Test 3.txt

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Test 3.txt
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  1. rights of settlement in exchange for military service
    Feoderati
  2. Western Roman Empire collapsed after he was over in 476
    Romulus Augustulus
  3. Peasant farmers who were tied to the land
    Serf
  4. was the estate of lord and his dependent serfs
    Manor
  5. Land attached to a manor and retained for the owner's own use.
    Demesne
  6. bestowed land to the feudal overlord
    Vassal
  7. essentially the land that the vassal bestowed too
    Fief
  8. vassals paid their way out of military service through payment known as ________.
    Scutage
  9. made franks the most powerful people of Europe.
    Clovis
  10. Pippin gave land to the church in 756
    Donation of Pippin
  11. Royal agents of the king
    missi dominici
  12. Scholars that preserved Greek and Roman knowledge. Founded Charlemagnes palace school
    Alcuin
  13. was one of great scholars of the middle ages, popularized the B.C/A.D dating system
    Bede
  14. In the year of the Lord, Happened before and after Christ
    Anno Domini (A.D)
  15. Partition of the empire in 843, Charles received France and Louis got Germany.
    Treaty of Verdun
  16. Chose the popes
    College of cardinals
  17. appointment of bishops and other church officials by secular rulers
    Lay investiture
  18. They settled the Investiture Controversy
    Concordant of worms
  19. merchant who married a rich widow
    Mohammad
  20. teachings from Quran (submission to God)
    Islam
  21. God
    Allah
  22. teachings that Mohammed preached to the people of mecca (holy book of islam)
    Quran
  23. supported the Umayyad faction, and looked at Quran for ultimate authority.
    Sunni-
  24. Supporters of Ali and Abbasid faction, claimed that Mohammed had given divine knowledge to the descendants of Ali.
    Shiites
  25. Book about Aritotles logic and Christian theology, written by *St. Thomas Aquinas.
    Summa Theologica
  26. used to centralize royal power
    Domesday book
  27. Henry I established a Royal bureau of finance, to keep track of income
    Exchequer
  28. Signed by john and curbed the power of English kings and stated that the king was also subject to the law
    Magna Carta
  29. French ruler who wanted to tax the clergy.
    Phillip IV (the fair)
  30. forbidden the clergy to pay any tax to a lay ruler.
    Boniface VIII
  31. Capitol church moved from Rome to _______ by clement V
    Avignon
  32. Political and religious movement
    Lollards
  33. Two people claiming to be pope
    The Great Schism
  34. Advent of printing press
    Johann Gutenberg
  35. remission of priest imposed penalties for sins
    Indulgences
  36. When god decided ahead of time who would be saved
    Predestination
  37. Primary obligation a vassal owed his lord
    Military Service
  38. The battle of Poitiers
    Pippins IIs son Charles Martel defeated the Muslims
  39. Creation of The Papal States
    Land given to the pope
  40. Rules followed at the monastery of Cluny
    • Stood for reform of abuses
    • high religious standards
    • sound economic management.
  41. Ultimate victors of investiture Controversy
    German Princes
  42. Urban II
    Centralized church government.
  43. Dante Alighieri
    Divine Comedy
  44. Chaucer
    wrote the Canterbury Tales which criticizes the worldly interests of the English of the fourteenth century
  45. Duties of sheriffs in Norman England
    Enforcing the law, collecting taxes and raising an army at the kings request
  46. Henry II and the development of common law
    relied on precedent decisions made in previous cases making it to be more flexible
  47. The Model Parliament of 1295
    Made up of the great barons and major clergy
  48. Importance of the conciliar movement
    stressed that the role of the pope was to maintain the unity and well being of the church
  49. Demographics of the Black Death
    1.4 Million died about 25%
  50. Reactions of people to the plague
    resorted to flagellation, the mutilation of the body as a sign of repentance of sin and some tried to moderate and temperate life.
  51. Primary reason(s) for French failure in the Hundred Years War prior to 1415
    Internal disunity and mediocre leader
  52. The most formidable of weapons used in the Hundred Years War
    English Longbow
  53. Reasons Joan of Arc was able to reverse French fortunes on the battlefield
    England was exhausted
  54. Reasons Joan of Arc was executed
    burned her as a heretic and a witch in 1431
  55. Became by faith and the grace of god
    Luthers beliefs about salvation -
  56. Methods the Catholic Counter-
    Reformation used to combat the Protestant Reformation
  57. acquisition of wealth
    Difference between italian humanism vs northern humanism -
  58. proposed a well-rouned “liberal” education
    Renaissance education -
  59. was the italian author who was famous for political behavior
    Machiavelli -
  60. 476 A.D
    when Romulus augustulus was overthrown

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