What was meant by Richard Nixon's "southern strategy"?
He appealed to the racist white southerners who were upset about the civil rts movement & integration
Who said he would "Halt the bombing in North Vietnam"?
What caused the energy crisis in 1973?
Middle Eastern countries formed OPEC who stopped selling oil to countries supporting Israel after the Yom Kippur War
What was the U.S. response to the energy crisis of 1973?
Nixon allocated petroleum and established a national 55 mph speed limit; some gas stations closed on Sundays
When did the Watergate scandal occur?
June 17, 1972
What was the Watergate scandal?
June 17, 1972, Nixon's committee members broke into the Watergate Hotel complex to steal documents from the Democratic Party HQ and replace a bugging device. Nixon covered it up, even though he didn't order it.
Which charges did the House Judiciary Committee vote to levy against Nixon?
Obstruction of Justice
Abuse of Power
Contempt of Congress
When did Nixon resign?
Aug 8, 1974
Who took over after Nixon resigned?
How did Ford handle the charges against Nixon?
Ford gave Nixon a pardon because he thought that the nation had been through enough.
Former governor of GA and seen as an outsider.
Who was the last democrat to carry the south?
Name the two new departments Carter created.
Dept of Energy and Dept of Education
He promised to reverse the cynical support of dictators, secret diplomacy, interference in the IA of other countries, and excessive reliance on military solutions.
What happened with Carter in 1979?
He invited the Egyptian president, Anwar Sadat, and Israel's prime minister, Menachem Begin, to Camp David, MD which led to the Camp David accords being signed in 1979.
What was significant about the Camp David Accords?
It provided the framework for Middle East peace
Egypt became the first Arab state to recognize Israel as an independent state
& Israel agreed to w/d from the Sinai Peninsula
Who was the 3rd party independent who ran with Nixon and Humphrey?
What was significant about George Wallace?
He was a racist and said, "segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever."
What happened in June 1969?
Police raided the Stonewall Inn (a gay bar) and harassed patrons. The patrons fought back and the riots continued for 6 days.
What was founded in 1973?
The National Gay and Lesbian Task Force
What happened in 1973 with the American Psych Assoc?
They no longer categorized homosexuality as an illness.
What was passed in 2009 regarding homosexuals?
Matthew Shephard Hate Crimes Act
What is Yom Kippur?
A Jewish holiday in October
What was the Yom Kippur War?
In Oct 1973, Egypt & Syria attacked Israel & refused to recognize Israel's rt to exist. Israelians fled to territories where the Palestinians were settled and they are still in conflict today.
What resulted from the Yom Kippur War?
Arab nations retaliated with an oil embargo and since the U.S. supported Israel, oil shipments were cut off to the U.S. It cause an energy crisis and world-wide inflation, unemployment, and caused the auto energy to rethink how to build cars.
Who applied morality principles to relations with Panama?
What did the Panama Canal Treaties of 1977 do?
Returned control of the Canal to Panama in 2000 (earlier than the lease said) because Carter thought it was the right thing to do.
What did Ronald Reagan say about the Panama Canal Treaties?
"We bought it, we paid for it, it's ours."
Explain the Iranian Hostage Crisis.
In 1979, the Shah came to U.S. for cancer treatment & the Iranians took hostages in our embassy in Tehran, demanding the Shah return to Iran for trial.
What resulted from the Iranian Hostage Crisis?
Carter froze Iranian assets in U.S. and placed an embargo on Iranian oil.
The Iranian revolution in 1979 created the MOST SEVERE energy crisis in America.
By midsummer, 60% of gas stations closed due to shortages.
When did the Iranian Hostage Crisis end?
In 1981 when Ronald Reagan was inaugurated.
What was significant about the election of 1980?
It established conservatism's dominance in the Republican Party.