microbio notes 1 Nov. 26 part 1 (adaptive immunity, T cells, B cells, lymphatic system, macrophages,

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mikepl103
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249200
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microbio notes 1 Nov. 26 part 1 (adaptive immunity, T cells, B cells, lymphatic system, macrophages,
Updated:
2013-11-26 13:03:27
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microbio notes Nov 26 part adaptive immunity cells lymphatic system macrophages cytokine epitope multivalent antibody variable region antigen presentation MHC
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Microbio,Class,(Fall,13,Semester,at,St.,Johns)
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microbio notes 1 Nov. 26 part 1 (adaptive immunity, T cells, B cells, lymphatic system, macrophages, cytokine, epitope, multivalent antibody, variable region, antigen presentation, MHC)
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  1. T cells are involved in ___-_____ immunity
    cell mediated
  2. What are the two types of T cells?
    helper T cells and cytotoxic T cells
  3. What two humoral systems are involved in the immune system?
    lymphatic system and circulatory system
  4. What are primary organs?
    places in which either B or T cells mature
  5. What is the primary organ for T cells?
    thymus
  6. Where do B cell's mature?
    in the bone marrow
  7. What are secondary organs?
    organs in which antigens may be trapped and come into contact with T or B cells
  8. Which organ filters the blood?
    the spleen
  9. what are cytokines?
    a diverse group of molecules that are used in cell signaling
  10. what is the group of cytokines that we talked about in class called?
    interleukins
  11. What does the term autocrine function mean?
    it refers to when a cell releases a chemical signal on itself
  12. what is paracrine function?
    when a cell sends chemical signals to nearby cells
  13. what is endocrine signaling
    when a cell sends a signal via the bloodstream to a cell(s) that is far away
  14. Acquired immunity is divided into what categories?
    natural and artificial, as well as active and passive.
  15. give examples of the different categories into which acquired immunity is divided into
    • natural and active: infection
    • natural and passive: maternal antibodies

    • artificial and active: vaccination
    • artificial and passive: immunoglobin therapy
  16. what is an epitope?
    a molecular feature recognized by an antibody
  17. what does the term multivalent refer to?
    multivalent antibody is an a.bo that contains many antigen-binding sites

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