WKU Nursing_ Spirituality Handouts[1].txt

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WKU Nursing_ Spirituality Handouts[1].txt
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western Kentucky university NUR105 notes
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  1. Baha'i: practices dealing with birth. Death. Illness. Diet. And what their sacred text is.
    • ( harmony between religion and science)
    • Birth: No ceremony. No abortions. Birth control okay.
    • Death: Cremation discouraged. No embalming practiced.
    • Illness: No clergy. Comfort provided by community.
    • Diet: No alcohol.
    • Text: The writings of Baha'u'llah
  2. Buddhism (Buddhist churches of America) : practices dealing with birth. Death. Illness. Diet. And what their sacred text is.
    • ( the real cause of human suffering is ignorant craving. The Noble Eightfold Path leads to the cessation of suffering)
    • Birth: no ceremony. Abortion on mother's condition. Birth control okay.
    • Death: cremation discouraged. embalming not allowed. Does should be buried within 1 hour travel from where the death took place.
    • Illness: healing through prayer not practiced. Tolerated as a part of life. Diet often vegetarian. No alcohol.
    • Sacred text: Sutras.
  3. Christian Scientist Church of Christ : practices dealing with birth. Death. Illness. Diet. And what their sacred text is.
    • ( illness is mental not physical)
    • birth: no baptism. no abortions. Birth control okay.
    • Death: no last rites.
    • Illness: illness is believed to be an illusion. No medicine or medication allowed. Healing is by prayer. Special practitioners pray for sick. Only legally required immunizations are permitted. Illness may be seen as a punishment from God.
    • Diet: Coffee alcohol and tobacco are not consumed.
    • Sacred text: Science and health with key to the Scriptures. Manual of the mother church
  4. evangelical protestant (baptist churches of god, assemblies of god, and pentecostal churches of christ) : practices dealing with birth. Death. Illness. Diet. And what their sacred text is.
    • birth: no baptism. abortion usually not approved. Birth control usually okay.
    • Death: no last rites.
    • Illness: healing through laying of hands. sacraments of communion.
    • Diet: usually no alcohol. avoid usually Coffee & Tea. some may wish to fast on certain days. Some avoid tobacco pork and strangled animals.
    • Sacred text: Bible
  5. Hinduism : practices dealing with birth. Death. Illness. Diet. And what their sacred text is.
    • ( karma significant in promoting health are causing disease)
    • Birth: abortion is not allowed. birth control permitted
    • death: believe in life after death. reincarnation. cremation is preferred. Some may wish to be alert at the time of death.
    • Diet: most are vegetarian. No alcohol.
    • Illness: illness may be seen as a result of actions in a past life.
    • Sacred text. Bhagavad Gita
  6. Jehovah Witness : practices dealing with birth. Death. Illness. Diet. And what their sacred text is.
    • ( opposition to false teachings which often extends to modern medicine and Science)
    • birth: no baptism birth control is okay but no sterilization. no abortions.
    • Death: no last rites.
    • Illness: no transfusions or organ transplants and some may refuse vaccinations. Surgery is permitted except when using blood products. And prayers for healing are allowed.
    • Diet: no foods which blood has been added such as no tobacco and sausage.
    • sacred text: Bible
  7. Juadaism : practices dealing with birth. Death. Illness. Diet. And what their sacred text is.
    • Birth: Ritual circumcision 8 days after birth. abortion is often permitted and birth control is acceptable.
    • Death: burial must be as soon as possible and some oppose cremation. do not believe in life after death. do not believe in prolonging life. Believe all body parts should be buried together. Some a request a visit from a rabbi. prayers for healing appropriate. organ donation and transplant require prior consultation with Rabbi. men may wish to keep head and feet covered and women may wish to keep their hair covered. shaving maybe forbidden except if medically necessary.
    • diet: includes no pork or shellfish. no dairy and meat at the same meal. Meat has to be kosher.
    • Sacred text: Torah
  8. Practices of Lutherans : practices dealing with birth. Death. Illness. Diet. And what their sacred text is.
    • Birth: infant baptism. abortion is not encouraged but is a matter a private conscious. birth control is OK.
    • Death: include the last rites but are optional and cremation is not practiced.
    • Illness: May a request communion and praying for them is OK.
    • Diet:it may include fasting on certain days if wanted.
    • Sacred texts: Bible and prayer book.
  9. Practices of Mormons ( Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints) : practices dealing with birth. Death. Illness. Diet. And what their sacred text is.
    • ( Church has extensive and well funded welfare system including financial support for the sick)
    • Birth: includes no infant baptism an abortion is prohibited yet birth control is up to the individual.
    • Death: there are no last rites at death.
    • Illness: when ill prayers for healing are appropriate and some may request a visit from healing Minister within congregation.
    • diet: excludes: coffee tea alcohol and tobacco. Eat sparingly.
    • sacred texts: the Book of Mormon and Doctrine and Covenants. and the pearl of great price
  10. The practices of Muslims : practices dealing with birth. Death. Illness. Diet. And what their sacred text is.
    • ( encourage to obtain health care for members of the black community)
    • Birth: Circumcision is a routine practice and abortion is permitted as well birth control.
    • Death: confession before death is practiced. Some may wish to face Mecca and they have a belief in life after death. Illness: When ill prayers are acceptable and many pray 5 times a day facing Mecca.
    • diet: does not allow pork or alcohol. And some may wish to fast from sunrise to sunset during Ramadan.
    • Sacred text: is the Quran
  11. Native Americans : practices dealing with birth. Death. Illness. Diet. And what their sacred text is.
    • There are more than 700 tribes of Native Americans and have many different beliefs! These are the example of some tribes.
    • Birth: Abortion is usually not permitted and birth control the matter individual choice.
    • Death: Some cultures of void contact with the dead and others will want to prepare the body in a ritual way after death. Many will want to maintain a positive attitude in the face of impending death. Autopsies are usually avoided. Some cultures my boy discussion of impending death in preparing for death.
    • Illness: some may want a spiritual healer.
    • Diet: is highly buried in traditional foods are consumed for Health and Healing.
    • Sacred Text: Most traditional passed down orally there for a written text does not exist
  12. New age spiritualist : practices dealing with birth. Death. Illness. Diet. And what their sacred text is.
    It is not one particular spiritual philosophy but rather an approach in which individuals take pieces from various religions and we them into a personal spiritual ethic . Concepts include that idea that everything is God therefore God is within the self. People should live in a balance with nature and can't for the Spirit is part of hostess help.

    Health care practices may meditation, yoga, Primal Scream therapy, massage, homeopathy, etc. Also acupuncture and acupressure may be used. It is very diverse
  13. Orthodox Catholic : practices dealing with birth. Death. Illness. Diet. And what their sacred text is.
    • Birth: infant Baptism is usual
    • Death: cremation and embalming are discouraged and last rights are given by priest before death.
    • Illness:anointing for healing is common and prayers for healing are appropriate . Confessions of sins may be important. some may want communion during hospitalization. Men may not wish to be shaved except for surgery. And many will want every effort to preserve life. Some may wish to fast from meat, olive oil, and dairy on holy days. Some may wish to fast before taking communion
    • religious text: is the Bible
  14. protestant non-evangelical ( Presbyterian and methodist) : practices dealing with birth. Death. Illness. Diet. And what their sacred text is.
    • Birth: No infant baptism and birth control okay. abortion is not encouraged but it is a matter of private conscious.
    • Death: last rites optional
    • illness: prayers for healing are appropriate
    • diet: is not restricted.
    • Sacred Text: Bible
  15. Quakers the Society of Friends : practices dealing with birth. Death. Illness. Diet. And what their sacred text is.
    • Birth: birth is the matter private conscience. Most oppose abortion. No infant baptism.
    • Death: no ritual takes place. Many do not believe in life after death.
    • Illness: no clergy
    • Diet: many don't drink alcohol
    • Sacred Text: Bible
  16. Roman Catholics : practices dealing with birth. Death. Illness. Diet. And what their sacred text is.
    • Birth: Infant baptism is usual. Abortion is still forbidden. Rhythm birth control is permitted.
    • Death: last rights are given by a priest before death. Cremation is not common. burial surgically removed may be requested.
    • Illness: Annoiting for healing is common. Prayers for healing are appropriate. confession of sins may be important for some. some may want communion during hospitalization.
    • Diet: Traditional Catholic may prefer not to eat meat on fasting days and some wish to fast before taking communion
    • Sacred Text: Bible and Prayer Book
  17. Seventh day Adventist : practices dealing with birth. Death. Illness. Diet. And what their sacred text is.
    • ( the body is the lead to the temple of the Holy Spirit and healthcare is holistic)
    • Birth: Therapeutic abortions permitted. Birth Control allowed. No infant baptism
    • Death: the dead sleep until the second coming of Christ they do not enter heaven at the time of death
    • Illness: prayers for healing are appropriate and pastors offer prayers for the sick and anointing with oil for healing Diet: no alcohol, caffeine, narcotic, or stimulants are consumed. Some follow vegetarian diet
    • Sacred texts: Bible
  18. Sikhs : practices dealing with birth. Death. Illness. Diet. And what their sacred text is.
    • Birth: no special birth takes place.
    • Death: believe in life after death is upheld. many believe in reincarnation. Some may with the alert at the time of death.
    • Illness: maybe you seen as a result of actions in a past life.
    • Diet: No alcohol is consumed and many prefer a vegetarian diet.
    • Sacret Text: Siri Guru is there text
  19. Taoism ( Daoism) : practices dealing with birth. Death. Illness. Diet. And what their sacred text is.
    • ( balance of internal and external forces. Very holistic using both alternative and Eastern medicine)
    • Birth: abortion is left for the individual to decide in birth control is aceptable.
    • Death: being kept alive at all cost is opposed.
    • Illness: Prayers for healing not appropriate. Stress the achievement of harmony. illness is due to an imbalance. extremes of behavior that result in imbalance are avoided
    • Diet: Food and drinks should be in moderation.
    • Sacred Text: Tao te Ching
  20. Unitarian Universalist : practices dealing with birth. Death. Illness. Diet. And what their sacred text is.
    • ( encourage creativity reason and living a ethical life that they choose what they think would be best for themselve)
    • Birth: abortion is acceptable. birth contro is OK.
    • Death: cremation is usual at death
    • Illness: Some may prefer not to see clergy as an individual connection with God is emphasized. Prayers for healing are often not accepted they may be seen a superstitious. Sciences is prefered over faith healing
    • diet: is not restricted
    • Sacred Text: Bible-very diverse theoogical beliefs
  21. Confucianism : practices dealing with birth. Death. Illness. Diet. And what their sacred text is.
    • ( appreciation of life in the desire to keep the body from untimely or necessary death)
    • Historically emphasized Public Health Solutions to impending health problems
  22. Islam : practices dealing with birth. Death. Illness. Diet. And what their sacred text is.
    • (Fatalistic view of health, Allah is all powerful, Must be able to practice the Five Pillars of Islam)
    • Obligatory prayers holy days and fasting on Ramadan almsgiving
    • Pork and drinking alcohol forbidden
    • Some Muslim women are not allowed to make independent decisions, husband may need to be present when consent sought
  23. Protestantism : view on medicine
    Love of neighbor central tenet. God is the author and also the healer. most accept modern medical science. prayer and faith healing. also the laying on of hands and annointing.
  24. Unification Church : Who they are?
    the goal is to unite Christians everywhere. Most members are still healthy adults there's little information available on the interactions with the healthcare team
  25. The benefits of meditation
    Create a relaxation response that reduces stress reduces blood pressure and pain and enhances the function of immune system

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