Music Romantic

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Author:
mi06bian
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249129
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Music Romantic
Updated:
2013-12-04 23:22:25
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music romantic period
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Romantic terms
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  1. Romantic Period Dates
    1820-1900
  2. Individuality
    • Works portrayed self-expression
    • individuality of style and stylistic traits
    • Beethoven - Pathetique
  3. Expressiveness
    • A universe of feeling
    • Unpredictability
    • Melancholic
    • Diabolism and a preoccupation with nature
  4. Nationalism
    • National identity
    • Interest in folk tunes
  5. Ways to show nationalism in music
    • folk tunes
    • instruments from heritage
    • enhancing homelands
  6. Program Music
    • Music depicting a poem, story, idea or scene
    • Must provide program
    • ex: Eroica Symphony by Beethoven
  7. Absolute Music
    • Opposite of Program Music
    • Symphony 40 in G by Mozart
  8. Tone Color
    Orchestra was used as a tone palate to paint particular sounds
  9. Exoticism
    • Using musical materials from foreign lands
    • must know composer's nationality to know is not nationalism.
  10. Expanded Range
    • Extremes of pitch, tempo and dynamics
    • Accelerandos, ritardandos, and rubatos used
  11. Miniaturism & Monumentalism
    • Age of contradictions
    • large forms against small short works
    • Beethoven 9th
  12. Chromaticism
    • Colorful harmonies
    • new chords invented
    • frequent use of chromatic scale
  13. Concert Overture
    • Work for orchestra in one movement usually in sonata form
    • modeled after the opera overture
  14. Incidental Music
    • Played before or during a play
    • Interludes, background music, marches
    • 1 movement
  15. Art Song
    • Work for solo voice and piano
    • Usually fusion of poetry and music
  16. Tone Poem
    • Symphonic poem
    • More flexible forms
    • sonata form, rondo, theme & variations or continuous forms.
    • one movement
  17. Song Cycle
    • Art songs grouped in sets
    • Usually linked by theme or music
  18. Strophic (Song Cycle)
    repetitive, melody same for all stanzas
  19. Through-Composed (Song Cycle)
    • unfolds as if comes along
    • melody keeps changing
  20. Franz, Schubert
    • Romantic with Classical Characteristics
    • The Unfinished Symphony
    • The Great C-Major Symphony
  21. The Unfinished Symphony
    • Franz, Schubert
    • Symphony #8 in B-minor
    • Has only 2 movements
    • Considered 1st true Romantic Symphony because of: lyricism, harmonic adventures and enchanting colors.
  22. The Great C-Major Symphony
    • Franz, Schubert
    • Symphony #9 - 1828
    • Stretched the limits of such genres
    • Employed wonderful melodies and amazing orchestral effects and the creative use of harmonies
  23. Hector Berlioz
    • 1803-1869
    • Symphonie Fantastique - 1830
  24. Symphonie Fantatique
    • Berlioz
    • A programmatic symphony in 5 movements
  25. Felix Mendelssohn
    • 1809-1847
    • German
    • The Italian Symphony - 1833
    • The Scottish Symphony - 1842
  26. The Italian Symphony
    • Mendelssohn
    • Symphony #4 - 1833
    • Written while on tour of Italy
    • Depicts the sights and sounds of South Italy
    • Warm and Sunny
    • Exoticism and Program Music
  27. The Scottish Symphony
    • Mendelssohn
    • Symphony #3 - 1842
    • Recollection of trip to British Isle
    • Depicts the sights and sounds of this trip
    • The Scottish is sombre and melancholic - depiction of the north
    • Exoticism and Program Music
  28. Johannes Brahms
    • 1833-1897
    • 4 Symphonies - #1-4 *Classical Characteristics
    • 1st symphony 20 years in the making
    • meticulous composer
    • one of the most classical of romantic composers
  29. Antonin Dvorak
    • 1841-1904
    • 9 Symphonies
    • #7 considered his greatest
    • #8 most popular: The New World Symphony
  30. The New World Symphony
    • Dvorak symphony #8
    • title based on use of American local and native melodies
    • written during 1893 (first) trip to US
    • Exoticism and Program Music
  31. Romantic Piano Music
    • most were in dance forms: waltzes, mazurkas, polonaises
    • short lyrical pieces under different names: Ballads, nocturnes, impromptus, scherzos—to evoke moods
    • longer piano pieces were also written: Concertos, variations, fantasias, sonatas—with mood mvts
  32. Chopin, Frederick
    • 1810-1856
    • Romantic Piano Composer
    • Born in Poland but most time in Paris
    • exclusivley for piano
    • sometimes display polish musical traits - nationalism
    • Mazurkas use rhythmic, harmonic, formal, melodic traits of polish popular music
  33. Franz Liszt
    • 1811-1886
    • Hungarian
    • start at age 11
    • spend much time in Paris
    • reflect Hungarian roots - nationalism
    • Fiery, dynamic, impulsive and temperamental
    • often have programmatic titles
    • pushed limits of piano and technical requirements
    • Transcendental Etude
    • Hungarian Rhapsody No 2 - nationalism
  34. Romantic Chamber Music
    • not a conductive medium for romantic composers
    • Schubert and Brahms: two major composers
    • descriptive name makes romantic
    • chamber music makes classical
    • Traditional chamber ensembles not intimate enough for personal musician communication
    • Romantic composers favored large orchestras or more intimate chamber music settings
  35. The Erl King
    • Schubert
    • Art Song
    • voice and piano - 2 characters
    • through-composed
    • piano - horse
    • singer - tell story of 3 characters
  36. The Trout
    • Schubert
    • Strophic
    • voice and piano
  37. Transcendental Etude
    • Liszt
    • Study
    • Very difficult
  38. Symphonie Fantastique
    • Berlioz
    • 4th Movement
    • dreams has murdered beloved and condemned to death being led to the scaffold.  Procession moves to the sound of a march.
  39. Nocturne
    • Chopin
    • #9
    • expressive
  40. Beethoven
    • 1770-1827
    • Classical with Romantic tendencies
    • No other composer exercised greater influence upon the world of music before and after their time.
    • "The man who freed music"
    • Master of the symphony, sonata and string quartet
    • standard bearer of the new age
  41. Beethoven 1st Period
    • 1770-1802 Apprenticeship
    • Financial support from influential dignitaries
    • Composition in major genres: Piano Sonatas, string quartets, 3 piano concertos, 2 symphonies
    • early signs of what is yet to come - originality
    • Piano Sonata in C-minor Op.
  42. Beethoven 2nd Period
    • 1803-1814 Heroic Period
    • Quickly gained popularity and recognition in Vienna: pianist, composer, symphonist
    • Comes to terms with his deafness
    • Major compositions of the second period: Heroic Symphony (1803-1804)- programmatic, dissonance; Symphony in C-minor - first mvt based on motif rather than melody, last mvt in major
    • Other 2nd Period Compositions: Symphonies 3-8, Fidelio (opera), Piano Concertos 3-5, Violin Concerto, Quartet Op 59 (The Razumovsky).
    • Symphony 3 - Nepolion, description, rename to Eroica Symphony
  43. Beethoven 3rd Period
    • 1816-1827 Last or Introspective Period
    • Insecurity, ill health, isolation, increased deafness
    • fewer compositions
    • Major Works of the Last Period: Missa Solemnis, The Ninth - Choral Symphony/Ode to Joy/Ninth Symphony (vocal in 4th mvt), has more romantic characteristics

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