation
  163. Atonic Uterus
    MC reason for post partum hemorrhage
  164. Braxton Hick's Contractions
    Early uterine contraction (oxytocin) w/out cervical changes
  165. Cervix
    MC malignancy of the female genital tract
  166. Chloasma AKA Melasma
    Brown Hyperpigmentation of the face/mask of pregnancy
  167. Choriocarcinoma
    Malignancy of the placenta due to abnormal epithelium
  168. Cystocele
    Herniation of the urinary bladder into the vagina
  169. Eclampsia
    Toxemia of pregnancy caused by hypertension leading to convulsions
  170. Endometriosis
    • Abnormal endometrial tissue outside the uterus
    • Abdominal/ Back Pain
  171. Endometritis
    • MC type of post partum infection (staph/strep)
    • inflammation of endometrium
  172. Fibrocystic Breast disease
    Palpable nodule in breast after ovulation w/ regression after menses
  173. Hydatidform Mole
    • Benign of trophoblastic tissue which develops at the placenta
    • may become malignant=choriocarcinoma
    • Very Hight HCG
  174. Pre-eclampsia
    • Toxemia of pregnancy w/ following signs:
    • HEP- hypertension
    • Edema
    • Proteinuria
  175. Rectocele
    • Herniation of the rectum into the vagina
    • Collapsed pouch
    • along  the posterior vaginal wall
  176. Hormones
  177. FSH
    Maturation of the follicle
  178. Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG)
    • Health of Corpus Leuteum
    • used to detect pregnancy
  179. LH
    Most responsible for ovulaiton
  180. Oxytocin
    • Uterine contractions during labor
    • Milk let down (ejection) following delivery
  181. Prolactin
    Responsible for milk production
  182. Stages of Labor
    • 1st= 1st meaningful contraction- full dilation of cervix (10cm), longest stage
    • 2nd= full dilation-> delivery of baby
    • 3rd= delivery-> delivery of placenta (most dangerous to mother)
    • 4th=delivery of placenta-> several hours when tone of the uterus is established and uterus contracts expelling any remaining contents
  183. Placenta
    Praevia= Low lying placenta w/ partial obstruction of internal OS

    Abruptio= Normally placed, detaches from site, spontaneous abortion/ premature separation

    Accreta= Does not separate after delivery
  184. Pap Smear Classification
    • Taken at tip of cervix and surrounding structures then stained
    • I=normal
    • II= Atypical or benign (infection or inflammation)
    • III= Dysplasia/ Pre-cancerous
    • IV= In situ/ non-invasive carcinoma
  185. Pediatrics
  186. Milestones
    • 1st teeth= 6-8months
    • 1st food= 6 months
    • Assisted walking= 10-14 months
    • Unassisted walking= 12-18 months
    • Talking= 10-15 works vocabulary @ 18mnths
    • Umbilical cord falls off= 7-10 days
  187. Fontanelles
    • Posterior Fontanelle= closes 3 months
    • Anterior Fontanelle= closes 2 yrs
    • Depressed Fontanelle= Dehydration
    • Bulging Fontanelle= Intracranial pressure, possible excessive crying
  188. Terms
  189. APGAR Score
    • Heart rate
    • Respiratory rate
    • color
    • muscle tone
    • reflex irritability
    • Does not include birth weight
    • done at 1 and 5 mins
  190. Lanugo
    • Fuzzy hair on baby skin
    • excessive premature
  191. Meconium
    1st discharge from the intestine of newborn
  192. Mongolian Spots
    Bluish, ill defined areas f skin in the buttocks/ scrotal region
  193. Premature
    • infant born b/w 26-37th wk
    • weigh less than 2500g
  194. Vernix Caseosa
    White cheesy substance on the baby's skin at birth
  195. Conditions
  196. Botulism
    Food poisoning produced by honey, corn syrup, and molasses in newborn
  197. Caput Succedeum
    Baby's head has an unusual shape due to swelling of the scalp, considered benign condition
  198. Cradle cap
    Similar to seborrheic dermatitis in an adult
  199. Enuresis
  200. Fetal alcohol syndrome
    • Delayed growth
    • microcephaly
    • retardation
    • infranasal depression
  201. Kwashiorkor
    Protein malnutrition (ascities)
  202. Leukemia
    MC cancer in children & Down Syndrome
  203. Marasmus
    General Malnutrition
  204. Prickly Heat
    Miliaria from sweat glands
  205. Prolapsed cord
    Leads to fetal suffocation
  206. Vitamin K
    Prevents hemorrhage in newborns
  207. Communicable Disease Associated w/ a Virus
  208. Measles (rubella, rubeola)
  209. Rubella
    • AKA German Measles
    • 3 day measles, lasts short time w/ maculopapular rash and mild fever Danger to the fetus in the st trimester b/c it may result in birth defects
  210. Rubeola
    • Prodromal stage of coryza (runny nose)
    • Koplic spots on buccal mucosa
    • Lasts 2wk
    • Maculopapular rash and HIgh fever
    • MC serious complication in bronchopneumonia
  211. Chicken Pox
    • Lesion type: Maculopapular rash
    • Organism: Herpes Zoster
  212. Mumps
    a mild disease in children and adults located in the parotid gland that can produce orchitis
  213. Croup
    • Childhood disease 
    • resonant barking cough
    • Laryngeal spasm
  214. Communicable diseases Associated w/ Bacteria
  215. Pertussis AKA Whooping Cough
    • Bordetella Pertussis
    • Most dangerous to infants 1yr
    • Fatalities are due to bronchopneumonia
    • Death by Anoxia
  216. Diphtheria
    • Cornybacterium Diphtheria
    • Gray pseudomembrane on the throat
    • Schick Test
  217. Scarlet Fever
    • Group A Strep. Pyogenes
    • Desquamation (peeling) of superficial layer
    • Strawberry tongue
    • ASO titer
  218. Roseola Infantum
    • Rash starts on the trunk and goes to extremities
    • Rash comes out when fever breaks
  219. Reflexes
  220. Rooting Reflex
    • Stroking corner of mouth
    • infants mouth will open and turn to side that was touched
    • Most basic primitive reflex (Brain stem)
  221. Sucking Reflex
    • Elicited by placing a finger or nipple in the mouth of newborn
    • stimulates oxytocin release
  222. Tonic Neck Reflex
    Dr. rotate head of a supine baby and the ipsilateral arm and leg extend while the contralateral arm and leg flex
  223. Moro AKA Startle Reflex
    • Arms and legs flare out to side in response to loud sound
    • Then brought back into body
    • sensory integration
  224. Landau Reflex
    Infant should attempt to raise the head and arch the back when placed in a prone position
  225. Geriatric (conditions)
  226. DJD
    • MC geriatric neuromuscular complaint
    • MC in weight bearing joints
    • Heberden's nodes= DIPS
  227. Arcus Senilis
    Grayish Opaque ring around cornea
  228. Presbyopia
    • Loss of elasticity of the lens or hardening of the lens
    • Cannot focus on close objects
  229. Presbycussis
    Ability to hear high frequencies is lost
  230. Diabetes Mellitus
    MC endocrine malfunction on the elderly
  231. Iron Deficient Anemia
    MC anemia in geriatrics
  232. Multiple Myeloma
    MC plasma cell dyscrasia
  233. Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
    • Alcoholics
    • B1 (Thiamin) deficiency
  234. Decubitus Ulcer
    • Bed sore that requires protein for healing
    • MC over the sacrum
  235. Hip Fracture
    MC fractured bone in the elderly
  236. Malignant Melanoma
    Any color red ,blue, white, gray
  237. Rodent Ulcer
    Basal cell carcinoma
  238. Squamous cell
    Itchy scaly patch
  239. Macular Degeneration
    MC visual problem in the elderly causing blindness
  240. Alzheimer's Disease
    • Mental deterioration (cortical degeneration)
    • amnesia
    • depression
    • anxiety
    • rigidity
    • Amybetaloid plaques
    • Anxiety
    • Rigidity
  241. other useful information
  242. Tonometer
    • Checks for glaucoma
    • increased intraocular pressure
  243. Vitamin D and Calcium
    Reduces the risk of fracture in elderly
  244. PET scan
    • Positrion Emission Test
    • Measures blood vol.
    • oxygen uptake
    • metabolism
  245. Ageism
    Discriminatory treatment of the elderly
  246. Abandonment
    Transfer of a patient to another dr. w/out the PT's consent
  247. Assault
    Threat of violence to another person
  248. Battery
    Adjusting w/out consent
  249. Binding Arbitration
    No appeal process
  250. Civil court
    Malpractice cases against chiropractors are tried in court
  251. Contract
    • Acceptance consideration
    • 2 or more competent parties
    • legal object and consent to contract
  252. Employer Must pay
    • WOrker's compensation
    • FICA and SS for their employees
  253. Good Samaritan Law
    Good faith rendering of care at an emergency isn't liable for civil damages
  254. Informed consent
    Providing pt w/ feasible alternatives and information of dangers of tx
  255. Libel
    False statement submitted in writing that harms another
  256. negligence
    Failure to conform to the standard of care expected and imposed by laws
  257. Plaintiff
    Where the burden of proof lies in a court of law
  258. Respodent Superior
    Employer is responsible for actions of employees
  259. Slander
    false verbal statement about another
  260. Statue of Limitation
    Length of time you have to sue for an injury
  261. Tort
    Something that causes harm/ loss to another person/ property
  262. ER Procedures
  263. ER assessment
    • Check resonsiveness
    • open airway
    • check for breathing
    • give breaths
    • check pulse
  264. Battle sign
    • Injury behind the head produces a large black and blue spot
    • indicates skull fracture (mastoid process)
  265. Raccoon sign
    Injury produces black and blue spots around the eyes
  266. Lighting INjuries
    • Move out of danger, activte EMS
    • monitor respiratory and cardiac arrest
    • look for entrance and exit wounds
    • Prolonged resucitaiton may be required
  267. Positioning
    • Cardiogenic shock= upright semi-recumbant
    • Neurogenic shock= supine
    • Anaphylactic shock= upright
    • Lower extremity or pelvic injury= supine
  268. Ventricular Fibrillation
    MC Heart rhythm in cardiac arrest
  269. CPR
    • Check breathing 1st thing to do w/ unconscious pt (check scene)
    • Elevate the chin extend head
    • Recover position side lying, bottom arm extended over head, upper leg bent
  270. Burns
    • 1st= Redness, epidermis
    • 2nd=Blisters, epidermis and dermis but not the base of the dermis
    • 3rd= charring of the skin