World History CH 20 Q's

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World History CH 20 Q's
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World History CH 20 Q's
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  1. 21. The first European state to mandate compulsory elementary education was
    A. Sweden.
    B. England.
    C. France.
    D. the Netherlands.
    E. Prussia.
    E. Prussia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. 22. The reading material of the popular classes included all ofthe following except
    A. practical material, such as almanacs.
    B. chapbooks with religious contents.
    C. entertaining, humorous, escapist stories.
    D. calendars.
    E. works on Christian theology.
    E. works on Christian theology.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. 23. The Edict on Idle Institutions outlawed
    A. the Jesuits.
    B. territorial churches,
    C. contemplative monastic orders.
    D. universities.
    E. foundling homes.
    C. contemplative monastic orders.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. 24. In seventeenth- and early eighteenth-century Europe, most couples
    A. included an older husband and young wife.
    B. married in their teens.
    C. had three or fewer children.
    D. married in their late twenties.
    E. lived together before marriage.
    D. married in their late twenties.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. 25. Most girls who sought work outside their families found jobs as
    A. secretaries.
    B. domestic servants.
    C. shop clerks.
    D. workers in textile factories.
    E. teachers.
    B. domestic servants.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. 26. The pattern of late marriage in early modern Europe resulted primarily from the
    A. puritanism of rural society.
    B. prevalence of the extended family structure.
    C. fear of overpopulation.
    D. availability of premarital sex.
    E. necessary precondition of economic independence.
    E. necessary precondition of economic independence.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. 27. Prior to 1750. premarital sex
    A. occurred only among the upper classes.
    B. was nonexistent.
    C. was punishable by a prison term.
    D. was commonplace.
    E. resulted in a high percentage of illegitimate children.
    D. was commonplace.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. 28. Violations of social norms of traditional lower-class communities were punished by
    A. banishment.
    B. public humiliation.
    C. fines and imprisonment.
    D. exile.
    E. public corporal punishment.
    B. public humiliation.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. 29. According to the text, one reason for the abusive treatment of young children working in early English factories was probably
    A. the Anglican clergy's endorsement of such treatment.
    B. the great stress that their foremen experienced.
    C. the lack of laws against corporal punishment of children.
    D. the fact that this was normal treatment for children of the time.
    E. the absence of children's mothers from the factory shop floor.
    C. the lack of laws against corporal punishment of children.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. 30. Drinking habits may have changed in the 18th century as
    A. Protestant reformers created temperance societies.
    B. beer became a more popular beverage.
    C. city water supplies became safer to drink, thus lowering beer consumption.
    D. improved techniques of distilling made hard liquor cheaper and more potent.
    E. wine became more expensive due a widespread grape blight.
    D. improved techniques of distilling made hard liquor cheaper and more potent.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. 31. Underlying the "illegitimacy explosion" of 1750—1850 the authors see
    A. decreasing availability of birth control in the countryside.
    B. Protestantism's stress on women's equality.
    C. the growth of cottage industry and peasant migration to the cities.
    D. the decline oftraditional moral standards due to the Enlightenment.
    E. the sexual exploitation of poor girls by wealthy men.
    C. the growth of cottage industry and peasant migration to the cities.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. 32. The almanacs popular among European peasants were
    A. compendiums of astrology, jokes, weird facts, and calendars of religious, astronomical, and agricultural events.
    B. pamphlets that made weather predictions for the coming year.
    C. calendars.
    D. pamphlets advertising local businesses and services.
    E. agronomical texts.
    A. compendiums of astrology, jokes, weird facts, and calendars of religious, astronomical, and agricultural events.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. 33. The neglectful attitudes toward children in preindustrial Europe were conditioned mostly by
    A. Enlightenment philosophy.
    B. the children's low economic value.
    C. high infant mortality rates.
    D. economic pressure on new migrants to the cities.
    E. church doctrine.
    C. high infant mortality rates.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. 34. The practice of wet-nursing benefited
    A. upper-class mothers.
    B. the working-class mothers who had to go to work.
    C. the infants of the wet-nurses.
    D. the infants placed in the care of wet-nurses.
    E. the villages where the wet-nurses lived.
    A. upper-class mothers.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. 35. In foundling homes, babies
    A. were prepared for careers in the clergy.
    B. were deliberately starved in large numbers.
    C. were safer from infectious diseases than outside.
    D. had a better chance of survival on average than in a family setting.
    E. died at the rate of 50 to 90 percent per year.
    E. died at the rate of 50 to 90 percent per year.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. 36. St. Vincent de Paul is most famous for his
    A. creation of hospitals for lepers.
    B. perfection of the smallpox vaccination.
    C. establishment of churches in new working-class neighborhoods in cities.
    D. efforts to outlaw the Society ofJesus.
    E. establishment of foundling homes.
    E. establishment of foundling homes.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. 37. The English author Daniel Defoe is used to illustrate the
    A. financial opportunities available in the eighteenth century.
    B. harsh, often brutal discipline inflicted on children.
    C. emotional power ofthe Protestant revival.
    D. standards of health care available to the rich in eighteenth-century London.
    E. experience of European colonists in the Americas.
    B. harsh, often brutal discipline inflicted on children.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. 38. According to the text, one danger that threatened young girls living away from home in domestic service was
    A. malnutrition due to subsisting on a city diet.
    B. reduced chances of marriage on returning home.
    C. risk of sexual attack by males in the household she served.
    D. higher risk of death or injury in street or kitchen accidents.
    E. increased risk of contracting infectious diseases.
    C. risk of sexual attack by males in the household she served.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. 39. All of the following are accurate about midwives in the eighteenth century except that they
    A. received practical training.
    B. could earn professional credentials.
    C. faced growing criticism and discrimination from the medical profession.
    D. delivered the overwhelming majority of babies.
    E. were of modest social origins, and were typically mothers themselves.
    B. could earn professional credentials.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. 40. According to the text, the diet of wealthy Europeans in the 18th century was
    A. just as bad or worse than that of common folk.
    B. pasta et fromage.
    C. far better than that of the rich today.
    D. high in vitamins A and C.
    E. much more healthy than that of common folk.
    A. just as bad or worse than that of common folk.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. 41. The diet of the poorer classes consisted largely of bread and
    A. vegetables.
    B. dairy products.
    C. mead.
    D. meat and eggs.
    E. wild game.
    A. vegetables.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. 42. A severe deficiency in vitamin C results in the disease known as
    A. beri beri.
    B. dysentery.
    C. anemia.
    D. scurvy.
    E. gout.
    D. scurvy.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. 43. The American crop that became an important dietary supplement by the end of the century
    was
    A. rice.
    B. potatoes.
    C. rye.
    D. lima beans.
    E. winter wheat.
    B. potatoes.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. 44. In addition to supervising labor and birth, midwives generally
    A. treated mental patients.
    B. sold contraceptives.
    C. practiced witchcraft.
    D. assisted physicians.
    E. treated female medical difficulties such as irregular menstrual cycles, venereal diseases, and breast-feeding problems.
    E. treated female medical difficulties such as irregular menstrual cycles, venereal diseases, and breast-feeding problems.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. 45. In the eighteenth century, faith healers
    A. usually prescribed herbal remedies.
    B. used exorcism to treat illness.
    C. had disappeared.
    D. believed disease was caused by imbalance in the humors.
    E. specialized in psychological illnesses.
    B. used exorcism to treat illness.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. 46. Changes in the food consumption habits of Europeans in the eighteenth century included all of
    the following except
    A. declining consumption of alcoholic beverages.
    B. the appearance of semitropical fruits such as oranges.
    C. the replacement of coarse whole-wheat bread with white bread.
    D. greater variety and availability of vegetables.
    E. increased consumption of sugar.
    A. declining consumption of alcoholic beverages.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. 47. Many surgeons gained anatomical knowledge and practical experience
    A. as barbers.
    B. from the rediscovery of Greek and Roman medical writings.
    C. on the many battlefields of Europe.
    D. by apprenticing themselves to physicians.
    E. as a result of the legalization of dissection.
    C. on the many battlefields of Europe.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. 48. Among the different types of medical practitioner's in Europe in the 18th century
    A. pharmacists made more cures than other groups.
    B. none treated medical conditions very effectively.
    C. exorcists made more cures than other groups.
    D. midwives made more cures than other groups.
    E. physicians and surgeons made far more cures than other groups.
    B. none treated medical conditions very effectively.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. 49. The term lunatic refers to
    A. someone who drank too much.
    B. the brown rat, bearer of the bubonic plague.
    C. German Protestants who joined the Pietist movement.
    D. the popular belief that mental illness was caused by moonlight.
    E. traditional village punishments for those who violated local customs.
    D. the popular belief that mental illness was caused by moonlight.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. 50. The greatest achievement of eighteenth-century medical science was the
    A. conquest of smallpox.
    B. elimination of the bubonic plague.
    C. rise of the animistic school of medicine.
    D. control of venereal disease.
    E. invention of anesthesia for surgery.
    A. conquest of smallpox.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. 51. Lady Mary Wortley Montague is most famous for
    A. the establishment and support of foundling homes all over England.
    B. her advocacy on behalf of orphans.
    C. spreading the practice of smallpox inoculation in England.
    D. her amazing career as a midwife.
    E. her efforts at establishing universal elementary education.
    C. spreading the practice of smallpox inoculation in England.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. 52. Edward Jenner received financial prizes from the British government for
    A. inventing improved sewage systems.
    B. propounding the microbial theory of disease.
    C. introducing innoculation against smallpox to western Asia.
    D. discovering that cowpox could be used to vaccinate against smallpox.
    E. discovering the first effective method of innoculation against smallpox.
    D. discovering that cowpox could be used to vaccinate against smallpox.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. 53. The term territorial churches refers to
    A. Catholic churches still controlled by the pope.
    B. churches outside the control of the state.
    C. churches on the American and Australian frontiers.
    D. churches controlled by the state.
    E. large parish churches of any denomination.
    D. churches controlled by the state.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. 54. The dissolution of the Jesuit order in 1773 is a striking indication of the
    A. vitality of the Protestant revival.
    B. resurgent power of the papacy.
    C. obscurantism of the Bourbon monarchs.
    D. power of the state over the church.
    E. decline of religious feeling in the eighteenth century.
    D. power of the state over the church.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. 55. The popular strength of religion in Catholic countries reflected
    A. its importance in community life.
    B. the desires of secular authorities.
    C. the decline of papal and clerical abuses.
    D. the role of the parish clergy in the state bureaucracy.
    E. widespread fear of the outside world.
    A. its importance in community life.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. 56. Madame du Coudray's major accomplishment was
    A. training tens of thousands of midwives.
    B. researching the most common causes of stillbirth.
    C. teaching tens of thousands of peasants to read.
    D. convincing Louis XIV to sponsor the draining of marshlands.
    E. establishing dozens of foundling homes.
    A. training tens of thousands of midwives.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. 57. All of the following were aspects of the celebration of Carnival except
    A. drinking and dancing.
    B. mocking the established order.
    C. inversion of the social hierarchy.
    D. begging forgiveness for one's sins.
    E. masquerading.
    D. begging forgiveness for one's sins.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. 58. All of the following were aspects of the Protestant revival in Germany except
    A. religious enthusiasm.
    B. the practical power of Christian rebirth in everyday affairs.
    C. stress on the priesthood of all believers.
    D. rationalism.
    E. Bible reading and study.
    D. rationalism.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. 59. John Wesley's "Methodism" spread rapidly among
    A. the Anglican clergy.
    B. the lower and middle classes in England.
    C. American colonists.
    D. German Pietists.
    E. the English upper classes.
    B. the lower and middle classes in England.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. 60. In the excerpt from Emile, reproduced in "Listening to the Past", Rousseau argued that
    A. it was unnecessary for girls to learn to read.
    B. girls were incapable of learning complex mathematics.
    C. girls should be educated for careers so as to be financially independent.
    D. education for boys and girls should be the same.
    E. girls' education should be oriented toward their future roles as mothers and housewives.
    E. girls' education should be oriented toward their future roles as mothers and housewives.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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