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company that popularized personal computing was ________.
process data under the control of sets of instructions called computer
________ is a type of computerlanguage that uses Englishlike abbreviations for machine-language instructions.
________ languages are most
convenient to the programmer for writing programs quickly and easily.
only language a computer can directly understand is that computer’s ________.
programs that translate high-level language programs into machine language are
________, or labeling content, is
another key part of the collaborative theme of Web 2.0.
With ________ development,
individuals and companies contribute their efforts in developing, maintaining
and evolving software in exchange for the right to use that software for their
own purposes, typically at no charge.
The ________ was the predecessor to
The information-carrying capacity of a communications medium like the Internet is
The acronym TCP/IP stands for
- Protocol -
________ allows computer users to locate and view multimedia-based documents on
almost any subject over the Internet.
World Wide Web
________ founded an
organization—called the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)—devoted to developing
nonproprietary, interoperable technologies for the World Wide Web.
________ are reusable software components
that model items in the real world.
________ is a smartphone operating system based on the Linux kernel and Java.
Objects have the property of
________—although objects may know how to communicate with one another across
well-defined interfaces, they normally are not allowed to know how other
objects are implemented.
In object-oriented programming languages, we create ________ to house the set of
methods that perform tasks
The process of analyzing and designing a system from an object-oriented point of view is called ________.
object-oriented analysis and design (OOAD).
With ________, new classes of
objects are derived by absorbing characteristics of existing classes, then
adding unique characteristics of their own.
The size, shape, color and weight of an object are considered ________ of the
HTML5 (HyperText Markup Language 5)
is a high-level language designed to specify the content and structure of web
pages in a portable manner.
- HTML is a markup language.
Keeping page styling together with the page content and structure enables you to easily change the look and feel of the pages on an entire website, or a portion of a website.
- By separating page styling from page content and structure, you can change the look and feel of the pages on an entire website, or a portion of a website, simply by swapping out one style sheet for another.
web server maintains a database of hostnames and their corresponding IP
addresses, and performs the translations automatically.
- A Domain Name System (DNS) server maintains a database of hostnames and their corresponding IP addresses, and performs the translations automatically.
________ is the standard for
transferring encrypted data on the web.
Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS)
________ identify resources on the Internet.
URIs (Uniform Resource Identifiers)
An ________ is a numerical value that
uniquely identifies the server on the Internet.
Browsers often ________ web pages for quick reloading.
The ________ operating system is used in the iPhone, iPad and iPod Touch devices.
The process of instructing the computer to solve a problem is called _____________?
What does ARPA stand for?
- Advanced Research Projects Agency