Chapter 5 Digestive System Part 2

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ltrahan81
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Chapter 5 Digestive System Part 2
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2013-12-06 10:57:44
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Chapter 5 Digestive System Part 2
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  1. Excessive intraperitoneal fluid.
    ascites
  2. Abnormal discharge of watery, semisolid stools
    diarrhea

    • dia- through, complete
    • -rrhea discharge, flow
  3. difficulty with swallowing that may be due to an obstruction (e.g., a tumor) or a motor disorder (e.g., a spasm).
    dysphagia

    • dys- difficult, bad
    • -phagia condition of swallowing, eating
  4. Release of air from the stomach through the mouth. Eructation may be caused by rapid eating or by intentionally or unintentionally swallowing air (aerophagaia). Allso called burping or belching.
    eructation
  5. Gas expelled through the anus. Also called flatus.
    flatulence
  6. Abdominal pain. Also called gastrodynia.
    gastralgia 

    • gastr/o stomach
    • -algia pain
  7. Bad-smelling breath.
    halitosis 

    • halit/o breath
    • -osis abnormal condition
  8. Enlargement of the liver.
    hepatomegaly 

    • hepat/o liver
    • -megaly enlargement
  9. Yellowing of the skin and sclerae (white of the eyes) caused by elevated levels of bilirubin. Also called icterus.
    jaundice
  10. Sensation that accompanies the urge to vomit but does not always lead to vomiting. the abbreviation N&V refers to nausea and vomiting. The term is derived from a Greek work meaning seasickness.
    nausea
  11. Forcible or involuntary emptying of the stomach through the mouth. The material expelled is called vomitus or emesis.
    vomiting
  12. Painful burning sensation in esophagus, usually caused by reflux of stomach contents, hyperactivity, or peptic ulcer. Also known as heartburn.
    pyrosis 

    • pyr/o fire
    • -osis abnormal condition
  13. An inability to move the tongue freely as a result of a congenital shortened frenulum. Also referred to as being "tongue-tied"
    ankyloglossia

    • anklyl/o stiffening
    • gloss/o tongue
    • -ia condition
  14. Failure of the palate to close during embryonic development, creating an opening in the roof of the mouth. Cleft palate often is accompanied by a cleft lip.
    cleft plate
  15. Esophagus that ends in the blind pouch and therefore lacks an opening in the stomach.
    esophageal atresia 

    • esophag/o esophagus
    • -eal pertaining to
    • a- no, not, without
    • -tresia condition of an opening
  16. A congenital opening in the anterior abdominal wall.
    gastroschisis

    • gastro/o stomach
    • -schisis split
  17. Congenital absence of normal nervous function in the part of the colon, which results in the absence of peristaltic movement, accumulation of feces, and an enlarged colon. Also called congenital megacolon.
    Hirschsprung's disease
  18. A congenital herniation at the umbilicus. also called exomphalos
    omphalocele 

    • omphal/o umbilicus
    • -cele herniation, protrusion
  19. Condition in which the muscle between the stomach and the small intestine narrows of fails to open adequately to allow partially digested food into the duodenum.
    pyloric stenosis 

    • pylor/o pylorus
    • -ic pertaining to
    • stenosis narrowing
  20. An abnormal formation of tooth enamel, resulting in separation from the dentin beneath.
    amelogenesis imperfecta 

    • amel/o enamel
    • -genesis production, origin
  21. Either complete or partial lack of teeth. Also referred to as edentulous.
    anodontia 

    • an- no, not, without
    • odont/o teeth
    • -ia condition
  22. Recurring condition characterized by small erosions (ulcers), which appear on the mucous membranes of the mouth. Also called a canker sore.
    aphthous stomatitis

    • apth/o ulceration
    • -ous pertaining to
    • stomat/o mouth
    • -itis inflammation
  23. Inflammation of the lips.
    cheilitis

    • cheil/o lip
    • -itis inflammation
  24. Plaque disease caused by an interaction between food and bacteria in the mouth, leading to tooth decay. Also called cavities.
    dental caries 

    • dent/i teeth
    • -al pertaining to
  25. Inflammatory disease of the gums characterized by redness, swelling, and bleeding.
    gingivitis 

    • gingiv/o gums
    • -itis inflammation
  26. Inflammation of the tongue.
    glossitis 

    • gloss/o tongue
    • -itis inflammation
  27. Inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth. Gastrointestinal mucositis may be an adverse effect of chemotherapy and can occur throughout the GI gtract.
    oral mucositis 

    • or/o mouth
    • -al pertaining to 
    • mucos/o mucus
    • -itis inflammation
  28. Condition of white patches that may appear on the lips and buccal mucosa. It usually is associated with tobacco use and may be precancerous.
    oral leukoplakia

    • or/o mouth
    • -al pertaining to
    • leuk/o white
    • -plakia condition of patches
  29. Pathologic condition of the tissues surrounding the teeth.
    periodontal disease 

    • peri-surrounding
    • odont/o tooth
    • -al pertaining to
  30. Condition of excessive salivation.
    ptyalism 

    • ptyal/o saliva
    • -ism condition
  31. Inflammation of a salivary gland.
    sialoadenitis 

    • sialoaden/o salivary gland
    • -itis inflammation
  32. Condition of stones in a salivary gland or duct.
    sialolithiasis 

    • sial/o saliva
    • lith/o stone
    • -iasis presence of, condition
  33. Impairment of esophageal peristalsis along with the lower esophageal sphincters inability to relax. Also called cardiospasm, esophageal aperistalsis, and megaesophagus.
    achalasia 

    • a- without
    • -chalasia condition of relaxation
  34. Feeling of epigastric discomfort that occurs shortly after eating. The discomfort may include feelings of nausea, fullness, heartburn, and/or bloating. Also called indigestion.
    dyspepsia 

    • dys- abnormal, bad
    • -pepsia digestion condition
  35. Inflammation of the esophagus.
    esophagitis
  36. Acute or chronic inflammation of the stomach that maybe accompanied by anorexia (lack of appetite), nausea, and vomiting, or indigestion.
    gastritis 

    • gastr/o stomach
    • -itis inflammation
  37. Flowing back, or retum, of the contents of the stomach to the esophagus caused by an inability of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) to contract normally, characterized by pyrosis with or without regurgitation of stomach contents to the mouth. Barrett's esophagus is a condition caused by chronic reflux from the stomach. It is associated with an increased risk of cancer.
    gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

    • gastr/o stomach
    • esophag/o esophagus
    • -eal pertaining to
    • re- back
    • -flux flow
  38. Inflammation of the vermiform appendix. Maybe acute or chronic, with or without peritonitis.
    appendicitis 
  39. appendic/o appendix
    -itis inflammation
  40. An erosion of the protective mucosal lining of the stomach or duodenum. Also called a gastric or duodenal ulcer, depending on the site.
    peptic ulcer disease (PUD)
  41. Protrusion of a loop of intestine through the femoral canal into the groin. Also called a crural hernia.
    femoral hernia 

    • femor/o femur
    • -al pertaining to
  42. Protrusion of a portion of the stomach through the diaphragm. Also known as diaphragmatic hernial and diaphragmatocele.
    hiatal hernial

    • hiat/o an opening
    • -al pertaining to
  43. Protrusion of a loop of intestine into the inguinal canal. May be indirect (through a normal internal passage) or direct (through a muscle wall.)
    inguinal hernial

    • inguin/o groin
    • -al pertaining to
  44. Protrusion of the intestine and omentum through a weakness in the abdominal wall at the navel. An omphalocele, a herination of the umbilicus, is a congential condition.
    umbilical hernia 

    • umbilic/o umbilicus
    • -al pertaining to
  45. Protrusion of intestines and omentum through the abdominal wall except at the umbilicus. maybe epigastric (above the stomach) or incisional (at the site of a previous surgery in the abdominal area)
    ventral hernial

    • ventr/o belly
    • -al pertaining to

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