Patient Assessment Skin 1

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Patient Assessment Skin 1
2013-11-27 20:19:09
Patient Assessment Skin
Patient Assessment Skin 1
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  1. The majority of 65 year old have > or = to _______ skin conditions.
  2. (True/False) Skin conditions are common in the general population.
  3. What questions should you ask when addressing a skin condition?
    When did it start/first appear? Spread? Change?
  4. What questions should you ask when addressing pruritus?
    Where? When did it start? How intense? What have you tired?
  5. What is annular?
    Ring shaped
  6. What is a Macule?
    Flat lesion
  7. What is a Papule?
    Solid, elevated lesion LESS THAN 0.5 cm
  8. What is a Plaque?
    Marginal depth to lesion, GREATER THAN 0.5 cm
  9. What is a Lichenification?
    Thickening of the skin
  10. What is a Nodule?
    Lump of GREATER THAN 0.4 cm in width and depth
  11. What is a Wheal?
    Transitory papule or plaque due to edema
  12. What is a Cyst?
    Nodule containing a liquid or semisolid which can be expressed
  13. What is a Vesicle?
    Liquid filled lump that is LESS THAN 0.5 cm
  14. What is a Bulla?
    Skin bulge of GREATER THAN 0.5 cm in diameter filled with clear liquid
  15. What is a pustule?
    Vesicle filled with purulent liquid
  16. What is a Crust (scab)?
    Exudate from a lesion
  17. What is a Fissure>
    Thin tear in the epidermis
  18. What is an ulcer?
    Destruction of the epidermis that exposes the dermis
  19. Should you palpitate inflamed areas, why?
    No, may cause infection spread and be painful
  20. How do you assess skin temp?
    Use back of hand
  21. How do you assess turgor?
    Pinch up large fold of skin and note skin’s ease of rising and turgor
  22. When is poor turgor present?
    With dehydration and extreme weight loss
  23. How does skin with decreased turgor respond to probing?
    Remains elevated after being pulled up and released
  24. What is HPI?
    History of present illness
  25. How can you differentiate between a patient’s normal aging skin and actual skin problems?
    Know the patient’s history of present illness
  26. What information can be ascertained from inspecting the hair of a patient?
    Nutritional deficiency and Anemia
  27. What information can be ascertained from gram stain and culture exudate?
    Bacterial/ yeast causative organism identification
  28. What components of the nails should be inspected?
    Atrophy, hypertrophy, hemorrhage, shape, separation from nail plate
  29. What are the inflammatory skin conditions presented in class?
    Atopic dermatitis/Eczema, Dry skin/Xerosis, Contact Dermatitis, Diaper Rash, Scaly Dermatoses and Acne
  30. Atopic dermatitis/Eczema is a chronic or acute skin condition?
  31. What ages are effected by Atopic dermatitis/Eczema?
    All ages
  32. When does Atopic dermatitis/Eczema
  33. What is a common exacerbation of Atopic dermatitis/Eczema?
    Individual triggers, no one thing for all people
  34. What is the most common signs of Atopic dermatitis/Eczema?
    Pruritus and papules, vesicles, patches, scaling lichenification
  35. What are the signs and symptoms of Atopic dermatitis/Eczema?
    Pruritus, Erythematous patches, plaques, papules, vesicles, scaling, dryness and lichenification (also hay fever, FH, allergic rhinitis and asthma