Final Practicum

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Author:
melissauri
ID:
249071
Filename:
Final Practicum
Updated:
2013-11-25 21:45:35
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Final Practicum
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Description:
positioning practicum
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  1. PA CHEST
    • 110 KVP TOP 2 AEC
    • 43X35 IR
    • CR AT T7 (INFERIOR ANGLE OF SCAPULA) AND MIDSAGITTAL
  2. LEFT LATERAL CHEST
    • 125 KVP BOTTOM CTR AEC
    • 43X35 IR
    • CR AT 7T (NIPPLE LINE) AND MIDCORONAL PLANE
    • DURING INSPIRATION
  3. AP AND DECUBITUS CHEST
    • 110 KVP TOP 5 MAS
    • 43X35 IR
    • CR AT T7 (NIPPLE LINE) AND MIDSAGITTAL
    • IR ON BACK IN HOLDER
    • USE BED PAD
    • DURING INSPIRATION
  4. ABDOMEN SUPINE
    • 80 KVP USE ALL 3 AEC'S
    • 43X35 IR
    • CR AT L4 (CREST)
    • INC. DIAPHRAGM AND PUBIC SYMPHISIS
    • DURING EXPIRATION
  5. ABDOMEN ERECT
    • 80 KVP USE ALL 3 AECS
    • 43X35 IR
    • CR 2" ABOVE CREST
    • DURING EXPIRATION
  6. ABDOMEN LEFT LATERAL DECUBITUS AP
    • 80 KVP 12 MAS
    • 43X45 IR
    • CR AT CREST AND MIDSAGGITAL
    • FULL EXPIRATION
    • IR IN BACK IN HOLDER
    • USE BED PAD
    • MARKER ON BOTTOM SIDE
  7. AP PELVIS
    • 80 KVP TOP TWO AECS
    • 43X35 IR
    • CR 2" BELOW ASIS
    • TURN FEET INWARD
    • SHOULD SEE ILIAC CREST AND LESSER TROCHANTER
  8. AP HIP
    • 80 KVP BOTTOM MIDDLE AEC CELL
    • 25X30 IR
    • CR AT FEMORAL NECK: 2.5" BELOW THE ASIS AND PS LINE
    • TURN FOOT INWARD
    • DON'T PASS PS
    • MARKER ON LOWER SIDE
  9. LATERAL HIP-MODIFIED CLEAVES
    • 80 KVP MIDDLE AEC
    • 25X30 IR
    • CR AT FEMORAL HEAD: 2.5" BELOW THE ASIS AND PS LINE
    • RAISE LEG AT 45 DE ANGLE WITH A WEDGE.
    • COLLIMATE TO FIT HIP
    • MARKER ON LOWER SIDE
  10. PA AND FAN LATERAL HAND
    • 60KVP CENTER CELL SFS
    • TABLE TOP 40"
    • CR AT 3RD MCP JOINTS
  11. AP AND LATERAL THUMB
    • 60KVP CENTER CELL SFS
    • TABLE TOP 40"
    • THUMB UP FOR AP AND PULL HANDS OUT OF THE WAY
  12. PA AND LATERAL 2ND DIGIT
    • 60KVP CENTER CELL SFS
    • TABLE TOP 40"
    • CR AT PIP JOINT
  13. WRIST PA AND LATERAL
    • 60KVP CENTER CELL SFS
    • TABLE TOP 40"
    • CR AT MIDCARPALS
  14. WRIST PA OBLIQUE AND AP OBLIQUE
    • 60KVP CENTER CELL SFS
    • TABLE TOP 40"
    • CR AT MIDCARPALS
    • 45 DE ANGLE OBLIQUE
  15. AP AND LATERAL FOREARM
    • 60KVP CENTER CELL SFS
    • TABLE TOP 40"
    • HAND SUPINATED
    • CR AT MIDSHAFT
    • ELBOW AT 90 DEG
  16. ELBOW AP AND EXTERNAL OBLIQUE
    • 60KVP CENTER CELL SFS
    • TABLE TOP 40"
    • CR AT ELBOW JT
    • EXT OBL: 45 DE SPONGE BY PINKIE TO EXTERNALLY ROTATE
    • WRIST, ELBOW, AND SHOULDER MUST BE IN THE SAME PLANE
    • USED TO SEE RADIAL HEAD FREE OF SUPERIMPOSITION
  17. ELBOW-LATERAL AND INTERNAL OBLIQUE
    • 60KVP CENTER CELL SFS
    • TABLE TOP 40"
    • CR AT ELBOW JT
    • ELBOW 90 DEG EPIC PERP TO IR
    • INT OBL: HAND PRONATED
    • SEE CORONOID PROCESS IN PROFILE, OLECRANON PROCESS IN FOSSA.
  18. AP AND LATERAL HUMERUS
    • 60KVP CENTER CELL SFS
    • TABLE BUCKY 40"
    • CR AT MIDHUMERUS
    • INCL SHOULDER AND ELBOW JOINTS
    • AP: CONDYLES PARALLEL TO IR
    • LAT: CONDYLES PERP. TO IR
  19. AP AND LATERAL FOOT
    • 60KVP CENTER CELL SFS
    • TABLE TOP 40"
    • CR TO BASE OF 3RD METATARSAL
    • 5-15 DEGREES CEPHALIC
    • LAT:MEDIOLATERAL
    • DORSI FLEX ANKLE 90 DEG
  20. AP AND MORTISE ANKLE
    • 60KVP CENTER CELL SFS
    • TABLE TOP 40"
    • CR PERP TO ADKLE. LEG EXTENDED AND ANKLE DORSIFLEX 90D
    • MORTISE: 15 DE MEDIAL ROTATION
  21. AP AND LATERAL TIB/FIB
    • 60KVP CENTER CELL SFS
    • TABLE TOP 40"
    • CR ATPERP TO CENTER OF LEG
    • INCLUDE BOTH JOINTS
    • PARALLEL TO IR
    • MAY USE ANODE HEEL EFFECT
    • FEMORAL CONDYLES
  22. AP AND LATERAL KNEE
    • 60KVP CENTER CELL SFS
    • TABLE BUCKY 40"
    • CR 1/2" DISTAL TO PATELLAR APEX
    • MOST OFTEN 5/7 DEGREE CEPHALIC ANGLE OR CAUDAL ANGLE IF SKINNY PATIENT. IF AVER. USE NO ANGULATION.

    LAT:20-30 DE FLEXION AND 5-7 DEGREE CEPHALIC
  23. AP AND LATERAL FEMUR
    • 60KVP CENTER CELL SFS
    • TABLE BUCKY 40"
    • CR PERP TO MID FEMUR
    • AP: LOWER-ROTATE LEG MEDI 5 DE SO CONDYLES EQUIDISTANT FROM FILM
    • UPPER-ROTATE LEG MEDIALLY 10-15 DE

    • LATERAL:CONDYLES PERP TO FILM
    • MAY CROSS LEG OVER FOR LOWER FEMUR. MAY LEAVE LEG BACK FOR UPPER FEMUR.
  24. RAO ESOPHAGUS FOR BS
    • MIDDLE AEC 125 KVP
    • CR 2" ABOVE INFERIOR SCAPULAR ANGLE (T6) AND 2" AWAY FROM MIDLINE
    • 43X24 IR
  25. PA STOMACH FOR BARIUM SWALLOW
    • ALL 3 AECS 125 CVP
    • CR UNDER RIBS (ELBOW) AND MIDCORONAL
    • 43X35 IR
  26. AP/PA KUB FOR BE
    • ALL 3 AEC 125 KVP
    • CR AT CREST
    • 43X35 IR
  27. RPO/LAO FOR BE
    • ALL 3 125 KVP
    • CR AT CREST AND MIDWAY
    • 45 DE OBLIQUITY
    • 43X35 IR
  28. AP/PA DECUBITUS KUB FOR BE
    • 125 KVP 40 MAS
    • CR AT CREST MIDLINE
    • 43X35 IR
  29. LEFT LATERAL RECTUM FOR BE
    • MIDDLE CELL 125 KVP
    • CR AT ASIS AND MCP
    • 10X12 IR
  30. AP OBLIQUE FOR KIDNEYS
    • ALL 3 AECS 90 KVP
    • CR AT CREST AND 2" AWAY FROM MIDLINE
    • 14X17 IR TRANSVERSE
    • 30 DEGREE OBLIQUITY
  31. AP KIDNEYS
    • 2 CELL 90 KVP
    • CR UNDER RIBS (ELBOW) AND MIDSAGGITTAL
    • 30X25 IR
  32. AP AXIAL BLADDER
    • MIDDLE CELL AT 90 KVP
    • CR 2" ABOVE PS (1" BELOW GREATER TRO)AND MIDSAGGITAL
    • 10-15 CEPHALIC ANGLE
    • 30X25 IR
  33. AP SCAPULA
    • 80 KVP CENTER CELL 40" SID
    • CR 2" BELOW CORACOID
    • RAISE ARM TO THE SIDE 45
  34. LATERAL SCAPULA
    • 80 KVP CENTER CELL 40" SID
    • CR MID MDEIAL BORDER OF SCAPULA
    • FACING BOARD, SO SCAPULA IS PERP TO IR 45-60 DE OBLIQUITY
    • HAND FRONT OR BACK
  35. AP SHOULDER
    • 80 KVP CENTER CELL 40" SID
    • CR 1" BELOW CORACOID OR AT CORACOID
    • EXT ROTATION-PARALLEL
    • NEUTRAL ROTATION-45 DE
    • INTERNAL ROTATION-PERPP
  36. AP SHOULDER OBLIQUE "GRASHEY"
    • 80 KVP CENTER CELL 40" SID
    • CR GLENOHURERAL JT. EXITS HUMERUS
    • AP 35-40 DE TO SHOW SCAPULA PARALLEL TO IR
  37. AXILLARY "LAWRENCE" METHOD
    • 80 KVP 8 MAS 40" SID
    • CASSETTE ABOVE SHOULDER
    • CR ANGLED 15-30 DE MEDIALLY TO AC JOINT¬†
    • SUPINE
    • ABDUCT ARM AND EXTERNALLY ROTATE HUMERUS
    • ELEVATE SHOULDER
  38. Y-VIEW
    • 80 KVP CENTER CELL 40" SID
    • CR TO GLENOHUMERAL JT. EXITS HUMERUS
    • PA OBLIQUE 45-60 DE SCAPULA PERP TO IR.
  39. PA CLAVICLE
    • 80 KVP CENTER CELL 40" SID
    • CR TO MID CLAVICLE
    • HAD UP
  40. AP AXIAL CLAVICLE
    • 80 KVP CENTER CELL 40" SID
    • ERECT. LEAN BACK OR 15 DEGREE CEPHALIC AT MIDCLAVICLE
  41. AP CERVICLE
    • 75 KVP CENTER AEC 40" SID
    • CR AT C4 (ADAM'S APPLE)
    • ANGLE 15 DE CEPHALIC
  42. LATERAL CERVICAL
    • 75 KVP CENTER AEC 72" SID
    • CR AT LEVEL OF SHOULDERS
    • ARMS ON SIDE
  43. AP THORACIC
    • 75 KVP CENTER AEC 40" SID
    • CR AT T7 ¬†AND MIDSAGGITTAL (CHEST X-RAY)
  44. LATERAL THORACIC
    • 75 KVP CENTER AEC 40" SID
    • CR AT T7 FURTHER BACK FROM MID CORONAL
    • HOLD POLE
  45. AP LUMBAR
    • 75 KVP CENTER AEC 40" SID
    • CR AT CREST
    • COLLIMATE SIDE TO SIDE
    • 18X43 IR
  46. LATERAL LUMBAR
    • 75 KVP CENTER AEC 40" SID
    • CR AT CREST POSTERIOR TO CORONAL PLANE
  47. AP AXIAL SACRUM
    • 75 KVP CENTER AEC 40" SID
    • CR 2" ABOVE P.S.
    • SUPINE
    • 15 DEG CEPHALIC
    • 24X30 IR
  48. LATERAL SACRUM
    • 75 KVP CENTER AEC 40" SID
    • CR AT 3" POSTERIOR TO ASIS
    • LT. RECUMBENT
    • CUNSHING UNDER BACK
  49. AP AXIAL COCCYX
    • 75 KVP CENTER AEC 40" SID
    • CR 2" ABOVE P.S.
    • ANGLE 15 DE CAUDAL
    • SUPINE
    • 18X24
  50. LATERAL COCCYX
    • 75 KVP CENTER AEC 40" SID
    • CR BACK 3.5" POST TO ASIS AND 2" DOWN
    • LT RECUMBENT
    • CUSHING UNDER BACK
    • 15X20 IR

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