Equine Skeletal System Part 2

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Author:
Tiffanymiles90
ID:
248695
Filename:
Equine Skeletal System Part 2
Updated:
2013-11-24 14:47:45
Tags:
Equine Horse Skeleton equine skeleton
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Description:
Axial Skeleton System, pelvic, hind limbs, Tendons, Ligaments
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  1. Name Bone #11
    • Scapula
    • Shoulder Blade
    • Flat Bone
    • Supported by the Thoracic sling
    • 2 on horse

  2. Name Bone #20
    • Rib Cage
    • Flat Bones
    • 8 True - Connected to Thoracic by Bone
    • 10 False - Connected by Cartilage
    • 18 pairs, 36 on horse


  3. Name Bone #30
    • Fetlock
    • Joint
    • Bottom of cannon & top of proximal sesamoid

  4. Name Bone #23
    • Illium
    • Connects pelvis to vertebrae 
    • Long Bone
    • 2 on horse

  5. Name Bone #24
    • Pubis
    • Supports reproductive organs
    • Long Bone
    • 1 on horse

  6. Name Bone #23
    • SecroIliac Junction
    • SI Joint
    • Not a bone

  7. Name Bone #28
    • Ischium
    • Point of Buttocks
    • Long Bone
    • 2 on horse

  8. Name Bone #30
    • Femur
    • Long Bone 
    • 2 on horse

  9. Name Bone #38
    • Patella
    • Knee
    • Part of Stiffle Joint
    • 2 on horse

  10. Name Bone #51
    • Tibia
    • NOT fused with Fibula
    • Long Bone
    • 2 on horse

  11. Name Bone #56
    • Fibula
    • NOT fused with Tibia
    • Long Bone
    • 2 on horse

  12. Name Bone #57
    • Fibular Tarsal Bone
    • Forms point of hock
    • Long Bone
    • 2 on horse

  13. Name Bone #52
    • Tarsals
    • Short Bone
    • 5 per leg, 10 on horse
  14. What do Tendons connect?
    • Muscle to Bone
    • Movement
  15. What do Ligaments Connect?
    • Bone to Bone
    • Keeps joints in place
  16. Where is the neutral Ligament found?
    Runs on top of the crest.
  17. Name 2 types of Ligaments found in the lower leg
    • Suspensory Ligaments
    • Check Ligaments
  18. What do Suspensory Ligaments support and protect?
    • Sesamoid Bones
    • Pastern joint
    • Fetlock
    • Has more elasticity than other ligaments
  19. What do Check ligaments prevent?
    Over streching
  20. Name 2 types of Check Ligaments

    I&S
    Inferior & Superior
  21. What does the Inferior Check Ligament connect?
    Connects Cannon Bone to Deep Digital Flexor Tendon.
  22. What does the Superior Check Ligament Connect?
    Connects Radius to Superficial Flexor Tendon
  23. Name 3 Lower Leg Extender Tendons
    RC
    CD
    LD
    • Radial Carpal Extensor
    • Commo Digital Extender Tendon
    • Lateral Digital Extender Tendon
  24. Name 2 Lower Leg Flexor Tendons
    SD
    DD
    • Superficial Digital Flexor Tendon
    • Deep Digital Flexor Tendon
  25. What does a Flexor do?
    Pulls leg up off the ground, found on the back of legs
  26. What does an Extender do?
    Pulls leg forward, found on front of leg
  27. What does the Lower Leg Flexor Tendon do? Where does it run?  What shape is it?
    • Flex lower leg, Knee, Fetlock, & Pasturn
    • Runs Parallel to cannon
    • flat in shape
  28. What does the Deep Digital Flexor Tendon Do?
    Where does it run?  Where is it found?
    • Flexes joints of lower leg including Knee, Fetlock, Pastern, & Coffin Bones
    • Runs Parallel to Cannon & underneath coffin bone
    • Positioned between Cannon & Superficial Digital Flexor Tendon
  29. Where does the Common Digital Extender Tendon Run?
    Runs parallel to Cannon Bone along the front & down the top of the Coffin Bone
  30. Where does the Lateral Digital Extender Tendon Run?
    Runs on the outside of lower leg, can be used to determine if it is the right of left leg.
  31. Why can't a horse "cow kick"?
    The Accessory Ligament of the Hip Joint connects to the Prepubic Tendon to the Femoral Head.
  32. What bone do humans have but horses don't?
    Collar Bone

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