Chapter 9.txt

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Author:
jilltran
ID:
248919
Filename:
Chapter 9.txt
Updated:
2013-11-24 22:50:37
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Cardiovascular System
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Description:
Cardiovascular System Chapter 9
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  1. anastom
    • opening
    • ex. anastomosis: surgical connection between blood vessels
  2. ang/i & angi/o & vas/o
    • vessel
    • ex. Angiogram:Xray recording of the blood vessel
    • ex. Angioplasty:surgical repair of a blood vessel
  3. arteri/o & arter/i
    • artery
    • ex. arteriosclerosis: pathological condition of hardening of ateries.
  4. ather/o
    • fatty substance, porridge
    • ex. artheroma: tumor or an atery containing fatty substance
  5. arti/o
    atrium
  6. auscultat
    • listen to
    • ex. auscultation: to listen to; method of physical assessment using a stethoscope
  7. card/i & cardi/o
    • heart
    • ex. cardiomegaly: enlargement of th heart
  8. claudicat/o
    • to limp
    • ex. claudication: process of limping or lameness. Dull cramping pain in the hips, thighs, calves or buttocks
  9. corpor/e
    body
  10. cyan/o
    • dark blue
    • ex. cyanosis: abnormal condition of the skin appearing slightly blue, from lack of O2
  11. dilat/o
    to widen
  12. ech/o
    • reflected sound
    • ex.
  13. embol/o
    • a throwing in
    • ex. embolism: pathological condition caused by obstruction of a blood vessel by blood clot
  14. infarct/o
    • infarct (necrosis of an area)
    • ex. Myocardial Infarcture: heart attack
  15. ox/i
    oxygen
  16. palpit/o
    throbbing
  17. phleb/o & ven/i
    • vein
    • ex. phlebitis: inflammation of a vein
    • ex. phlebotomy: puncture of a vein to with draw blood
  18. pulmonar/o
    lung
  19. scler/o
    • hardening
    • ex.
  20. sept/o
    • a partition
    • ex. septum: partition that divides a body space or cavity
  21. sten/o
    narrowing
  22. thromb/o
    • clot of blood
    • ex. thrombosis: blood clot with vascular system
  23. Function of ARTERIES
    Transports OXYGENATED blood AWAY from the heart, except the Pulmonary Arteries.
  24. Function of VEINS
    Transports DEOXYGENATED blood INTO the heart, except the Pulmonary Veins.
  25. AED
    automated external defibrillator
  26. CAD
    coronary artery disease
  27. CHD
    coronary heart disease
  28. CHF
    congestive heart failure
  29. CO
    cardiac output
  30. CPR
    cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  31. CV
    cardiovascular
  32. ECG / EKG
    electrocardiogram
  33. FHS
    fetal heart sound
  34. HF
    heart failure
  35. Hgb
    hemoglobin
  36. HTN
    hypertension
  37. MI
    myocardial infraction
  38. MS
    mitral stenosis
  39. PE
    pulmonary embolism
  40. SOB
    shortness of blood

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