505 Syntax Exam 1

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505 Syntax Exam 1
2013-11-20 23:58:23

Objective questions about parsing and why movement occurs
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  1. Movement Matters: I to V
    What are the 3 kinds of constituents that can move?
    Why must they move?
    What becomes of the remaining constituents of I after movement occurs (4)?
    When must some constituents that appear destined for movement not move, be left in place, and supplemented with do?
    • Bare TNS & AGR, -en, -ing
    • To find a host
    • Modals, to, and do can't move, feature that are left amalgamate (attach to each other)
    • When a NegP is blocking bare TNS & AGR, they cannot lower (but does not block -ing or -en)
  2. Movement Matters: SpecVP to SpecIP
    Why is it used?
    When is it used?
    What moves?
    When is the constituent moved covert (silent)?
    • To assign case
    • Always
    • Subject of the NP (contents of spec VP)
    • Nonfinite IP (to see, to go)
  3. Movement Matters: Wh-Movement to SpecCP
    When is it used; what can move?
    How can the site of extraction (point of origin) be discovered?
    In what types of embedded clauses is the wh always a constituent?
    • Making wh-questions--wh pronoun moves
    • Answer the question
    • Embedded wh-questions, relative clauses
  4. Movement Matters: I to C (with and w/o wh-movement)
    What is the core element that moves?
    Why does it need to move?
    What different kinds of constituents are capable of movement?
    When does movement appear to be needed but is in fact prohibited?
    When must a constituent that is being moved be supplemented with do?
    • TNS & AGR
    • Interrogative force (?'s)
    • Modals, TNS & AGR, Be, Have
    • Embedded WH
    • Bare TNS & AGR
  5. X-bar Matters: PP attachment
    Where can PPs attach?
    When can the point of attachment have more than one alternative?
    How does the interpretation differ with each potential site of attachment?
    • NP, VP
    • ambiguous sentences
    • various ways
  6. X bar matters: XP
    When can XP be a single word?
    • Pronoun (Wh- and non-wh)
    • Proper names
  7. X-bar matters: X'
    How does one estimate the number of X's there needs to be in an XP before parsing it, particularly when the verb or noun head requires more than one complement and when there are adjunct PPs present?
    When does the complement of X' need to be reversed with respect to the head?
    • Count complements and adjuncts
    • AP
  8. X bar matters: Complex sentences (embedded verb complements)
    What are the various ways that separate IPs can be combined (5)?
    What are the 2 kinds of heads that take clauses as their complements?
    What are the unique characteristics for each type of combination in terms of whether they require complementizers, wh-pronouns, or both?
    Whether these 2 types of constituents can be covert (silent) or not?
    • If, for, that, wh-, to
    • NP, VP
    • see slides
    • that/for/if, wh-words
  9. Word matters
    How are irregulars maintained in a language?
    How does the lexicon change when irregulars are regularized?
    What are the different methods for constructing complex words and how do the methods work?
    • Used frequently (164 in English)
    • Takes away the block on the rules
    • Inflectional, derivational, compounding