Card Set Information
GED LANGUAGE ARTS
GED LANGUAGE ARTS
a, an, and the
a person, place, or thing. Can be the subject or object of a sentence.
: cat, horse, mother, Denmark
a word that replaces or stands for ("pro" = for) a noun.
: he, she, it
an action word.
: sit, laugh, screw
a word that describes or modifies a noun. Answers the questions "how many," "what kind," etc.
: happy, suicidal, red, dangerous
a word that describes or modifies a verb.
: carefully, quickly, wisely.
Also sometimes modifies an adjective. ("She was very tall." 'Very' is an adverb modifying 'tall')
Adverbs usually, but not always, end in "-ly". (However, not every word ending in "ly" is an adverb)
(literally "pre-position") a word that indicates the relationship of a noun (or noun phrase) to another word.
Examples of prepositions are to, at, with, for, against, across.
an expression (can be a single word, but usually more) which contains a single thought but is not necessarily a complete sentence.
Words make up phrases; phrases make up sentences. By some definitions, a phrase cannot contain a verb.
the basic unit of writing. A sentence should have a subject and a predicate.
The subject is the noun to which the sentence's verb refers;
the predicate is the verb plus whatever other parts modify or elaborate on it.
DECLARATIVE (type of sentence)
The majority of sentences are declarative.
A declarative sentence makes a statement.
INTERROGATORY (type of sentence)
An interrogatory sentence asks a question.
: Do you understand that?
IMPERATIVE (type of sentence)
An imperative sentence gives a command.
: "Shut up and kiss me."
(Note that an imperative sentence does not require a subject; the pronoun "you" is implied)
Past, present and future
For example, "I eat" is present, "I ate" is past and "I will eat" is future.
THE BASIC PARTS OF A SENTENCE
the subject, the verb, and (often, but not always) the object.
The subject is usually a noun--a word that names a person, place, or thing.
The verb (or predicate) usually follows the subject and identifies an action or a state of being.
An object receives the action and usually follows the verb.