Psychology test 6

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Psychology test 6
2013-11-23 14:18:54
Chapter 11 personality

Chapter 11 personality
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  1. Hippocrates ideas on personality NO
    Had to do with blood - too much blood if you were overly optimistic; he would bleed you.
  2. William Sheldon's ideas on personality
    • Somatype
    • Ectomorph
    • Mesomorph
    • Endomorph
  3. Sheldon's personality type that is body type - based on build you have you are a certain personality
  4. Sheldon't idea on personality that says if you are thin skinny and angular builds you are a criminal
  5. Sheldon's idea on personality type that says strong, muscular, athletic builds - you are well adjusted and happy
  6. Sheldon's idea on personality type that says if you are round, rolly poly and fluffy, happy and jolly
  7. An individual's characteristic style of behaving, thinking, and feeling
  8. He believes that personality is ______% genetic and _____% environment  NO
    • 78%
    • 22%
  9. A standard series of ambiguous stimuli designed to elicit unique responses that reveal inner aspects of an individuals personality
    Projective techniques
  10. Two trait measurement tests are
    • MMPI - only as objective as the person is truthful
    • The big Five Dimensions of Personality - Most common one to test personality
  11. Two projective techniques are
    • Rorschach inkblot test
    • Thematic apperception test
  12. A relatively stable disposition to behave in a certain way
    trait measurement
  13. What is the most common test for personality?
    Big Five Dimensions of Personality
  14. Freud's three main ideas are?
    • Psychic determinism
    • unconscious motivation
    • conflict
  15. Freud's three levels of consciousness
    • Conscious
    • preconscious
    • unconscious
  16. Freud believes everything we do today happens because of what happiness yesterday. The past creates the present
    psychic determinism
  17. Freud said you do a lot of things but not know why
    unconscious motivation
  18. freud loves ______, between good (moral) and Bad (want, carnal, dark) parts of personality
  19. One of the levels of consciousness described by freud to be the here and now - present - what we are aware of at any given time
  20. Freud's idea of consciousness that is memory, not up to "this moment" conscious level - but can bring it up - acts as a gatekeeper
  21. Freud's idea of consciousness that is all sex and aggression -- we are not aware of it
  22. Freud's theory of personality focused on the _____ and how it influences our _______ and lives.  He believed that our _______ operates in the ________ part of our minds.
    • unconscious
    • behavior
    • personality
    • unconscious
  23. Freud saw the personality having three aspects they are
    • Id - based on the pleasure principle
    • Superego - based on the moral principle
    • Ego - based on the reality principle
  24. waht personality aspect of freud's says born with drives - sex aggression, freud says these are instincts, "devil" made me do it, its unconscious
  25. What personality aspect of freud's says this is socialized - they teach you norms laws rules of society, teach you how to conduct youself,  you develop a conscious.  It's the "Angel" freud says it's both conscious and unconscious
  26. What personality aspect of Freud's says executive of the mind.  It is rational, logical, it is the decision maker. Conscious, the _____ will stop the _____ from getting what it wants -- it will just do it in a more acceptable way to society
    • Ego
    • Id
  27. Freud identified two classes of drives they are
    • life or sexual instincts (also called Eros)
    • Death instincts (also called thantos)
  28. What class of drive that Freud identified deals with survival, reproduction, and pleasure?
    Life or sexual instincts (Eros)
  29. What class of drive from Freud deals with believeing the goal of life was to die
    Death instincts (Thanatos)
  30. What therapy did freud do that dealt with telling him the first thing that comes to your mind, 2nd etc...
    Free association
  31. refers to the release of emotional tension that builds in relationship to tension that leads to aggression
  32. Freud's 5 psychosexual stages are
    • Oral
    • Anal
    • Phallic
    • Latency
    • Genital
  33. What psychosexual stage goes from birth to 1-1 1/2 years of age and he says our personality comes at this time?
  34. What psychosexual stage goes from 1-1 1/2 to 3 years and is the time where we learn neat and tidy, give and take, look I'm in charge, potty training
  35. What psychosexual stage goes from 3-6 year and is where you figure out sexuality, you look in the mirror and that is your definition of feminity/masculinity
  36. What psychosexual stage goes from 6 years to adolescence and is where sex and aggression go to sleep, they're not the driving forces anymore
  37. Which psychosexual stage is it when sex and aggression wake up - become the driving force now for rest of life
  38. Freud's psycho-sexual stages are a _____  _____ of development.... the first such ____.  Further he believed that a child's personality developed between birth up until age ____!
    • grand theory
    • theory
    • 6
  39. Freud says that you have to _____ each psychosexual stage or you get ____ in one and never move on
    • resolve
    • stuck
  40. What complex of does freud say happens between 3-6 for "men" that says "in love with my mom do bad to dad so have moms love"
    Oedipus complex
  41. What complex does Freud say happens to women between 3-6 "fall in love with dad and do bad things to mom to have dads love"
    Electra complex
  42. What does Freud say in his young years he described _____  as sexual energy, and later he describe it as life energy
  43. In three of Freud's stages the child has conflicts, which if not resolve properly, will create a _______ or to be stuck in that stage
  44. According to Freud when anxiety occurs, the ego does one of two things
    • Tries to consciously deal with the source of the threat through some type of problem coping effort
    • It uses defense mechanisms that are intended to avoid or alleviate the anxiety to keep or get away from it altogether
  45. Freud argued for several assumptions regarding defense mechanisms
    • normal, typical
    • carried to extremes, lead to compulsive unhealthy behavior
    • operate on unconscious level (beginning)
    • protect the ego against anxiety
    • They are helpful to individual and generally harmless to society
    • They all have repression as a key element
  46. Defense mechanisms deny, falsify or distort _____ in some way. Make what is - what isn't
  47. Defense mechanisms identified by Freud
    • Repression
    • Rationalization
    • regression
    • reaction formation
    • projection
    • displacement
  48. Other defense mechanisms identified by psychologists
    • -  denial (don't even know I am lying)
    • -  sublimation (take our anxiety out on an activity (like exercising when you're angry)
    • -  intellectualization - gets to emotional level gets scary so talk about something safer more "intellectual".
    • - suppression - like your emotions in a divorce, or the way Lavell Edwards face on the sidelines of a game.
  49. Freud's book ___ ________ of ______
    made him famous
  50. Discriminate b/w ______ ______ of a dream which is the story line of the dream (the literal thing you see in a dream)
    manifest content
  51. The real meaning of a dream according to freud is called
    Latent content (what it says underneath what does it says)
  52. The satisfaction of our needs to be good, fully alive, and find meaning in life....survival, safety, love and belonging, and esteem needs
    Maslow's Hierarchy of needs
  53. Maslows hierarchy of needs has 5 levels from the bottom up they are
    Physical, security, social, ego, self actualization
  54. The first four needs on maslows hierarchy are categorized as ________ needs
    Deficiency - taking care of self
  55. The 5th level on maslows hierarchy of needs is categorized as the ______ needs
    Being - higher things in life, people love what they are doing.
  56. maslow's hierarchy need that is the need for water, air, food exercise rest freedom from diseases and disabilities
  57. Maslow's hierarchy need that is need for safety shelter stability
  58. Maslow's hierarchy need that is the need for being loved, belonging, inclusion
  59. Maslow's hierarchy need that says the need for self esteem, power recognition, prestige.  these needs are met through achievement, recognition, promotions and bonuses )I want to make myself better, improve myself increase my abilities
  60. Maslow's hierarchy need that says need for development creativity.  These needs are met through autonomy and achievment
  61. What is the term that says personality is governed by an individuals ongoing choices and decisions in the context of the realities of life and death
    Existential personality approach
  62. Consistency of personality across situations -- personality is viewed in terms of how the person things about the situations encountered in daily life and behaves in response to them
    The social cognitive approach
  63. What are the four faces of personality
    • The social face
    • The personal face
    • real face
    • forgotten face
  64. waht personality face is it that says use to impress other people
    social face
  65. What personality face is it that says can't lie about ourselves to ourselves
    • personal face
    • strong social face to hide weak personal face
  66. What personality face says "you do something better than all the rest of us (classmates) you have something to offer life -- how we really are
    The real face
  67. What personality face says what we once were
    The forgotten face - take some stuff as a kid - lost the "innocence" as you grew up
  68. Focusing on the question of whether behavior is caused more by pesonality or situatinal factors
    The person situation controversy
  69. What effect is it that says situation drives the personality ahd to make hard decisions
    The Truman effect
  70. What are schemas or insights we create or build from experiences - we have them and they are different about different aspects of life and experience tends to change them.  Different of these is what is key to personality differences
    Personal constructs
  71. When we set personal goals and expectancies, we tend to get what we expect
    outcome expectancies
  72. An individuals generalized expectations concerning where control over subsequent events resides.  In other words, who or what is responsible for what happens
    locus of control
  73. some see the locus of control coming from within (your fault if things don't turn out right)
  74. some see locus of control coming from outside of themselves - if things don't turn ouf its everyone elses fault
    external locus of control
  75. this is part of personality that the person knows and can report about and is abstractly organized and reported in terms of personality traits
    The self concept
  76. THis is the information we store about ourselves
    Autobiographical memory
  77. this is what we tell ourselves as we identify the ghighlights, as well as the low points of our life into a story
    Self narrative
  78. We tend ot seek evidence that which confirms our self-concept
    self verification
  79. a sense of self worth which arises comes from being accepted and valued by significant others.. parents, family, friends, work colleagues, etx.  It can also involve the feeling of competence in scholarship, sports, activities etc..
    self esteem
  80. What is it called when you try do do best from the first day of class or going to gat an "A" whatever it takes.  We think we can do it and we pour energy in that it takes to do it
    self efficacy
  81. People tend to take credit for their successes, but downplay responsibility for their failures
    self serving bias
  82. Positive self-esteem to extremes.  Have a grandiose view of self,combined with a tendency to seek constant admiration from others
  83. B.F. Skinner say learn our personalities from people around us.  Become how we think we ought to become
    Behaviorist perspective of personality
  84. karen Horney perspective on hostile families
    • Move toward people - take care of drunk dad door mat
    • move against people - life's fighters
    • move away from people - loners
  85. certain circumstances we become different according to the situation. Learn to "do life" differently different cultures
    sociocultural perspective of personality
  86. due to your actions good looks, behaviors you get good grades even if don't deserve them
    Halo effect - girl getting into college that was really pretty and smart
  87. What is the YAVIS syndrome
    • Young
    • attractive
    • verbal
    • intelligent
    • successful
    • We all discriminate against people that don't have YAVIS qualities