SPEECH SCIENCE RETAKE

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jadnebalasca
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248423
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SPEECH SCIENCE RETAKE
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2013-11-25 13:34:56
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Retake
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  1. Two pleural fluid properties linking lungs to the chest wall:
    A. surface tension and negative air pressure
    B. gaseous expansion and Bermoulli's law
    C. adhesion and induction
    A. Surface tension and negative air pressure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Lungs expand within chest wall is due to:
    A. Pleural adhesion 
    B. Pleural linkage
    C. Pleural locking
    B. Pleural linkage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Small air sacs at the end of alveolar ducts have minute depressions called:
    A. Air saccules
    B. Alveolar depression
    C. Alveoli
    C. Alveoli
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. The space between the vocal folds is:
    A. Glottela
    B. Glottal port
    C. Glottis
    C. Glottis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. The force beneath the vocal folds is the:
    A. Subglottal air pressure
    B. Glottal space pressure
    C. inferior air pressure
    A. Subglottal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The sound produced by the vocal folds is the:
    A. Voice tone
    B. Speech spectrum
    C. Glottal tone
    C. Glottal tone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. What are the three passive forces of expiration
    Elastic recoil of lungs, rib torque and gravity of lungs
  8. Active speech expiration requires controlled relaxation of the muscles of inspiration. This controlled release of air pressure for speech is called:
    muscular checking
  9. The most ventral portion of the mediastinum is called:
    Anterior mediastinum
  10. The upper aspect of the mediastinum is called
    superior mediastinum
  11. During normal breathing the vocal folds are in an __________ position
  12. During speech the vocal folds are in an ___________ position
    Adducted
  13. The space just beneath your vocal folds is referred to as the:
    A. Venus
    B. Sub glottal space
    C. Glottal aperture
    B. Sub glottal space
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The amount of air that can be forcibly exhaled following quiet expiration is the:
    A. inspiratory reserve volume 
    B. Reservoir air
    C. Expiratory reserve volume
    C. Expiratory reserve volume
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The amount of air one is capable of holding in the lungs after maximum inhalation and is equal to all lung volumes:
    A. Functional residual capacity
    B. Total lung capacity
    C. Vital capacity
    B. Total lung capacity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Inspirations forces provide an active checking force when lung volumes are above this capacity and expiratory forces are active when lung volumes are below this capacity:
    A. About 50%
    B. About 30%
    C. About 40%
    C. About 40%
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The lungs have two surfaces, the:
    A. pleural surface and the cortical surface
    B. costal surface and the medial surface
    C. The costich surface and the superior surface
    B. costal surface and the medial surface
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. The right lung has how many lobes:
    A. 4
    B. 3
    C. 2
    B. 3
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. The pleural membranes:
    A. link the lungs to the chest wall
    B. provide friction free movement of the lungs
    C. A and B
    D. provide O2 exchange at the level of the single blood cell
    C. A, B, and C
    C. A and B
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. The directions in which the thoracic cavity expands:
    A. antero-posteriorly, laterally, superiorly
    B. antero-posteriorly, vertically, inferiorly
    C. antero-posteriorly, vertically, laterally
    C. antero-posteriorly, vertically, laterally
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. The tip of the lung, lying under the clavicles is called the:
    A. superior margin
    B. Apex
    C. Base
    B. Apex
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. The theory explaining how the vocal folds open and close to create phonation is:
    A. The blum-Bermoulli-elastic Theory
    B. The myoelastic-aerodynamic theory
    C. The Glottal Explosion Theory
    B. The myoelastic-aerodynamic theory
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Elasticity and the Bermoulli principle account for:
    A. Closure of the vocal folds
    B. Elevation of the vocal folds
    C. Lengthening of the vocal folds
    A. Closure of the vocal folds
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. The complex way that the vocal folds vibrate is explained by the:
    A. Two mass or cover body theory
    B. Neurodynamic theory
    C. Laryngeal mass theory
    A. Two mass or cover body theory
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Terminal bronchioles communicate with:
    A. Cochlear ducts
    B. Alveoli ducts
    C. Bronchioles
    B. Alveoli ducts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. During resting-breathing the predominant muscles of inhalation include:
    A. Diaphragm, scalenes, subclavius, pectoralis major and minor
    B. Rectus abdominis, transverse abdominal, horizontal abdominal
    C. Diaphragm and intercostals
    C. Diaphragm and intercostals
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Elastic recoil of the lungs, rib torque and gravity are used during:
    A. active speaking
    B. quiet exhalation
    C. quiet inhalation
    B. quiet exhalation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. We exchange about .5 liters of air in our:
    A. Vital capacity
    B. Tidal wave
    C. Tidal volume
    C. Tidal volume
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. The major vocal fold characteristics that relate to voice quality are:
    A. length, width, height
    B. length, width, tension
    C. length, mass, tension
    C. length, mass, tension
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Boyles law states:
    A. volume and pressure of a gas are inversely proportional
    B. the rate of gaseous expansion is proportional to the size of the lungs
    C. for every speech sound there is a neuro-evolutionary time....
    A. volume and pressure of a gas are inversely proportional
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. The heart and lungs lie within a section of the thoracic cavity which is the:
    A. mediastinum
    B. middle cavern
    C. medial wall
    A. mediastinum
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. The anterior cartilage of the larynx (which happens to be the largest)
    A. thyroid cartilage
    B. cricoid cartilage
    C. arytenoid cartilage
    A. thyroid cartilage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. The cartilage that extends from the posterior aspect of the thyroid is the:
    A. corniculate
    B. arytenoid
    C. epiglottis
    C. epiglottis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Surrounding each lung is an air-tight membrane, integral to the lung is the:
    A. visceral pleura
    B. costal pleura
    C. mediastinum pleura
    A. visceral pleura
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. The right lung has:
    A. three lobes
    B. two lobes
    C. one lobe
    A. three lobes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. The left lung is divided by the:
    A. neural fissure
    B. oblique fissure
    C. horizontal fissure
    B. oblique fissure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. The posterior cricoarytenoid muscle functions to ______________ the vocal folds.
    abduct
  38. The lateral cricoarytenoid and oblique arytenoids __________ the vocal folds.
    adduct
  39. The larynx is tilted forward and downward by the __________.
    cricothyroid muscle
  40. The two phases of phonation are:
    • Prephonation phase
    • Attack phase
  41. Muscles of active inspiration include:
    • Latissimus dorsi
    • Serratus Anterior
    • Diaphragm
    • Pectoralis major
    • Pectoralis minor
    • Serratus Posterior
  42. Muscles of active expiration
    • Rectus abdominus
    • Internal oblique
    • external oblique
    • transversus abdominis
  43. What theory describes and predicts the most resonant frequency of the vocal folds?
    Quarter-wave theory
  44. The superior border of the quadrangular membrane
    aryepiglottic fold
  45. the inferior border of the quadrangular membrane
    ventricular fold
  46. inferior border of conus elasticus
    vocal ligament (?)
  47. Myoelastic aerodynamic theory of voice production
    there are two forces in the theory that allows voice to be produced in the vocal folds. One is the elasticity that pulls back the vocal folds to the closed adducted position and the other one is the Bermoulli principle which is the greater external air pressure, the pressure between vocal folds is lesser thus pushes it back down
  48. Two mass cover-body theory of phonation
    voice characteristics differ from every individual. The length, mass, and structure of the vocal folds dictate the quality of voice production. The vocal folds is comprised of various tissues, mucous and ligaments which changes as we age and may also be due to medical issues

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