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The work's specific message.
- Firsthand records of events, theories, opinions, or actions.
- Published or unpublished documents, recordings, or artifacts.
- Must be contemporary to the events, people, or information that is at issue.
Primary Source Challenges
- Anything written hundreds of years after an event has occurred is not a primary source.
- Primary sources are not always accurate, especially if it contains the persons perception of the events.
- Often times primary sources are ambiguous & fragmentary, making them difficult to analyze.
Primary Sources on the Internet
- What is the purpose of the website containing the info?
- Is it trying to persuade you?
- Non-biased information relaying info is more reliable. EX. Gov't sites, organization sites, educational institutions.
Types of primary sources:
- audio/video recordings
- works of art
- statistical data
- publication of research results
- census or demographic records
Information based on real, provable events or situations.
Beliefs based on personal judgments rather than on indisputable facts.
Opinions or beliefs that affect a persons ability to make fair, unclouded judgments or decisions.
Oversimplified opinions that don't account for individual differences about an entire group of people or things.
- Tells a story
- Relates a chain of events.
- Introduces or explains a subject
- Groundwork info necessary for understanding later ideas.
- Analyzes information objectively.
Passes along precise information about a specific topic. Usually formal or semi-formal style.
Tries to get the reader to agree with the author.
General subject matter covered by the work.
Explains the main idea.
Subjects that a written work frequently touches upon.