Language Arts.txt

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Anonymous
ID:
24940
Filename:
Language Arts.txt
Updated:
2010-06-26 21:16:06
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GED LANGUAGE ARTS
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GED LANGUAGE ARTS
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  1. Articles
    a, an, and the
  2. NOUN
    • a person, place, or thing. Can be the subject or object of a sentence.
    • Ex: cat, horse, mother, Denmark
  3. PRONOUN
    • a word that replaces or stands for ("pro" = for) a noun.
    • Ex: he, she, it
  4. VERB
    • an action word.
    • Ex: sit, laugh, screw
  5. ADJECTIVE
    • a word that describes or modifies a noun. Answers the questions "how many," "what kind," etc.
    • Ex: happy, suicidal, red, dangerous
  6. ADVERB
    • a word that describes or modifies a verb.
    • Ex: carefully, quickly, wisely.
    • Also sometimes modifies an adjective. ("She was very tall." 'Very' is an adverb modifying 'tall')
    • Adverbs usually, but not always, end in "-ly". (However, not every word ending in "ly" is an adverb)
  7. PREPOSITION
    • (literally "pre-position") a word that indicates the relationship of a noun (or noun phrase) to another word.
    • Examples of prepositions are to, at, with, for, against, across.
  8. PHRASE
    • an expression (can be a single word, but usually more) which contains a single thought but is not necessarily a complete sentence.
    • Words make up phrases; phrases make up sentences. By some definitions, a phrase cannot contain a verb.
  9. SENTENCE
    • the basic unit of writing. A sentence should have a subject and a predicate.
    • The subject is the noun to which the sentence's verb refers;
    • the predicate is the verb plus whatever other parts modify or elaborate on it.
  10. DECLARATIVE (type of sentence)
    • The majority of sentences are declarative.
    • A declarative sentence makes a statement.
  11. INTERROGATORY (type of sentence)
    • An interrogatory sentence asks a question.
    • Ex: Do you understand that?
  12. IMPERATIVE (type of sentence)
    • An imperative sentence gives a command.
    • Ex: "Shut up and kiss me."
    • (Note that an imperative sentence does not require a subject; the pronoun "you" is implied)
  13. TENSES
    • Past, present and future
    • For example, "I eat" is present, "I ate" is past and "I will eat" is future.
  14. THE BASIC PARTS OF A SENTENCE
    • the subject, the verb, and (often, but not always) the object.
    • The subject is usually a noun--a word that names a person, place, or thing.
    • The verb (or predicate) usually follows the subject and identifies an action or a state of being.
    • An object receives the action and usually follows the verb.

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