Chapter 5 Digestive System Part 1

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ltrahan81
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248597
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Chapter 5 Digestive System Part 1
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2013-12-06 10:58:19
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Chapter Digestive System Part
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Chapter 5 Digestive System Part 1
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  1. inflammation of the large intestines
    colitis
  2. inflammation of the ileum or the colon of idiopathic origin
    crohn's disease

    • (also called)
    • regional or granulomatous enteritis
  3. chronic inflammation of the colon and rectum manifesting with bouts of profuse, watery diarrhea.
    ulcerative colitis
  4. cracklike lesion of the skin around the anus
    anal fissure
  5. circumscribed area of inflammation in the anus or rectum, containing pus
    anorectal abscess
  6. abnormal channel between the rectum and the anus
    anorectal fistula
  7. infrequent, incomplete, or delayed bowel movement
    constipation
  8. intractable (difficult to manage) constipation or intestinal obstruction
    obstipation
  9. inflammation occurring secondary to the occurrence of diverticulosis
    diverticulitis
  10. development  of diverticula, pouches in the lining of the intestines both large and small
    diverticulosis
  11. obstruction
    ileus

    • (also called)
    • adynamic ileus
  12. lack of peristaltic movement in the intestinal tract
    paralytic ileus
  13. inward telescoping of the intestines
    intussusception
  14. diarrhea, gas, and/or constipation resulting from stress with no underlying disease
    irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  15. benign growth on the mucous membrane of large intestine
    polyp of colon
  16. inflammation of the rectum and anus
    proctitis

    • (also called)
    • rectitis
  17. prolapse of the rectum outside the anus
    proctoptosis
  18. twisting of the intestine
    volvus
  19. chronic degenerative disease of the liver, commonly associated with alcohol abuse, chronic liver disease, and bilary tract disorder
    cirrhosis
  20. inflammation of the peritoneum that most commonly occurs when an inflammed appendix ruptures
    peritonitis
  21. inflammation of the bile vessels
    cholangitis
  22. inflammation of the gallbladder, either acute of chronic
    cholecystitis
  23. presence of stones in the common bile duct
    choledocholithiasis
  24. presence of stones in the gallbladder, sometimes characterized by right upper quadrant pain with N&V
    cholelithasis
  25. inflammation of the pancreas, which may be acute or chronic
    pancreatitis
  26. disorder of inability of intestines to absorb wheat protiens
    celiac disease

    • (also called)
    • celiac sprue
  27. vomiting of blood
    hematemesis
  28. black, tarry stools caused by the presence of partially digested blood
    melena
  29. inflammation of the mouth caused by the HSV.
    herpetic stomatitis

    • (also called)
    • cold sore
    • fever blister
  30. inflammatory disease of the liver that is caused by an increasing number of viruses, alcohol, and drugs.
    hepatitis
  31. virus transmitted through direct contact with fecally contaminated food and water
    hepatitis A (HAV)
  32. virus transmitted through contaminated blood or sexual contact
    hepatitis B (HBV)
  33. virus transmitted though blood transfusion, percutaneous inoculation, or sharing of infected needles
    hepatitis C (HCV)
  34. glandular tumors that are filled with cyst; these are the most common benign tumors in the pancreas
    cystadenoma
  35. benign tumors that arise around the teeth and jaw
    odontogenic tumor
  36. adenomatous or hyperplastic tumors occuring through the digestive tract. may be sessile (flat) or pedunculated (having a stalk)
    polyps
  37. a malignant tumor of epithelial origin that either originates from glandular tissues or has a glandular appearance. occur throughout the GI tract, but especially in the esophagus, stomach, pancreas, and colon
    adenocarcinoma
  38. malignant tumors of epithelial origin that originate in the liver cells. most common type of primary liver cancer worldwide
    hepatocellular carcinoma

    • (also called)
    • hepatoma
  39. cancers that have a scalelike appearance. arise from the cells that cover the surfaces of the body. occur throughout the digestive system
    squamous cell carcinoma
  40. increased measurement of this particular enzyme usually indicates cirrhosis or pancreatitis. was formally referred to as SGPT
    alanine transaminase (ALT)
  41. blood test that reveals decreased measurement of this protein formed by the liver. may be lower when liver disease occurs
    albumin
  42. a increase in this liver enzyme may indicate liver or gallbladder disease. a decrease may indicate malnutrition
    alkaline phosphatase (ALP)
  43. increased measurement may indicate liver disease or pancreatitis. a decreased amount may mean uncontrolled diabetes mellitus with keroacidosis. was formally referred to as SGOT
    aspartate transaminase (AST)
  44. blood test to detect increased enzymes that can indicate cirrhosis, hepatitis, acute pancreatitis, acute cholecystitis, or nephrosis, and to test for H pylori antibodies
    gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT)
  45. examination to determine the amount of blood, bile, bacteria, and hydrochloric acid in the stomach. decreased amount may indicate stomach cancer
    gastric analysis
  46. blood test to detect the hepatitis B virus
    hepatitis-associated antigen (HAA)
  47. a collection of test to determine the health of the liver. includes albumin, total bilirubin, prothrombin time, ALP, ALT, and GGT
    liver function test (LFTs)
  48. blood test to measure the time it takes blood to clot
    prothrombin time (PT)
  49. a test to detect the presence of H. plyori. a gastric biopsy is taken from the gastric antrum.
    rapid urease test

    • (also called)
    • CLO test (campylobacter-like oranism test)
  50. fecal exam to test for microorganisms in the feces, such as worms, amoebae, bacteria, and protozoa
    stool culture
  51. fecal specimen exam to detect hidden blood, which may indicate GI bleeding
    stool guaiac

    • (also called)
    • hemoccult test
    • fecal occult blood test (FOBT)
  52. blood test to detect possible jaundice, cirrhosis, or hepatitis
    total bilirubin

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