3.1

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Author:
efrain12
ID:
248580
Filename:
3.1
Updated:
2013-11-22 23:17:38
Tags:
Nut
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Description:
Clinical assessment
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  1. 3 advantages of using clinical assessment?
    -fast and easy to perform

    -inexpensive

    -non-invasive
  2. 2 Limitations of Clinical assessment
    --does not detect early causes

    -non-nutritional causes w/ similar findings
  3. What to look for in general) General (6)
    -weakness

    -fever

    -fatigue

    -anemia

    -cold intolerance

    -weight change
  4. What to look for in general) skin (3)
    -dry

    -rough

    -easy bruisability
  5. What to look for in general) hair (3)
    -change in texture

    -color

    -pluckability
  6. What to look for in general) nails (3)
    -changes in texture

    -shape

    -brittle
  7. What to look for in general) mouth (5)
    -condition of teeth

    -condition of gums

    -conditiion of lips

    -conditions of tongue

    -condition of dentures
  8. What to look for in general) GI (8)
    -appetite

    -food allergies/intolerances

    -swallowing

    -N/V

    -constipation

    -diarrhea

    -stool changes

    -gas
  9. What to look for in general) eyes (5)
    -pale

    -spots

    -dryness

    -redness

    -fissuring corners of eyelids
  10. examination techniques) Inspection (4)
    -critical observation of :

    • -color
    • -shape
    • -texture
    • -size
  11. examination techniques) palpation (2)
    -tactile exam to feel pulsations and vibrations

    • -assess body structures
    • *texture, size, temperature, tenderness, mobility
  12. examination techniques) percussion
    -assessment of sounds to determine body organs borders, shape, and position

    **may not be used in nutrition focused exam
  13. examination techniques) ausculation
    • -listening to body sounds with ear or stethoscope
    • *heart and lung sounds, bowel sounds
  14. Hair) deficiencies for spare and thin hair? (4)
    -protein

    -zinc

    -biotin

    -EFA deficiency
  15. Hair) deficiencies for hair that is easy to pull out
    -protein deficiency
  16. Hair) deficiencies for corkscrew and coiled hair? (2)
    -vitamin C

    -vitamin A
  17. mouth) deficiencies for mouth that is glossitis (7)
    -B2, B6, B12

    -niacin

    -folic acid

    -protein

    -Iron
  18. mouth) deficiencies for mouth that is bleeding and spongy gums? (5)
    -vitamin C, A, K

    -folic acid

    -niacin
  19. mouth) deficiency for mouth that is angular stomatitis, cheilosis and fissured tongue or lips? (3)
    -Vitamin B2, B6

    -niacin
  20. mouth) deficiency for mouth with leukoplakia? (5)
    -vitamin A

    -B12

    -B complex

    -folic acid

    -niacin
  21. mouth) deficiencies for sore mouth and tongue (6)
    - B12, B6

    -vitamin C

    -niacin

    -folic acid

    -iron
  22. eyes) what causes night blindness, xerophthalmia, bitot's spot?
    vitamin A deficiency
  23. eyes) what causes photophobia-blurring, conjunctival, inflammation? (2)
    -vitamin B2

    -vitamin A
  24. nails) what causes spooning and koilonychia?
    iron deficiency
  25. nails) what causes transverse lines?
    protein deficiency
  26. skins) what causes pallor? (3)
    -folic acid

    -iron

    -B12
  27. skins) what causes follicular hyperkeratosis? (4)
    -B complex

    -vitamin C

    -Vitamin E

    -EFA
  28. skins) what causes flaking dermititis? (6)
    -PEM

    -Vitamin B2

    -Vitamin A

    -zinc

    -niacin

    -essential FA
  29. skins) what causes pigmentation, pellegra, dermatitis, desquamotion? (2)
    -niacin

    -PEM
  30. skins) what causes bruising, purpura, petechiae, ecchymosis? (3)
    -vitamin K

    -Vitamin C

    -folic acid
  31. what does the inability to absorb niacin or amino acid tryptophan?
    may cause pellegra
  32. a deficiency of vitamin D or an inability to utilize vitamin D mau lead to
    ricketts
  33. what is ricketts?
    a weakening and softening of the bones brought on by extreme calcium loss
  34. what does a deficiency in vitamin C produce?
    scurvy
  35. what is scurvy? (5)
    weakness, anemia, bruising, bleeding gums, and loose teeth
  36. what is a sign when someone has goiter?
    iodine deficiency

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