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What information is needed to complete the TOLD card?
- Aircraft information: weight and balance
- Departure and arrival field conditions: weather and airfield data
- Aircraft takeoff and landing performance
What are the six variables used to compute takeoff distance using the takeoff distance chart?
- Pressure altitude
- Gross weight
- Runway slope
- Obstacle height
In computing landing distance data, what is total landing distance?
Total ground distance from the 50-foot obstacle height to a full stop with charted configuration
What is RCR, and what are the specific values?
- Runway conditions reading
- 26-best condition; 23-dry; 12-wet; 05-icy; 02-worst condition
What should you do before entering the computed headwind component into the appropriate block on the TOLD card?
Verify that the crosswind component is within acceptable limits
What is an instrument cross-check?
Setting and maintaining aircraft parameters using reference only to the aircraft instruments
What are the basic categories of flight instruments?
Which performance instruments will give you the first indications of incorrect pitch and bank angle setting?
- Incorrect pitch: VSI, then altimeter
- Incorrect bank angle: EHSI and turn/bank indicator
What is crabbing?
Adjusting your heading in order to fly a straight ground track
In a constant airspeed and power climb, how will your attitude in a climbing turn, compare to a wings-level climb?
It will be lower because the turn results in a loss of lift and a resultant decrease in climb rate
What is the technique to smoothly lead a level-off from a climb or descent?
Lead level-off altitude by 10% of the vertical velocity
When accelerating, how will the aircraft tend to react?
- It will seek the trimmed airspeed by climbing.
- If power is added, right rudder and trim will be required to compensate for propeller effects
Which taxi clearances are you required to read back?
Any clearances that include "hold short" instructions
What control inputs should be made during no-wind takeoff?
What is the purpose of the best rate of climb?
Achieves cruise altitude as quickly as possible and is also the most fuel efficient
Which instrument is used to maintain pitch and bank?
In a turn, how do you compensate for loss of lift?
Apply back pressure on the control stick
What information should be included in a standard request for taxi clearance?
Aircraft ID, current position, type of operation, and intended first destination
When initiating a climb from cruise with the airspeed above 160 KIAS, what is the first action taken?
Simultaneously increase power to maximum and the pitch to above the normal climb pitch picture
When must you normally proceed straight through initial and NOT execute a break?
- Insufficient spacing with aircraft on inside downwind
- Aircraft on straight-in between 5 and 2 miles
- Aircraft on ELP between high key and low key
What factors would preclude you from requesting a closed pattern?
- Straight-in between 5 and 2 miles
- Aircraft on initial
- Spacing with aircraft on closed downwind
- ELP between "request high key" and low key
How should the aircraft be positioned at touchdown in a crosswind landing?
- Fuselage aligned with runway
- Touchdown on upwind gear
- Ailerons added as necessary to counter drift
How do you perform a breakout from an Air Force overhead pattern?
- Execute a climbing turn away from traffic
- Maintain 200 KIAS and proceed to the reentry point
While landing, what effect will a wide runway have?
It can make you flare too high or short of the runway
What initial pitch is set to climb at 140 KIAS?
14°/ bottom of mag compass
What distance from the runway will you normally begin descent on a 500' AGL straight in?
1 1/4 (VDP occurs between 1 1/4 and 1 2/3 for a 500' straight-in)
When RCR decreases, what happens to takeoff roll?
What are the steps for a constant rate descent?
Set airspeed and descent rate, use pitch and power to maintain descent rate
What does "carry straight through" on initial mean?
Maintain altitude and airspeed, turn crosswind at departure end
What must be accomplished on inside downwind?
Below 150 KIAS, call "gear clear," lower gear and flaps, maintain ≥ 120 KIAS until perch
What is the advantage to climbing out at 160 KIAS?
Better forward visibility
What information must be read back to the controller?
Altimeter settings, headings, altitudes departing and assigned
Describe the control and performance concept of flight?
Set attitude and power, trim, cross check performance, and adjust
During which landing phases are crosswind controls used?
Throughout the round-out and touchdown
What is the first indication of an incorrect power setting?
Which hydroplaning results from steam caused by burning rubber?
When is nose wheel steering not used?
High taxi speeds, tight turning
What airspeed is used for best rate of climb?
What may result on approach when terrain is hilly?
What are the 3 phases of landing?
Round-out, touchdown, landing roll
How may a long narrow runway affect an approach?
Appear high, flare late
When turning to a heading of 360 degrees, what instrument is the primary reference?
What is the difference between normal rate of climb and a best rate of climb?
Best rate gets to altitude in minimum time
When initiating a go-arround from the final turn, what altitude and airspeed should you go to?
500', 200 KIAS