Chapter 7

Card Set Information

Author:
abuter
ID:
248505
Filename:
Chapter 7
Updated:
2013-12-30 20:09:49
Tags:
Cardiovascular System
Folders:

Description:
flashcards
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user abuter on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. bi-
    two
  2. brady
    slow
  3. con
    together with
  4. dys
    difficult
  5. end
    endo
    within
  6. extra
    outside
  7. -blast
    • immature cell
    • germ cell
  8. -graph
    recording
  9. -osis
    cond of
  10. -ia
    cond of
  11. -ion
    process
  12. -cuspid
    point
  13. -ole
    small
  14. -um
    tissue
  15. -ectasis
    dilation
  16. -emia
    blood cond
  17. -in
    chemical
  18. -metry
    measurement
  19. -gen
    • produce
    • formation
  20. -er
    relating to
  21. -ide
    having a particular qaulity
  22. -or
    • one who
    • a doer
  23. ox/i
    oxygen
  24. occlus
    to shut up
  25. mitr
    mitral valve
  26. prot/e
    first
  27. lip/o
    fat
  28. isch
    to hold back
  29. infarct
    infarct (necrosis of an area)
  30. tens
    pressure
  31. dynam
    power
  32. hem
    hem/o
    blood
  33. fibrillat
    fibrils (sm fibers)
  34. corpor/e
    body
  35. embol
    a throwing in
  36. angin
    to choke
  37. ang/i
    angi/o
    vessel
  38. card
    card/o
    card/i
    heart
  39. sten
    narrowing
  40. aort/o
    aorta
  41. rrhythm
    rhythm
  42. arter/i
    arteri/o
    arter
    artery
  43. scler
    hardening
  44. ather
    fatty substance
  45. anastom
    opening
  46. ventricul
    ventricule
  47. auscultat
    listen to
  48. my/o
    muscle
  49. pulmonar
    lung
  50. ton
    tone
  51. vascul
    sm vessel
  52. chol/e
    bile
  53. sterol
    solid (fat)
  54. circulat
    circular
  55. claudicat
    to lump
  56. strict
    to draw, bind
  57. cyan
    dark blue
  58. diast
    to expand
  59. ech/o
    echo
  60. electr/o
    electricity
  61. phon/o
    sound
  62. palpitat
    throbbing
  63. phleb
    phleb/o
    vein
  64. lun
    moon
  65. sept
    partition
  66. sin/o
    a curve
  67. atri
    atrium
  68. sphygm/o
    pulse
  69. man/o
    thin
  70. steth/o
    chest
  71. syst
    contraction
  72. tel
    end
  73. thromb/o
    clot of blood
  74. glyc
    • sweet
    • sugar
  75. vas/o
    vessel
  76. dilat
    to widen
  77. ACG
    angiocardiography
  78. AI
    aortic insufficiency
  79. AS
    arotic stenosis 
  80. ASD
    atrial septal defect
  81. ASH
    asymmetrical septal hypertrophy
  82. ASHD
    arteriosclerotic heart diesase
  83. AST
    aspartate aminostransferase
  84. a surgical connection between blood vessels
    or
    the joining of one hollow or tubular organ to another
    anastomosis
  85. a sac formed by a local widening of the wall of an artery or a vein
    aneurysm
  86. pert to attacks of choking or suffocative pain
    anginal
  87. the germ cell from which blood vessels develop
    angioblast
  88. the process of recording the heart and vessels after an IV injection of a radiopaque solution
    angiocardiography
  89. inflammation of the heart and its great vessels
    angiocarditis
  90. a tumor of a blood vessel
    angioma
  91. surgical repair of a blood vessel or vessels
    angioplasty
  92. a cond of narrowing of a blood vessel
    angiostenosis
  93. softening of the walls of the aorta
    aortomalacia
  94. a cond in which there is a lack of rhythm of the heartbeat
    arrhythmia
  95. pert to an artery
    arterial
  96. a cond of hardening of an artery
    arteriosclerosis
  97. inflammation of an artery
    arteritis
  98. an electronic device that stimulates impulse initiation within the heart
    artificial pacemaker
  99. tumor of an artery containing a fatty substance
    atheroma
  100. a buildup of fatty substances and hardening of the artery walls
    atherosclerosis
  101. pert to the atrium and the ventricle
    aterioventriclar
  102. physical assessment using a stethoscope to listen to sounds within the chest, abd, or other body parts
    auscultation
  103. having two points or cusps; 
    pertaining to the mitral valve
    bicuspid
  104. a sound of venous or arterial origin heard on auscultation
    bruit
  105. pert to the heart
    cardiac
  106. surgical puncture of the heart
    cardiocentesis
  107. instrument used to measure the action of the heart
    cardiometer
  108. disease of the heart muscle
    cardiomyopathy
  109. pert to the heart and lungs
    cardiopulmonary
  110. pert to increasing the tone of the heart; a type of medication
    cardiotonic
  111. pert to the heart and sm blood vessels
    cardiovascular
  112. the process of inserting a catheter into the heart or the urinary bladder
    catheterization
  113. a waxy, fat-like substance in the bloodstream
    cholesterol
  114. process of moving blood throughout the body
    circulation
  115. process of lameness, limping
    claudication
  116. the process of drawing together, as in the narrowing of vessels
    constriction
  117. a surgical procedure performed to increase blood flow to the myocardium by using a section of a saphenous vein or internal mammary artery to bypass the obstructed or occluded coronary artery
    coronary bypass
  118. narrowing of the coronary arteries preventing adequate blood supply to the myocardium
    coronary heart disease  (CHD)
  119. blueing of the skin and mucous membranes caused by oxygen deficiency
    cyanosis
  120. the relaxation phase of the heart cycle during which the heart muscle relaxes and the heart chambers fill with blood
    diastole
  121. an abnormal, difficult, or bad rhythm
    dysrhythmia
  122. a noninvasive US method for evaluting the heart
    echocardiogram
  123. device used for recording the electrical impulses of the heart muscle
    echocardiograph
  124. a device used to record heart sounds
    echocardiophonograph
  125. a cond in which a blood clot obstructs a blood vessel
    embolism
  126. surgical excision of the inner portion of an artery
    endarterectomy
  127. inflammation of the endocardium
    endocarditis
  128. the inner lining of the heart
    endocardium
  129. pert to the circulation of the blood outside the body via a heart-lung machine or hemodialyzer
    extracorporeal circulation
  130. quivering of muscle fiber; may be atrial or ventriclar
    fibrillation
  131. a cond of the heartbeat in which the contraction become extremely rapid
    flutter
  132. a d/o in which the heart loses its ability to pump blood efficiently
    heart failure
  133. surgical process of transferring the heart and lungs from a donor to a patent
    heart-lung transplant
  134. dilatation of a blood vessel
    hemangiectasis
  135. a benign tumor of a blood vessel
    hemangioma
  136. the heart's ability to function as a pump;

    the movement of the blood and its pressure
    hemodynamic
  137. high blood pressure
    hypertension
  138. low blood pressure
    hypotension
  139. developing infarct caused by necrosis of tissue resulting from obstruction of blood flow
    infarction
  140. lack of blood supply caused by constriction or obstruction of a blood vessel
    ischemia
  141. fat and protein molecules that are bound together
    lipoprotein
  142. narrowing of the mitral valve
    mitral stenosis
  143. a soft blowing or rasping sound heard by auscultation of various parts of the body especially in the region of the heart
    murmur
  144. pert to the heart muscle
    myocardial
  145. heart muscle dies or is permanently damaged bc of an inadequate supply of O2 to that area
    myocardial infarction  (MI)
  146. inflammation of the heart muscle
    myocarditis
  147. the process or state of being closed
    occlusion
  148. O2 sat measurement of the blood
    oximetry
  149. colorless, odorless, tasteless gas essential to respiration
    oxygen
  150. rapid throbbing or fluttering of the heart
    palpitation
  151. the use of a balloon-tipped catheter to compress fatty plaques against an artery wall to permit more blood flow thru the artery
    percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
  152. inflammation of the pericardium
    pericarditis
  153. inflammation of a vein
    phlebitis
  154. incision into a vein
    phlebotomy
  155. a d/o that causes the blood vessels in the digits to narrow
    Raynaud's phenomenon
  156. endocarditis or valvular heart disease as a result of complications of acute rheumatic fever
    rheumatic heart disease
  157. valves of the aorta and pulmonary artery
    semilunar
  158. a wall or partition that divides or separates a body space or cavity
    septum
  159. a state of disruption of oxygen supply to the tissues and a return of blood to the heart
    shock
  160. pert to the sinus venosus and the atrium
    sinoatrial
  161. an instrument used to measure the arterial blood pressure
    sphygmomanometer
  162. hemangioma in which numerous telangiectatic vessels radiate from a central point
    spider veins
  163. instrument used to listen to the sounds of the heart, lungs, and other internal organs
    stethoscope
  164. contractive phase of the heart that forces blood into the aorta and the pulmonary artery
    systole
  165. a fast heartbeat
    tachycardia
  166. a vascular lesion formed by dilatation of a group of small blood vessels
    telanglectasis
  167. inflammation of a vein associated with the formation of a thrombus
    thrombophlebitis
  168. a cond in which there is a blood clot within the vascular system
    thrombosis
  169. a valve having 3 points
    tricuspid
  170. pert to a compound consisting of three molecules of fatty acids
    triglyceride
  171. swollen, distended, and knotted veins which usually occur in the lower legs
    varicose veins
  172. the drawing together, as in the narrowing of a blood vessel
    vasoconstrictive
  173. a nerve or agent that causes dilation of blood vessels
    vasodilator
  174. contraction of a blood vessel
    vasospasm
  175. to pierce a vein
    venipuncture
  176. pert to a ventricle
    ventricular
  177. a 4 chambered, hollow muscular pump
    heart
  178. 3 layers to the heart
    • endocardium
    • myocardium
    • pericardium
  179. inner lining of the heart
    endocardium
  180. muscular middle layer of the heart
    myocardium
  181. outer membranous sac surrounding the heart
    pericardium
  182. branching system of vessels that transports blood from the right and left ventricles of the heart to all body parts
    arteries
  183. vessels that transport blood from peripheral tissues to the heart
    veins
  184. microscopic blood vessels that connect arterioles with venules
    capillaries
  185. right common carotid artery 
    right side of the head and neck
  186. left common carotid artery
    left side of  head and neck
  187. left subclavian artery 
    left upper extremity
  188. brachiocephalic artery  
    head and arm
  189. aortic arch 
    branches to head, neck, and upper extremities
  190. celiac artery 
    stomach, spleen, and liver
  191. renal artery 
    kidneys
  192. superior mesenteric artery 
    lower  half of the lg intestine
  193. inferior mesenteric artery 
    sm intestines and first half of the lg intestine
  194. axillary artery 
    axilla
  195. brachial artery
    arm
  196. radial artery 
    lateral side of the hand
  197. ulnar artery 
    medial side of the hand
  198. internal iliac artery 
    pelvic viscera and rectum
  199. external iliac artery
    genitalia and lower trunk muscles
  200. deep femoral artery
    deep thigh muscles
  201. femoral artery 
    thigh
  202. popliteal artery 
    leg and foot
  203. anterior tibial artery
    leg
  204. dorsalis pedis artery 
    foot
  205. artery located on the radial (thumb) side of the wrist
    radial
  206. artery located in the antecubital space of the elbow
    brachial
  207. artery located in the neck
    carotid
  208. artery located at the temple
    temporal
  209. artery located in the groin
    femoral
  210. artery located behind the knee
    popliteal
  211. artery located on the upper surface of the foot
    dorsalis pedis
  212. external jugular vein
    superficial tissues of the head and neck
  213. internal jugular vein 
    sinuses of the brain
  214. subclavian vein 
    upper extremities
  215. superior venal cava
    head, neck, and upper extremities
  216. inferior vena cava
    lower body
  217. hepatic vein 
    liver
  218. hepatic portal vein
    liver and gallbladder
  219. superior mesenteric vein
    sm intestines and most of the colon
  220. inferior mesenteric vein 
    descending colon and rectum
  221. cephalic vein 
    lateral arm
  222. axillary vein
    axilla and arm
  223. basilic vein
    medial arm
  224. external iliac vein
    lower limb
  225. internal iliac
    pelvic viscera
  226. femoral vein 
    thigh
  227. great saphenous vein 
    leg
  228. popliteal vein 
    lower leg
  229. peroneal vein
    foot
  230. anterior tibial vein 
    deep anterior leg and dorsal foot
  231. upper chambers of the heart
    atria
  232. lower chambers of the heart
    ventricles
  233. divides R/L atria
    interatrial septum
  234. divides R/L ventricles
    interventricular spetum
  235. the atria ____ blood; the ventricles ____ blood
    • receives
    • pumps blood away
  236. 2 lg veins that bring blood into the R atrium
    superior and inferior vena cava
  237. L atrium receives blood from the lungs via the
    R/L pulmonary veins
  238. blood travels from the R atrium to the R ventricle thru the ______ valve; blood then travels thru the ____ valve to the _____
    • arterioventricular
    • semilunar
    • lungs
  239. blood travels from the L atrium thru the _____ valve into the L ventricle; then thru the ____ valve into the _____, where it travels out to all parts of the body except the ____
    blood travels from the L atrium thru the anterioventricular valve to the L ventricle; then thru the semilunar valve to the  aorta where it travels out into the body except for the lungs
  240. the human heart is approx the size of a ____ _____ and weighs approx _____
    • mans hand
    • 300 grams
  241. the cardiovascular system is made up of the ____, ____, ______, and _____
    • heart
    • arteries
    • veins
    • capillaries
  242. trace the cardiovascular system in order starting with the heart
    • a. superior/inferior vena cava
    • b. R atrium
    • c. tricuspid valve
    • d. R ventricle
    • e. pulmonary semilunar valve
    • f. R/L pulmonary arteries
    • g. lungs
    • h. R/L pulmonary veins
    • i. L atrium
    • j. bicuspid or mitral valve
    • k. L ventricle
    • l. aortic valve
    • m. aorta
    • n. capillaries

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview