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Assimilation refers to...
the process by which a culturally distinct group in a society is forced or volunteers to give up its unique culture to get educational slots, jobs, or contracts
What are the two types of assimilation?
- forced assimilation
- voluntary assimilation
examples of assimilation
- Black people faced forced assimilation through slavery
- American Indians faced forced assimilation in Indian boarding schools like Carlyle
Pluralism refers to...
a pattern of intergroup relations wherein a number of racial and ethnic groups live side by side, each retaining a distinct identity and lifestyle while still participating in some aspects of the larger culture
examples of pluralism
neighborhood, city, county, state, or country wherein you have multiple racial groups and ethnic groups
What is the opposite term for a pluralist society?
Milton Gordon's Three Ideological Tendencies of Intergroup Relations refers to...
a typology of intergroup relations which consist of three dimensions
What are the three dimensions of Milton Gordon's Ideological Tendencies of Intergroup Relations?
- 1. Anglo-conformity
- 2. The melting pot
- 3. Cultural pluralism
What is the title of the book where Milton Gordon first wrote about the three ideological tendencies of intergroup relations? What year did Milton Gordon write this book?
Assimilation in American Life
Anglo conformity refers to...
a pattern of intergroup relations wherein the White Anglo Saxon Protestants (WASPs) will demand that culturally distinct groups give up their own cultures and adopt the norms and values of the dominant Anglo-Saxon culture
example of anglo confromity
White Jewish people from Russian change their original names to get jobs, contracts, or educational slots controlled by WASPs
The melting pot refers to...
a pattern of intergroup relations based on a theory that there would be a biological merging of racial and ethnic groups, resulting in a "new indigenous American type"
Cultural pluralism refers to...
a pattern of intergroup relations wherein culturally distinct groups can retain their communities and culturally distinct groups can retain their communities and much of their culture even though they participate in institutions of the larger society
Affirmative action refers to...
policies designed to correct persistent racial, ethnic, and gender inequalities in promotion, hiring, and access to oppotunities
example of affirmative action
a federal or state program developed to give preference to people in the areas of jobs, contracts, and/or educational slots