Vitamin quick test

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Vitamin quick test
2013-11-22 09:26:20
my vitamins

This is just a quick skim through vitamins I need to know for a test.
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  1. Vitamin E
    • - vitamin in search of a disease, may cause muscular dystrophy as described with selenium
    • -Tocopherol acetate is the most commercially available form of this vitamin
    • -Acts as an antioxidant by tying up excess oxygen in oil containing feeds in the animal body
  2. Vitamin A
    • -Retinal palmitate is a chemically stable form of this vitamin
    • -a deficiency of this causes night blindness and reproductive failure
  3. Vitamin D
    • -toxicity of this vitamin causes decalcification of skeletal tissue and calcification of soft tissue
    • -Ergosterol is the chief source of this vitamin in plants
  4. Vitamin K
    • -required for normal blood clotting by synthesizing prothrombin
    • -dicoumarol is antagonist of this vitamin
    • -phylloquinone is a source of this vitamin in green veggies
    • -Menaquinon is a product of bacterial flora in the GI tract and is a form of this fat soluble vitamin
  5. Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C)
    • -important in collagen metabolism and iron absorption
    • -deficiency causes bleeding gums/scurvy, slow wound healing and hemorrhaging
    • -Not synthesized in tissue
  6. Folic Acid
    • -Involved in enzyme systems that incorporate single C units into larger molecules
    • -Deficiency=anemia
  7. Riboflavin (B2)
    • Component of coenzyme calvin adenine dinucleotide (FAD)
    • -deficiency curled toe paralysis in birds
  8. pantothenic acid
    • Component of acetyl coenzyme A molecule
    • -Deficiency= dermatitis, loss of hair, and is commonly deficient in swine and poultry
  9. Pyridoxine (B6)
    • involved in amino acid decarboxylation and transamination and red blood cell formation
    • -deficiency= skin lesions, convulsions and anemia
  10. Choline
    • -Component of lecithin and acetyl choline
    • -perosis, and poor production in swine are signs of deficiency
  11. Biotin
    • Component of coenzyme carboxylase
    • -deficiency= dermatitis, loss of hair, perosis in chicks
  12. Thiamin (B1)
    • Phosphorylated to TPP which converts pyretic acid to acetyl CoA
    • -Deficiency=BeriBeri in humans, convulsions, anorexia, cardiovascular disease
  13. Niacin (B3)
    • Constituent of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD)
    • -deficiency= pellagra in humans, 4D's (death, diarrhea, dermatitis, and dementia)
  14. B12
    • - a crucial component of several coenzymes
    • -deficiency=anemia, hatching problems in birds