Medical Terminology

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Author:
jminglis
ID:
248555
Filename:
Medical Terminology
Updated:
2013-11-25 22:01:09
Tags:
medical terminology
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Description:
medical terms, roots, prefixes and their meaning
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  1. -malacia
    softening

    osteomalacia
  2. -oid
    resembling

    lipoid
  3. -oma
    tumor

    carcinoma
  4. -meter
    instrument for measuring

    spirometer
  5. -metry
    process of measuring

    spirometry
  6. -algia
    pain

    cephalagia
  7. -dynia
    pain

    cephalodynia
  8. angi/o
    vessel

    angioplasty
  9. vas/o
    vessel

    vasectomy
  10. vascul/o
    vessel

    vascular
  11. ante-
    before

    antepartum
  12. pre-
    before

    premature
  13. pro-
    before

    proactive
  14. bi-
    two or both

    bilateral
  15. brady-
    slow

    bradycardia
  16. cardi/o
    heart

    cardiologist
  17. circum-
    around

    circumcise
  18. peri-
    around

    periosteal
  19. -desis
    binding

    arthrodesis
  20. -stomy
    creation of an opening

    colostomy
  21. -tomy
    incision

    laparotomy
  22. -stasis
    stop or stand

    haemostasis
  23. dys-
    painful, difficult or faulty

    dysfunction
  24. -ectasis
    expansion or dilation

    angiectasis
  25. -ectomy
    excision (removal)

    appendectomy
  26. -emia
    blood condition

    hyperlipemia
  27. enter/o
    small intestine

    enterospasm
  28. epi-
    upon

    epidermal
  29. esophag/o
    esophagus

    esophagitis
  30. eu-
    good or normal

    eugenic
  31. gastr/o
    stomach

    gastric
  32. -genesis
    origin or production

    pathogenesis
  33. hepat/o
    liver

    hepatomegaly
  34. hyper-
    above or excessive

    hyperthermia
  35. hypo-
    below or deficient

    hypotensive
  36. inter-
    between

    interaction
  37. -itis
    inflammation

    appendicitis
  38. -ium
    structure or tissue

    • epigastrium
    • pericardium
  39. lip/o
    fat

    lipoid
  40. -megaly
    enlargement

    hepatomegaly
  41. oligo-
    few or deficient

    oligotrophy
  42. orth/o
    straight, normal or correct

    orthopedic
  43. -osis
    condition or increase

    • sclerosis
    • leukocytosis
  44. oste/o
    bone

    osteoarthritis
  45. para-
    alongside of or abnormal

    • paramedic
    • paranoia
  46. -penia
    abnormal reduction

    pancytopenia
  47. -pexy
    suspension or fixation

    nephropexy
  48. -plasty
    surgical repair or reconstruction

    rhinoplasty
  49. -poiesis
    formation

    hemopoiesis
  50. -ptosis
    falling or downward displacement

    nephroptosis
  51. -rrhaphy
    suture

    osteorrhaphy
  52. -rrhea
    discharge

    • amenorrhea
    • rhinorrhea
  53. -rrhexis
    rupture

    cardiorrhexis
  54. -spasm
    involuntary contraction

    vasospasm
  55. -phil
    -philia
    attraction for

    • basophil
    • pedophilia
  56. -rrhage
    -rrhagia
    to burst forth

    • haemorrhage
    • menorrhagia
  57. -scope
    instrument for examination

    endoscope
  58. -scopy
    process of examination

    endoscopy
  59. ur/o
    urin/o
    urine

    • urology
    • urinary
  60. con-
    syn-
    sym-
    together or with

    • congenital
    • syndactylism
    • symbiosis
  61. -logy
    study of

    cardiology
  62. -logist
    one who specialises in the study or treatment of

    oncologist
  63. -ist
    one who specialises in

    therapist
  64. -ia
    -ism
    condition of

    • pneumonia
    • embolism
  65. -gram
    record

    sonogram
  66. -graph
    instrument for recording

    sonograph
  67. -graphy
    process of recording

    sonography
  68. en-
    endo-
    intra-
    within

    • encapsulate
    • endoscope
    • intradermal
  69. hemi-
    semi-
    half

    • hemiparesis
    • semilunar
  70. haem/o
    haemat/o
    blood

    • haemolysis
    • haematoma
  71. dia-
    trans-
    across or through

    • diameter
    • transdermal
  72. ecto-
    exo-
    extra-
    outside

    • ectomorphic
    • exocrine
    • extravasation

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