Card Set Information
3 advantages of using clinical assessment?
-fast and easy to perform
2 Limitations of Clinical assessment
--does not detect early causes
-non-nutritional causes w/ similar findings
What to look for in general) General (6)
What to look for in general) skin (3)
What to look for in general) hair (3)
-change in texture
What to look for in general) nails (3)
-changes in texture
What to look for in general) mouth (5)
-condition of teeth
-condition of gums
-conditiion of lips
-conditions of tongue
-condition of dentures
What to look for in general) GI (8)
What to look for in general) eyes (5)
-fissuring corners of eyelids
examination techniques) Inspection (4)
-critical observation of :
examination techniques) palpation (2)
-tactile exam to feel pulsations and vibrations
-assess body structures
*texture, size, temperature, tenderness, mobility
examination techniques) percussion
-assessment of sounds to determine body organs borders, shape, and position
**may not be used in nutrition focused exam
examination techniques) ausculation
-listening to body sounds with ear or stethoscope
*heart and lung sounds, bowel sounds
Hair) deficiencies for spare and thin hair? (4)
Hair) deficiencies for hair that is easy to pull out
Hair) deficiencies for corkscrew and coiled hair? (2)
mouth) deficiencies for mouth that is glossitis (7)
-B2, B6, B12
mouth) deficiencies for mouth that is bleeding and spongy gums? (5)
-vitamin C, A, K
mouth) deficiency for mouth that is angular stomatitis, cheilosis and fissured tongue or lips? (3)
-Vitamin B2, B6
mouth) deficiency for mouth with leukoplakia? (5)
mouth) deficiencies for sore mouth and tongue (6)
- B12, B6
eyes) what causes night blindness, xerophthalmia, bitot's spot?
vitamin A deficiency
eyes) what causes photophobia-blurring, conjunctival, inflammation? (2)
nails) what causes spooning and koilonychia?
nails) what causes transverse lines?
skins) what causes pallor? (3)
skins) what causes follicular hyperkeratosis? (4)
skins) what causes flaking dermititis? (6)
skins) what causes pigmentation, pellegra, dermatitis, desquamotion? (2)
skins) what causes bruising, purpura, petechiae, ecchymosis? (3)
what does the inability to absorb niacin or amino acid tryptophan?
may cause pellegra
a deficiency of vitamin D or an inability to utilize vitamin D mau lead to
what is ricketts?
a weakening and softening of the bones brought on by extreme calcium loss
what does a deficiency in vitamin C produce?
what is scurvy? (5)
weakness, anemia, bruising, bleeding gums, and loose teeth
what is a sign when someone has goiter?