Skull Landmarks

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Author:
Imanalo
ID:
249042
Filename:
Skull Landmarks
Updated:
2013-11-25 16:34:57
Tags:
Skull foramina
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Description:
The different Landmarks of the skull and their associated structures
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  1. Bones of the Calavaria
    • Paired: temporal bones, parietal bones
    • Unpaired: frontal bone, sphenoid bone, occipital bone
  2. Bones of the cranial base
    • Hard palate
    • vomer
    • palantine
    • dentition of the upper jaw
    • sphenoid
    • zygomatic arches
    • temporal bone
    • occipital bone
  3. Bones of the face
    • Nasal bones
    • maxillary bones
    • lacrimal bones
    • zygomatic bone
    • vomer
    • inferior nasal concha
    • palantine bones
  4. Structures of the supraorbital foramen
    • supraorbital artery
    • supraorbital vein
    • supraorbital nerve
  5. Structures of the inferior orbital fissure
    • Maxillary nerve (V2)
    • infraorbital artery - x
    • infraorbital vein - x
    • zygomatic branch of the maxillary nerve - x
  6. Frontal bone
    • Nasion
    • glabella
    • superciliary arch
    • zygomatic process of frontal bone
  7. Maxillary bones
    • body
    • maxillary alveolar process
    • anterior nasal aperture
  8. Structures of the infraorbital foramen
    • infraorbital artery
    • infraorbital vein
    • infraorbital nerve (Branch of maxillary V2)
  9. Structures of the superior orbital fissure
    • oculomotor nerve (CN 3)
    • trochlear nerve (CN 4)
    • Opthalmic division of trigeminal (V1)
    • Abducent nerve (CN 6)
    • Opthalmic veins
  10. Structures of the Foramen ovale
    mandibular division of trigeminal nerve (V3)
  11. Structures of the Foramen rotundum
    maxillary division of trigeminal nerve (V2)
  12. Structures of the Foramen spinosum
    • Middle meningeal artery
    • middle meningeal vein
  13. Structures of the optic canal
    • optic nerve (CN 2)
    • opthalmic artery
  14. Structures of the carotid canal
    internal carotid artery
  15. Structures of the stylomastoid foramen
    continuation of the facial nerve (CN 7)
  16. Structures of the jugular foramen
    • internal jugular veins/sigmoud sinus
    • inferior petrosal sinus
    • ascending phayngeal artery
    • posterior pharyngeal artery
    • glossopgaryngeal nerve (CN 9)
    • Vagus nerve (CN 10)
    • accessory nerve (CN11)
  17. Structures of the internal acoustic meatus
    • facial nerve (CN 7)
    • vestibulocochlear nerve (CN 8)
  18. Structures of the Styloid process
    • stylohyoid ligament
    • stylomandibular ligament
    • styloglossus muscle
    • stylohyoid muscle
    • stylopharyngeus muscle
  19. Structures of the mental foramen
    • mental artery
    • mental vein
    • mental nerve
  20. Structures of the superior nuchal line
    • muscles of the intrinsic back
    • trapezius
    • sternocleidomastoid
  21. Structures of the external occipital protruberance
    attachment site for the ligamentum nuchae
  22. Structures of the foramen magnum
    • spinal cords and meninges
    • vertebral arteries
    • nerve plexus
    • anterior spinal artery
    • posterior spinal arteries
    • roots of the accessory nerve
  23. Structures of the hypoglossal canal
    • hypoglossal nerve
    • hypoglossal artery
    • hypoglossal vein
  24. Structures of the cribiform plate
    olfactory nerve (CN 2)
  25. Structures of the brainstem
    • midbrain
    • pons
    • medulla oblongata
  26. Layers of the meninges
    • Dura mater - periosteal layer, meningeal layer
    • arachnoid mater
    • pia mater

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