Patient Assessment Skin 2

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Author:
kyleannkelsey
ID:
249423
Filename:
Patient Assessment Skin 2
Updated:
2013-11-27 20:20:32
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Patient Assessment Skin
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Patient Assessment Skin 2
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  1. Where does Atopic dermatitis/Eczema often present?
    Face, Hands and Neck, upper chest and Flexure surfaces
  2. What is Xerosis?
    Dry skin
  3. What group is dry skin most common in, inflicting >50%?
    Older adults
  4. What can Xerosis be secondary to?
    Malnutrition, physical damage or hypothyroidism
  5. What are the more common causes of Xerosis?
    Hot showers, decreased water consumption
  6. What is a frequent cause of winter itch?
    Xerosis
  7. What are the signs and symptoms of Xerosis?
    Roughness, Scaling, Loss flexibility, Fissures, inflammation and Pruritus
  8. What is Contact Dermatitis?
    Inflammation caused by a substance that contacts skin
  9. What are the subtypes of Contact dermatitis?
    Irritant or Allergic
  10. What are the signs and symptoms of general Contact Dermatitis?
    Pruritus, Erythema, Papules and Vesicles, Pustules, Erosions, Crusts and Scaling
  11. Where is Contact dermatitis usually located?
    Generally confined to the exposure area
  12. What type of contact dermatitis usually appears hours after contact?
    Irritant
  13. What type of contact dermatitis usually appears days after contact?
    Allergic
  14. What are common causes of irritant contact dermatitis?
    Strong acids or bases, detergents and cosmetics
  15. What are common causes of Allergic contact dermatitis?
    Poisonous plants, metals, fragrances, cosmetics, skin care products, neomycin, benzocaine, rubber and latex
  16. What are the signs and symptoms of irritant contact dermatitis?
    Inflammation, vesciles, papules, crusts, burning, itching and stinging
  17. What are signs and symptoms of allergic contact dermatitis?
    Erythemia, inflammations, blisters, scales, itching, burning and pain
  18. Would you expect itching to be early or late with irritant contact dermatitis
    • ?
    • Late
  19. Would you expect itching to be early or late with allergic contact dermatitis?
    Early
  20. Would you expect stinging/burning to be early or late with irritant contact dermatitis?
    Early
  21. Would you expect stinging/burning to be early or late with alergic contact dermatitis?
    Late
  22. What characteristics would you expect with vesicles of an irritant contact dermatitis patient?
    Minimal vesicles
  23. What characteristics would you expect with vesicles of an allergic contact dermatitis patient?
    Early appearance
  24. In what type of Contact Dermatitis would you expect minimal pustules?
    Allergic
  25. What is the MOA of irritant Contact dermatitis?
    Direct tissue damage
  26. What is the MOA of allergic Contact dermatitis?
    Immunological
  27. Which type of contact dermatitis is usually self-limiting?
    Both types
  28. What type of exposure do you suspect with a patient who has contact dermatitis that itches intensely and appears in a linear streaking arrangement?
    Poison Oak/Ivy/Sumac
  29. How long does it take for Diaper rash to appear?
    May appear in hours
  30. What type of clothing increases risk of diaper rash?
    Occlusive clothing or diapers
  31. Where does Diaper rash occur?
    Buttocks, genitalia, perineum and abdomen
  32. What is an acute inflammatory disorder that breaks down the skins natural barrier and can appear on the perineum?
    Diaper rash
  33. What part of the skin does Scaly Dermatoses effect?
    Epidermis
  34. What are the types of Scaly Dermatoses?
    Dandruff, Seborrheic dermatitis and psoriasis
  35. When is Dandruff the most severe?
    Winter
  36. What is dandruff?
    Fine scaling confined to the scalp
  37. What is seborrheac dermatitis?
    Well demarcated subacute or chronic dermatitis involving the scalp, face and trunk and commonly associated with pruritus
  38. What is subacute?
    Between acute and chronic
  39. When is Seborrheic Dermatitis most commonly a problem?
    Winter
  40. What is Psoriasis?
    Localized or generalized Plaques and relatively adherent thick Scales
  41. Scaly Dermatoses can be diagnosed easily at home (True/False)
    False, requires primary care provider
  42. What are the exacerbating factors for psoriasis?
    Irritation, stress, medication, infection and endocrine factors

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